[page 75↓]

REFERENCES

Alyonycheva, T. et al. (1997) Skeletal muscle-specific myosin binding protein-H is expressed in Purkinje fibers of the cardiac conduction system. Circ Res. 80: 665-672.

Arndt, H. et al. (1989) Calcium sensitivity and unloaded shortening velocity of hypertrophied and non-hypertrophied skinned human atrial fibres. Pflugers Arch. 415: 209-213.

Auckland, L. M. et al. (1986) Cardiac myosin light and heavy chain isotypes in tetralogy of Fallot. Cardiovasc Res. 20: 828-836.

Barton, P. J. et al. (1985) The myosin alkali light chain proteins and their genes. Biochem J. 231: 249-261.

Bers, D. M. (2002) Cardiac excitation-contraction coupling. Nature. 415: 198-205.

Bouvagnet, P. et al. (1984) Fiber types and myosin types in human atrial and ventricular myocardium. An anatomical description. Circ Res. 55: 794-804.

Brenner, B. (1988) Effect of Ca2+ on cross-bridge turnover kinetics in skinned single rabbit psoas fibers: implications for regulation of muscle contraction. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 85: 3265-3269.

Brodie, B. R. et al. (1977) Effects of sodium nitroprusside on left ventricular diastolic pressure-volume relations. J Clin Invest. 59: 59-68.

Catala, F. et al. (1995) A skeletal muscle-specific enhancer regulated by factors binding to E and CArG boxes is present in the promoter of the mouse myosin light-chain 1A gene. Mol Cell Biol. 15: 4585-4596.

Cohen, C. (1975) The protein switch of muscle contraction. Sci Am. 233: 36-45.


[page 76↓]

Cserjesi, P. et al. (1995) Expression of the novel basic helix-loop-helix gene eHAND in neural crest derivatives and extraembryonic membranes during mouse development. Dev Biol. 170: 664-678.

Dantzig, J. A. et al. (1992) Reversal of the cross-bridge force-generating transition by photogeneration of phosphate in rabbit psoas muscle fibres. J Physiol. 451: 247-278.

Dobie, K. W. et al. (1996) Variegated transgene expression in mouse mammary gland is determined by the transgene integration locus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 93: 6659-6664.

Eisenberg, E. et al. (1985) Muscle contraction and free energy transduction in biological systems. Science. 227: 999-1006.

Fallot, A. (1963) [Contribution to the Pathological Anatomy of Blue Disease (Cardiac Cyanosis)]. Mars Med. 100: 779-797.

Fewell, J. G. et al. (1998) Functional significance of cardiac myosin essential light chain isoform switching in transgenic mice. J Clin Invest. 101: 2630-2639.

Fodor, W. L. et al. (1989) Human ventricular/slow twitch myosin alkali light chain gene characterization, sequence, and chromosomal location. J Biol Chem. 264: 2143-2149.

Geeves, M. A. et al. (1999) Structural mechanism of muscle contraction. Annu Rev Biochem. 68: 687-728.

Gordon, A. M. et al. (2000) Regulation of contraction in striated muscle. Physiol Rev. 80: 853-924.

Gordon, A. M. et al. (2001) Skeletal and cardiac muscle contractile activation: tropomyosin "rocks and rolls". News Physiol Sci. 16: 49-55.

Gorza, L. et al. (1984) Myosin types in the human heart. An immunofluorescence study of normal and hypertrophied atrial and ventricular myocardium. Circ Res. 54: 694-702.


[page 77↓]

Gregorio, C. C. et al. (2000) To the heart of myofibril assembly. Trends Cell Biol. 10: 355-362.

Grossman, W. et al. (1972) Alterations in preload and myocardial mechanics in the dog and in man. Circ Res. 31: 83-94.

Gulick, J. et al. (1997) Transgenic remodeling of the regulatory myosin light chains in the mammalian heart. Circ Res. 80: 655-664.

Haase, H. et al. (1993) Phosphorylation of the L-type calcium channel beta subunit is involved in beta-adrenergic signal transduction in canine myocardium. FEBS Lett. 335: 217-222.

Hailstones, D. et al. (1992) Differential regulation of the atrial isoforms of the myosin light chains during striated muscle development. J Biol Chem. 267: 23295-23300.

Hayashibara, T. et al. (1994) Binding of the amino-terminal region of myosin alkali 1 light chain to actin and its effect on actin-myosin interaction. Biochemistry. 33: 12821-12827.

Helmes, M. et al. (1996) Titin develops restoring force in rat cardiac myocytes. Circ Res. 79: 619-626.

Herzberg, O. et al. (1985) Structure of the calcium regulatory muscle protein troponin-C at 2.8 A resolution. Nature. 313: 653-659.

Hirzel, H. O. et al. (1985) Relationship between myosin isoenzyme composition, hemodynamics, and myocardial structure in various forms of human cardiac hypertrophy. Circ Res. 57: 729-740.

Hoffmann, S. et al. (2001) Overexpression of the human angiotensin II type 1 receptor in the rat heart augments load induced cardiac hypertrophy. J Mol Med. 79: 601-608.

Holmes, K. C. (1997) The swinging lever-arm hypothesis of muscle contraction. Curr Biol. 7: R112-118.


[page 78↓]

Holmes, K. C. et al. (1990) Atomic model of the actin filament. Nature. 347: 44-49.

Hopkins, S. C. et al. (1998) Fluorescence polarization transients from rhodamine isomers on the myosin regulatory light chain in skeletal muscle fibers. Biophys J. 74: 3093-3110.

Howard, J. et al. (1996) Is the lever arm of myosin a molecular elastic element? Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 93: 4462-4464.

Huxley, A. F. et al. (1971) Proposed mechanism of force generation in striated muscle. Nature. 233: 533-538.

Irving, M. et al. (1995) Tilting of the light-chain region of myosin during step length changes and active force generation in skeletal muscle. Nature. 375: 688-691.

Jaenicke, T. et al. (1990) The complete sequence of the human beta-myosin heavy chain gene and a comparative analysis of its product. Genomics. 8: 194-206.

James, J. et al. (1999) Transgenic over-expression of a motor protein at high levels results in severe cardiac pathology. Transgenic Res. 8: 9-22.

Kabsch, W. et al. (1990) Atomic structure of the actin:DNase I complex. Nature. 347: 37-44.

Katz, A. M. (2001) Physiology of the heart. Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins xvi, 718.

Klose, J. (1999) Large-gel 2-D electrophoresis. Methods Mol Biol. 112: 147-172.

Klose, J. et al. (1995) Two-dimensional electrophoresis of proteins: an updated protocol and implications for a functional analysis of the genome. Electrophoresis. 16: 1034-1059.

Kretsinger, R. H. (1980) Structure and evolution of calcium-modulated proteins. CRC Crit Rev Biochem. 8: 119-174.


[page 79↓]

Laemmli, U. K. (1970) Cleavage of structural proteins during the assembly of the head of bacteriophage T4. Nature. 227: 680-685.

Langendorff, O. (1895) Untersuchungen am überlebenden Säugethierherzen. Arch Gesante Physiol. 61: 291-332.

Linke, W. A. et al. (1997) Actin-titin interaction in cardiac myofibrils: probing a physiological role. Biophys J. 73: 905-919.

Lombardi, V. et al. (1995) Elastic distortion of myosin heads and repriming of the working stroke in muscle. Nature. 374: 553-555.

Lopez-Lopez, J. R. et al. (1994) Local, stochastic release of Ca2+ in voltage-clamped rat heart cells: visualization with confocal microscopy. J Physiol. 480 ( Pt 1): 21-29.

Lopez-Lopez, J. R. et al. (1995) Local calcium transients triggered by single L-type calcium channel currents in cardiac cells. Science. 268: 1042-1045.

Lowey, S. et al. (1971) Light chains from fast and slow muscle myosins. Nature. 234: 81-85.

Macera, M. J. et al. (1992) Localization of the gene coding for ventricular myosin regulatory light chain (MYL2) to human chromosome 12q23-q24.3. Genomics. 13: 829-831.

Matsuoka, R. et al. (1991) Complete sequence of human cardiac alpha-myosin heavy chain gene and amino acid comparison to other myosins based on structural and functional differences. Am J Med Genet. 41: 537-547.

Mercadier, J. J. et al. (1983) Myosin isoenzymes in normal and hypertrophied human ventricular myocardium. Circ Res. 53: 52-62.

Milligan, R. A. et al. (1990) Molecular structure of F-actin and location of surface binding sites. Nature. 348: 217-221.


[page 80↓]

Moncman, C. L. et al. (1995) Nebulette: a 107 kD nebulin-like protein in cardiac muscle. Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 32: 205-225.

Moncrief, N. D. et al. (1990) Evolution of EF-hand calcium-modulated proteins. I. Relationships based on amino acid sequences. J Mol Evol. 30: 522-562.

Morano, I. (1999) Tuning the human heart molecular motors by myosin light chains. J Mol Med. 77: 544-555.

Morano, I. et al. (1997) Changes in essential myosin light chain isoform expression provide a molecular basis for isometric force regulation in the failing human heart. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 29: 1177-1187.

Morano, I. et al. (1988) Chronic hypertension changes myosin isoenzyme pattern and decreases myosin phosphorylation in the rat heart. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 20: 875-886.

Morano, I. et al. (1995) Myosin light chain-actin interaction regulates cardiac contractility. Circ Res. 76: 720-725.

Morano, M. et al. (1996) Regulation of human heart contractility by essential myosin light chain isoforms. J Clin Invest. 98: 467-473.

Mornet, D. et al. (1979) The limited tryptic cleavage of chymotryptic S-1: an approach to the characterization of the actin site in myosin heads. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 89: 925-932.

Nair, R. R. et al. (2001) Age-dependent variation in contractility of adult cardiac myocytes. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 33: 119-125.

Offer, G. et al. (1973) A new protein of the thick filaments of vertebrate skeletal myofibrils. Extractions, purification and characterization. J Mol Biol. 74: 653-676.

Olson, E. N. (1992) Interplay between proliferation and differentiation within the myogenic lineage. Dev Biol. 154: 261-272.


[page 81↓]

Opsahl, M. L. et al. (2002) Multiple effects of genetic background on variegated transgene expression in mice. Genetics. 160: 1107-1112.

Popova, E. et al. (2002) Comparison between PMSG- and FSH-induced superovulation for the generation of transgenic rats. Mol Reprod Dev. 63: 177-182.

Popp, D. et al. (1987) Methods of preparing well-orientated sols of f-actin containing filaments suitable for X-ray diffraction. J Mol Biol. 197: 679-684.

Popp, D. et al. (1991) X-ray diffraction studies on muscle regulation. Adv Biophys. 27: 89-103.

Price, K. M. et al. (1980) Human atrial and ventricular myosin light-chains subunits in the adult and during development. Biochem J. 191: 571-580.

Qi, X. L. et al. (1997) Age-dependent changes in the effects of endocardial endothelium on the contractile characteristics of its adjacent myocardium in rats. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 29: 823-829.

Rarick, H. M. et al. (1996) An essential myosin light chain peptide induces supramaximal stimulation of cardiac myofibrillar ATPase activity. J Biol Chem. 271: 27039-27043.

Rayment, I. et al. (1993) Three-dimensional structure of myosin subfragment-1: a molecular motor. Science. 261: 50-58.

Ritter, O. et al. (1999) Expression of atrial myosin light chains but not alpha-myosin heavy chains is correlated in vivo with increased ventricular function in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. J Mol Med. 77: 677-685.

Saez, L. J. et al. (1987) Human cardiac myosin heavy chain genes and their linkage in the genome. Nucleic Acids Res. 15: 5443-5459.

Schaub, M. C. et al. (1998) Modulation of contractility in human cardiac hypertrophy by myosin essential light chain isoforms. Cardiovasc Res. 37: 381-404.


[page 82↓]

Schiaffino, S. et al. (1996) Molecular diversity of myofibrillar proteins: gene regulation and functional significance. Physiol Rev. 76: 371-423.

Seharaseyon, J. et al. (1990) Human embryonic/atrial myosin alkali light chain gene: characterization, sequence, and chromosomal location. Genomics. 7: 289-293.

Sellers, J. R. et al. (1995) Motor proteins 2: myosin. Protein Profile. 2: 1323-1423.

Shevchenko, A. et al. (1996) Mass spectrometric sequencing of proteins silver-stained polyacrylamide gels. Anal Chem. 68: 850-858.

Shi, Q. W. et al. (1991) Expression of ventricular myosin subunits in the atria of children with congenital heart malformations. Circ Res. 69: 1601-1607.

Small, J. V. et al. (1992) The cytoskeletal lattice of muscle cells. Eur J Biochem. 208: 559-572.

Squire, J. M. et al. (1998) A new look at thin filament regulation in vertebrate skeletal muscle. Faseb J. 12: 761-771.

Srivastava, D. et al. (1995) A subclass of bHLH proteins required for cardiac morphogenesis. Science. 270: 1995-1999.

Srivastava, D. et al. (1997) Regulation of cardiac mesodermal and neural crest development by the bHLH transcription factor, dHAND. Nat Genet. 16: 154-160.

Stepkowski, D. (1995) The role of the skeletal muscle myosin light chains N-terminal fragments. FEBS Lett. 374: 6-11.

Sussman, M. A. et al. (1994) Tropomodulin in rat cardiac muscle. Localization of protein is independent of messenger RNA distribution during myofibrillar development. Circ Res. 75: 221-232.

Sutoh, K. (1982) Identification of myosin-binding sites on the actin sequence. Biochemistry. 21: 3654-3661.


[page 83↓]

Sutsch, G. et al. (1992) Hemodynamic performance and myosin light chain-1 expression of the hypertrophied left ventricle in aortic valve disease before and after valve replacement. Circ Res. 70: 1035-1043.

Swynghedauw, B. (1986) Developmental and functional adaptation of contractile proteins in cardiac and skeletal muscles. Physiol Rev. 66: 710-771.

Timson, D. J. et al. (1998) The N-terminus of A1-type myosin essential light chains binds actin and modulates myosin motor function. Eur J Biochem. 255: 654-662.

Trayer, I. P. et al. (1987) Evidence that the N-terminal region of A1-light chain of myosin interacts directly with the C-terminal region of actin. A proton magnetic resonance study. Eur J Biochem. 164: 259-266.

Uyeda, T. Q. et al. (1996) The neck region of the myosin motor domain acts as a lever arm to generate movement. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 93: 4459-4464.

Vibert, P. et al. (1997) Steric-model for activation of muscle thin filaments. J Mol Biol. 266: 8-14.

Wang, C. et al. (1975) Lowry determination of protein in the presence of Triton X-100. Anal Biochem. 63: 414-417.

Winegrad, S. (1999) Cardiac myosin binding protein C. Circ Res. 84: 1117-1126.

Woischwill, C. et al. (2004) Regulation of the human atrial essential myosin light chain 1 promoter by Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent signaling pathways. FASEB journal (submitted).

Xu, C. et al. (1999) Tropomyosin positions in regulated thin filaments revealed by cryoelectron microscopy. Biophys J. 77: 985-992.

Zimmermann, K. et al. (1990) Heterogenic mRNAs with an identical protein-coding region of the human embryonic myosin alkali light chain in skeletal muscle cells. J Mol Biol. 211: 505-513.


© Die inhaltliche Zusammenstellung und Aufmachung dieser Publikation sowie die elektronische Verarbeitung sind urheberrechtlich geschützt. Jede Verwertung, die nicht ausdrücklich vom Urheberrechtsgesetz zugelassen ist, bedarf der vorherigen Zustimmung. Das gilt insbesondere für die Vervielfältigung, die Bearbeitung und Einspeicherung und Verarbeitung in elektronische Systeme.
DiML DTD Version 3.0Zertifizierter Dokumentenserver
der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
HTML generated:
11.10.2004