GLOSSARY OF SOME ISLAMIC LEGAL TERMS.

Baghat

rebels

Bayah

oath

Diya

blood money, compensation

Fatwa

religious decision

Fiqh

the Science of the Shariah or jurisprudence

Hadd or Hudod

specific penalties fixed with reference to the right of God

Hakk Adami

the Right of Man, People

Hakk Allah

the Right of God

Haram

prohibited, unlawful, taboo

Harbi

enemy

Ijma

consensus

Ijma al ulama

consensus of Scholars on point of details

Ijma Muslim

consensus of all Muslim

Ijtihad

the effort of independent judgement

Imam

leader of a Muslim Community

Isnad

chain of transmitters of a tradition

Istihsan

legal equity, believers

Istislah

aim of Mankind in Law, based on the Public interest

Jahiliyah

period and time uncertain future and ignorance

Jinayat

offence against the person, tort or injury

Jizyia

poll tax

Kadi

the Islamic judge

Kafarah

expiation

Khalifa

Caliph, chief of Muslim state

Madhab

School

Maten

text

Niyah

intention, notion, and aim

Muwahhdin

Unitarians

Mujtahid

one who exercises independent reasoning; qualified Scholar

Gadaf

false accusation of incontinence or defamation, Slander

Kisas

retaliation

Qiyas

analogy

Riddah

apostasy

Sharia

Muslim Law, legal system

Sunna

rules of Conduct deduced from the oral precepts, action and decisions of the Prophet or Tradition or model behaviours

Sunnah mutawarerah

successively reported Sunnah

Sunnah mashoorah

well known Sunnah

Sunnah ahad

Sunnah reported by one or a few reported

Tazeer

indefinite punishment admitted

Thimmi

Non-Muslim Subject, Scripture

Ulama

the Religious Scholars of Islam

Wall- Al - Dam

the next of kindred who has the right to demand retaliation

Zakat

alms

Zina

adultery, fornication


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