Bachmann, Lorenz B. R.: Review of the Agricultural Knowledge System in Fiji - Opportunities and Limitations of Participatory Methods and Platforms to promote Innovation Development -

207

Appendix A. Annex

Annex 1: Daily labour activity profile for farmers in an upland settlement

Activity

Group

Mon.

Tue.

Wed.

Thur.

Fri.

Sat.

Sun.

Av. per day

Total per week

Total per year

Farming

Average 1

0

7

7

7

7

2

0

4.3

30

1500

 

Average 2

6

6

6

6

6

2

0

4.6

32

1600

 

Advanced

6

6

6

6

6

1

1

4.6

32

1600

 

Women

2

4

5

5

3

3

0

3.1

22

1100

Household

Average 1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1.0

7

350

 

Average 2

1

1

1

1

1

3

3

1.6

11

550

 

Advanced

2

2

2

2

2

1

0

1.6

11

550

 

Women

2

4

5

5

4

4

4

4.0

28

1400

Meals

Average 1

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3.0

21

1050

 

Average 2

3

3

3

3

3

3

4

3.1

22

1100

 

Advanced

2

2

2

2

2

2

3

2.1

15

750

 

Women

3

2

2

2

2

2

4

2.4

17

850

Relaxing

Average 1

3

2

2

2

2

2

7

2.9

20

1000

 

Average 2

2

2

2

2

2

2

6

2.6

18

900

 

Advanced

2

2

2

2

2

2

6

2.6

18

900

 

Women

2

1

2

1

3

1

4

2.0

14

700

Marketing

Average 1

0

0

1

0

1

0

1

0.4

3

150

 

Average 2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0.0

0

0

 

Advanced

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0.0

0

0

 

Women

1

1

1

1

2

0

0

0.9

6

300

Shopping

Average 1

0

0

0

0

0

5

0

0.7

5

250

 

Average 2

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0.3

2

100

 

Advanced

0

0

0

0

0

4

0

0.6

4

200

 

Women

1

4

0

1

1

5

0

1.7

12

600

Religious

Average 1

1

1

1

1

1

1

3

1.3

9

450

 

Average 2

1

1

1

1

1

1

3

1.3

9

450

 

Advanced

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

0.7

5

250

 

Women

1

1

1

1

1

1

3

1.3

9

450

Communal

Average 1

9

0

0

0

0

0

0

1.3

9

450

 

Average 2

1

1

1

1

1

0

0

0.7

5

250

 

Advanced

3

3

3

3

3

0

0

2.1

15

750

 

Women

1

0

0

0

1

1

0

0.4

3

150

Education

Average 1

0

0

1

0

0

1

2

0.6

4

200

 

Average 2

1

1

1

1

1

0

0

0.7

5

250

 

Advanced

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0.0

0

0

 

Women

1

1

1

1

1

0

1

0.9

6

300

Sleeping

Average 1

7

9

7

9

8

6

7

7.6

53

2650

 

Average 2

6

6

6

6

6

6

8

6.3

44

2200

 

Advanced

8

8

8

9

8

8

9

8.3

58

2900

 

Women

8

6

6

6

5

5

8

6.3

44

2200

Wild food

Average 1

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0.3

2

100

 

Average 2

3

3

3

3

3

3

5

3.3

23

1150

 

Advanced

1

1

1

1

1

6

0

1.6

11

550

 

Women

2

0

1

1

1

2

0

1.0

7

350


208

Annex 2: Development of production for major crop enterprises

Year

 

1976

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1998

Sugar cane

ha

47 000

54 519

62 284

65 639

65 888

69 178

59 171

68 575

70 506

70 066

66 493

63 864

70 496

70 000

72 000

72 000

74 000

74 000

 

 

1000 t

2211

2849

4058

3360

3931

4074

2202

4289

3042

4109

2960

3185

4099

4016

3380

3533

3704

4064

 

 

t / ha

47.0

52.3

65.2

51.2

59.7

58.9

37.2

62.5

43.1

58.6

44.5

49.9

58.1

57.4

46.9

49.1

50.1

54.9

 

Coconut1

ha

65 400

65 289

65 233

65 178

65 123

65 067

65 012

64 957

64 901

64 846

64 791

64 736

64 681

64 626

64 571

64 516

64 461

64 450

 

 

1000 t

26.69

26.31

21.82

22.84

20.56

22.13

23.59

24.66

21.23

22.02

13.09

10.73

13.36

19.00

15.19

16.04

10.23

8.40

16.52

 

t / ha

0.41

0.40

0.33

0.35

0.32

0.34

0.36

0.38

0.33

0.34

0.20

0.17

0.21

0.29

0.24

0.25

0.16

0.13

 

Rice

ha

9 011

8 824

9 371

9 008

8 185

9 554

8 924

10 442

11 653

11 416

12 227

13 401

13 147

12 112

12 337

10 441

9 459

7 865

2 892

 

1000 t

20.26

16.10

18.71

17.84

16.97

20.30

16.16

22.24

27.57

24.21

23.48

32.15

31.82

26.47

29.03

22.47

22.28

18.02

5.19

 

t / ha

2.2

1.8

2.0

2.0

2.1

2.1

1.8

2.1

2.4

2.1

1.9

2.4

2.4

2.2

2.4

2.2

2.4

2.3

1.8

Mature

ha

41

 

 

49

61

106

107

94

95

116

121

93

92

89

97

89

40

29

132

Ginger

1000 t

1.09

 

 

2.46

3.07

5.31

5.35

4.71

4.75

5.80

6.08

4.67

4.60

4.45

4.85

4.45

2.02

1.46

2.17

 

t / ha

26.6

 

 

50.2

50.3

50.1

50.0

50.1

50.0

50.0

50.2

50.2

50.0

50.0

50.0

50.0

50.5

50.3

16.4

Immature

ha

 

 

 

17

27

29

44

29

38

40

41

51

49

79

104

59

30

49

84.4

Ginger

1000 t

 

 

 

0.20

0.23

0.41

0.71

0.61

0.41

0.92

0.84

0.76

0.83

2.39

2.55

1.22

0.85

1.00

1.33

 

t / ha

 

 

 

11.8

8.6

14.1

16.2

21.1

10.8

22.9

20.4

15.0

17.0

30.2

24.5

20.7

28.3

20.4

15.8

Cocoa

ha

 

 

 

294

346

380

756

764

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

614

1 720

2 868

562

 

1000 t

 

 

 

0.14

0.19

0.13

0.24

0.25

0.22

0.24

0.47

0.24

0.38

0.41

0.36

0.33

0.12

0.16

0.145

 

t / ha

 

 

 

0.47

0.53

0.34

0.31

0.32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.53

0.09

0.06

0.26

Maize

ha

 

630

 

 

 

 

 

820

 

 

 

 

 

925

413

446

566

597

714

 

1000 t

 

5.1

6.7

8.1

 

 

 

1.9

 

 

 

 

 

2.0

0.50

0.96

0.52

1.53

1.30

 

t / ha

 

8.1

 

 

 

 

 

2.3

 

 

 

 

 

2.1

1.2

2.2

0.9

2.6

1.8

Taro

ha

 

2 875

 

 

 

 

 

1 500

 

 

 

922

1 040

4 589

1 810

1 855

1 899

2 924

6 800

 

1000 t

 

26.4

 

 

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

8.8

7.8

8.8

 

5.9

5.3

8.8

25.6

 

t / ha

 

9.2

 

 

 

 

 

10.0

 

 

 

9.5

7.5

1.9

 

3.2

2.8

3.0

3.8

Cassava

ha

 

6 934

 

 

 

 

 

4 100

 

 

 

1 901

1 842

4 332

6220

1 588

2 876

4 245

2 250

 

1000 t

 

159.4

 

 

 

 

 

49.2

 

 

 

19.96

16.18

23.53

 

8.06

8.94

15.76

29.2

 

t / ha

 

23.0

 

 

 

 

 

12.0

 

 

 

10.5

8.8

5.4

 

5.1

3.1

3.7

13.0

Source: Mpi 1985; Mpi 1990b, Maff 1995; MAFF 1999, Nagatalevu M., Field S. and Foarete 1994, 76.; Fao 2000, 1 ha data 1978-1993 own estimates.


209

Annex 3: General staff abilities rated by different groups

Abilities

PRA team (n=4)

Experts
(n=5)

Management (n=2)

Speed of learning

4.1

4.6

3.1

Self-confidence

3.8

4.5

4.4

Ability to draw conclusions

2.9

3.8

4.4

Problem solving capabilities

2.9

3.6

3.8

Ability to work independently

3.4

3.5

4.4

Mathematical abilities, dealing with figures

3.8

3.4

3.1

Report writing skills

2.9

2.4

3.8

Overall average

3.4

3.7

3.9

Scale: 1= poor, 2= acceptable,3= satisfactory, 4 =good, 5= excellent.



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