Ali NN, Edgar AJ, Samadikuchaksaraei A, et al. (2002). "Derivation of type II alveolar epithelial cells from murine embryonic stem cells." Tissue Eng8(4): 541-550.

Amit M, Carpenter MK, Inokuma MS, et al. (2000). "Clonally derived human embryonic stem cell lines maintain pluripotency and proliferative potential for prolonged periods of culture." Dev Biol 227(2): 271-278.

Amit M, Margulets V, Segev H, et al. (2003). "Human feeder layers for human embryonic stem cells." Biol Reprod 68(6): 2150-2156.

Andersen MH, Fensterle J, Ugurel S, et al. (2004). "Immunogenicity of constitutively active V599EBRaf." Cancer Res 64(15): 5456-5460.

Andersson AC, Svensson AC, Rolny C, et al. (1998). "Expression of human endogenous retrovirus ERV3 (HERV-R) mRNA in normal and neoplastic tissues."Int JOncol 12(2): 309-13.

Andersson AC, Venables PJ, Tonjes RR, et al. (2002). "Developmental Expression of HERV-R (ERV3) and HERV-K in Human Tissue." Virology 297(2): 220-225.

Armbruester V, Sauter M, Krautkrämer E, et al. (2002). "A novel gene from the human endogenous retrovirus k expressed in transformed cells." Clin Cancer Res 8(6): 1800-1807.

Armbruester V, Sauter M, Römer K, et al. (2004). "Np9 protein of human endogenous retrovirus K interacts with ligand of numb protein X." J Virol 78(19): 10310-10319.

Armstrong BK and Kricker A (1994). "Cutaneous melanoma." Cancer Surv 19-20: 219-240.

Armstrong BK and Kricker A (1995). "Skin cancer." Dermatol Clin 13(3): 583-594.

Balch CM (1992). " Cutaneous melanoma: prognosis and treatment results worldwide." Semin. Surg Oncol 8(6): 400-414.

Balch CM, Buzaid AC, Atkins MB, et al . (2000). "A new American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system for cutaneous melanoma." Cancer 88(6): 1484-1491.

Balch CM, Soong SJ, Atkins MB, et al. (2004). "An evidence-based staging system for cutaneous melanoma." CA Cancer J Clin 54(3): 131-149.

Bannert N and Kurth R (2004). "Retroelements and the human genome: new perspectives on an old relation." Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101(Suppl 2): 14572-14579.

Barbulescu M, Turner G, Seaman SI, et al. (1999). "Many human endogenous retrovirus K (HERV-K) proviruses are unique to humans." Curr Biol 9(16): 861-868.

Barna M, Hawe N, Niswander L, et al. (2000). "PLZF regulates limb and axial skeletal patterning." Nat Genet 25(2): 166-172.

Bataille V (2003). "Genetic epidemiology of melanoma." Eur J Cancer 39(10): 1341-1347.

Baylink DJ (1983). "Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis." N Engl J Med 309(5): 306-308.

Berking C (2005). "[The role of ultraviolet irradiation in malignant melanoma.]." Hautarzt 56(7): 687-697.

Best S, Le Tissier PR and Stoye JP (1997). "Endogenous retroviruses and the evolution of resistance to retroviral infection." Trends Microbiol 5(8): 313-318.

Blaise S, Mangeney M and Heidmann T (2001). "The envelope of Mason-Pfizer monkey virus has immunosuppressive properties." J Gen Virol 82(Pt 7): 1597-1600.

Blond J, Lavillette D, Cheynet V, et al. (2000). "An Envelope Glycoprotein of the Human Endogenous Retrovirus HERV-W Is Expressed in the Human Placenta and Fuses Cells Expressing the type D Mammalian Retrovirus Receptor." J Virol 74: 3321-3329.

Boeke JD and Stoye JP (1997). Retrotransposons, Endogenous Retroviruses, and the Evolution of Retroelements. In: Retroviruses. J. M. Coffin, S. H. Hughes and H. E. Varmus. NY, Cold Spring Habour Lab. Press: 343-346.

Boese A, Sauter M, Galli U, et al. (2000). "Human endogenous retrovirus protein cORF supports cell transformation and associates with the promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger protein." Oncogene 19(38): 4328-4336.

Boese A, Sauter M and Müller-Lantzsch N (2000). "A rev-like NES mediates cytoplasmic localization of HERV-K cORF." FEBS Lett 468(1): 65-67.

Boheler KR, Czyz J, Tweedie D, et al. (2002). "Differentiation of pluripotent embryonic stem cells into cardiomyocytes." Circ Res 91(3): 189-201.

Boller K, Frank H, Löwer J, et al. (1983). "Structural organization of unique retrovirus-like particles budding from human teratocarcinoma cell lines." J Gen Virol 64(Pt 12): 2549-2559.

Boller K., Konig H, Sauter M, et al. (1993). "Evidence that HERV-K is the endogenous retrovirus sequence that codes for the human teratocarcinoma-derived retrovirus HTDV." Virology 196(1): 349-353.

Botella-Estrada R, Dasi F, Ramos D, et al. (2005). "Cytokine expression and dendritic cell density in melanoma sentinel nodes." Melanoma Res 15(2): 99-106.

Brustle O, Spiro AC, Karram K, et al. (1997). "In vitro-generated neural precursors participate in mammalian brain development." Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94(26): 14809-14814.

Bustin SA (2002). "Quantification of mRNA using real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR): trends and problems." J Mol Endocrinol 29(1): 23-39.

Caricasole AD, Ward-van Oostwaard D, Mummery C, et al. (2000). "Bone morphogenetic proteins and retinoic acid induce human endogenous retrovirus HERV-K expression in NT2D1 human embryonal carcinoma cells." Dev Growth Differ 42(4): 407-411.

Chinzei R, Tanaka Y, Shimizu-Saito K, et al. (2002). "Embryoid-body cells derived from a mouse embryonic stem cell line show differentiation into functional hepatocytes." Hepatology 36(1): 22-29.

Christensen T (2005). "Association of human endogenous retroviruses with multiple sclerosis and possible interactions with herpes viruses." Rev Med Virol 15(3): 179-211.

Chudnovsky Y, Khavari PA and Adams AE (2005). "Melanoma genetics and the development of rational therapeutics." J Clin Invest 115(4): 813-824.

Cianciolo GJ, Copeland TD, Oroszlan S, et al. (1985). "Inhibition of lymphocyte proliferation by a synthetic peptide homologous to retroviral envelope proteins." Science 230(4724): 453-455.

Clark AT, Rodriguez RT, Bodnar S, et al. (2004). "Human STELLAR, NANOG, and GDF3 genes are expressed in pluripotent cells and map to chromosome 12p13, a hotspot for teratocarcinoma." Stem Cells 22(2): 169-179.

Conrad B, Weissmahr RN, Trucco G, et al. (1997). "A human endogenous retroviral superantigen as candidate autoimmune gene in type I diabetes." Cell 90(2): 303-313.

Damjanov I (1993). "Teratocarcinoma: neoplastic lessons about normal embryogenesis." Int J Dev Biol 37(1): 39-46.

Dani C, Smith AG, Dessolin D, et al. (1997). "Differentiation of embryonic stem cells into adipocytes in vitro." J Cell Sci 110(Pt 11): 1279-1285.

de Parseval, N and Heidmann T (1998). "Physiological knockout of the envelope gene of the single-copy ERV-3 human endogenous retrovirus in a fraction of the Caucasian population." J Virol 72(4): 3442-3445.

Deininger PL and Batzer MA (2002). "Mammalian retroelements." Genome Res 12(10): 1455-1465.

Denner J (1987). Immunosuppression by oncigenic retroviridae. In: Modulation of the immune responsivness by infectious agens. Zschiesche W. (ed.) Fischer Verlag, Jena pp140-201.

Denner J, Norley S and Kurth R (1994). "The immunosuppressive peptide of HIV-1: functional domains and immune response in AIDS patients." Aids 8(8): 1063-1072.

Denner J, Phelps RC et al. (1995). "Expression of the human endogenous retrovirus HERV-K in tumor and normal tissue and antibody response in pregnant women, tumor and AIDS patients against HERV-K Gag and Env peptides. " AIDS Research 11 (Suppl.1) 103

Denner J, Persin C, Vogel T, et al. (1996). "The immunosuppressive peptide of HIV-1 inhibits T and B lymphocyte stimulation." J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 12(5): 442-450.

Denner J (1998). "Immunosuppression by retroviruses: implications for xenotransplantation." Ann NY Acad Sci 862: 75-86.

Devash Y, Reagan K, Wood D, et al. (1990). "Antibodies against AIDS proteins." Nature 345(6276): 581.

Doetschman T, Maeda N and Smithies O (1988). "Targeted mutation of the Hprt gene in mouse embryonic stem cells." Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 85(22): 8583-8587.

Eckhart L, Bach J, Ban J, et al. (2000). "Melanin binds reversibly to thermostable DNA polymerase and inhibits its activity." Biochem Biophys Res Commun 271(3): 726-730.

Erdo F, Buhrle C, Blunk J, et al. (2003). "Host-dependent tumorigenesis of embryonic stem cell transplantation in experimental stroke." J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 23(7): 780-785.

Etkind PR, Lumb K, Du J, et al. (1997). "Type 1 HERV-K genome is spliced into subgenomic transcripts in the human breast tumor cell line T47D." Virology 234(2): 304-308.

Evans MJ and Kaufman MH (1981). "Establishment in culture of pluripotential cells from mouse embryos." Nature 292(5819): 154-156.

Ezeh UI, Turek PJ, Reijo RA, et al. (2005). "Human embryonic stem cell genes OCT4, NANOG, STELLAR, and GDF3 are expressed in both seminoma and breast carcinoma." Cancer 104(10): 2255-2265.

Fiebig U, Stephan O, Kurth R, et al. (2003). "Neutralizing antibodies against conserved domains of p15E of porcine endogenous retroviruses: basis for a vaccine for xenotransplantation?" Virology 307(2): 406-413.

Forsman A, Yun Z, Hu L, et al. (2005). "Development of broadly targeted human endogenous gammaretroviral pol-based real-time PCRs Quantitation of RNA expression in human tissues." J Virol Methods 129(1): 16-30.

Franklin GC, Chretien S, Hanson IM, et al. (1988). "Expression of human sequences related to those of mouse mammary tumor virus." J Virol 62(4): 1203-1210.

Fujikawa T, Oh SH, Pi L, et al. (2005). "Teratoma formation leads to failure of treatment for type I diabetes using embryonic stem cell-derived insulin-producing cells." Am J Pathol 166(6): 1781-1791.

Gage FH (2000). "Mammalian neural stem cells." Science 287(5457): 1433-1438.

Galli UM., Sauter M, Lecher B, et al. (2005). "Human endogenous retrovirus rec interferes with germ cell development in mice and may cause carcinoma in situ, the predecessor lesion of germ cell tumors." Oncogene 24(19): 3223-3228 .

Gallo RC (1986). "HTLV: the family of human T-lymphotropic retroviruses and their role in leukemia and AIDS." Med Oncol Tumor Pharmacother 3(3-4): 265-267.

Giambernardi TA, Rodeck U and Klebe RJ (1998). "Bovine serum albumin reverses inhibition of RT-PCR by melanin." Biotechniques 25(4): 564-566.

Gnann JW Jr., Nelson JA and Oldstone MB (1987). "Fine mapping of an immunodominant domain in the transmembrane glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus." J Virol 61(8): 2639-2641.

Graves KH and Moreadith RW (1993). "Derivation and characterization of putative pluripotential embryonic stem cells from preimplantation rabbit embryos." Mol Reprod Dev 36(4): 424-433.

Griffiths DJ (2001). "Endogenous retroviruses in the human genome sequence." Genome Biol 2(6): REVIEWS1017.

Hall PA. and Watt FM (1989). "Stem cells: the generation and maintenance of cellular diversity." Development 106(4): 619-633.

Haraguchi S, Good RA and Day NK (1995a). "Immunosuppressive retroviral peptides: cAMP and cytokine patterns." Immunol Today 16(12): 595-603.

Haraguchi S, Good RA, James-Yarish M, et al. (1995b). "Induction of intracellular cAMP by a synthetic retroviral envelope peptide: a possible mechanism of immunopathogenesis in retroviral infections." Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 92(12): 5568-5571.

Herbst H, Sauter M, Kuhler-Obbarius C, et al. (1998). "Human endogenous retrovirus (HERV)-K transcripts in germ cell and trophoblastic tumours." Apmis 106(1): 216-220.

Herlyn M, Berking C, Li G, et al. (2000). "Lessons from melanocyte development for understanding the biological events in naevus and melanoma formation." Melanoma Res 10(4): 303-312.

Higuchi R, Dollinger G, Walsh PS, et al. (1992). "Simultaneous amplification and detection of specific DNA sequences." Biotechnology (NY) 10(4): 413-417.

Hohenadl C, Germaier H, Walchner M, et al. (1999). "Transcriptional activation of endogenous retroviral sequences in human epidermal keratinocytes by UVB irradiation." J Invest Dermatol 113(4): 587-594.

Hovatta O, Mikkola M, Gertow K, et al. (2003). "A culture system using human foreskin fibroblasts as feeder cells allows production of human embryonic stem cells." Hum Reprod 18(7): 1404-1409.

Hussein MR (2005). "Ultraviolet radiation and skin cancer: molecular mechanisms." J Cutan Pathol 32(3): 191-205.

Hussussian CJ, Struewing JP, Goldstein AM, et al. (1994). "Germline p16 mutations in familial melanoma." Nat Genet 8(1): 15-21.

Iannaccone PM, Taborn GU, Garton RL, et al . (1994). "Pluripotent embryonic stem cells from the rat are capable of producing chimeras." Dev Biol 163(1): 288-292.

Jaiswal N, Haynesworth SE, Caplan AI, et al. (1997). "Osteogenic differentiation of purified, culture-expanded human mesenchymal stem cells in vitro." J Cell Biochem 64(2): 295-312.

Johansen, T, Holm T, Bjorklid E, et al. (1989). "Members of the RTVL-H family of human endogenous retrovirus-like elements are expressed in placenta." Gene 79(2): 2592-67.

Johnston JB., Silva C, Holden J, et al. (2001). "Monocyte activation and differentiation augment human endogenous retrovirus expression: implications for inflammatory brain diseases." Ann Neurol 50(4): 434-442.

Kim D, Gu Y, Ishii M, et al. (2003). "In vivo functioning and transplantable mature pancreatic islet-like cell clusters differentiated from embryonic stem cell." Pancreas 27(2): 34-41.

Kitamura Y, Ayukawa T, Ishikawa T, et al. (1996). "Human endogenous retrovirus K10 encodes a functional integrase." J Virol 70(5): 3302-3306.

Kramer J, Hegert C, Guan K, et al. (2000). "Embryonic stem cell-derived chondrogenic differentiation in vitro: activation by BMP-2 and BMP-4." Mech Dev 92(2): 193-205.

Kuai XL, Cong XQ, Li XL, et al. (2003). "Generation of hepatocytes from cultured mouse embryonic stem cells." Liver Transpl 9(10): 1094-1099.

Laemmli UK, Beguin F and Gujer-Kellenberger G (1970). "A factor preventing the major head protein of bacteriophage T4 from random aggregation." J Mol Biol 47(1): 69-85.

Lander ES, Linton LM, Birren B, et al. (2001). "Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome." Nature 409(6822): 860-921.

Langhammer S, Fiebig U, Kurth R, et al. (2005). "Neutralising antibodies against the transmembrane protein of feline leukaemia virus (FeLV)." Vaccine 23(25): 3341-348.

Larsson E, Andersson AC and Nilsson BO (1994). "Expression of an endogenous retrovirus (ERV3 HERV-R) in human reproductive and embryonic tissues--evidence for a function for envelope gene products." Ups J Med Sci 99(2): 113-120.

Laslett AL, Filipczyk AA, and Pera MF (2003). "Characterization and culture of human embryonic stem cells." Trends Cardiovasc Med 13(7): 295-301.

Lee LG, Connell CR, and Bloch W (1993). "Allelic discrimination by nick-translation PCR with fluorogenic probes." Nucleic Acids Res 21(16): 3761-3766.

Lee JH, Torisu-Itakara H, Cochran AJ, et al. (2005). "Quantitative analysis of melanoma-induced cytokine-mediated immunosuppression in melanoma sentinel nodes." Clin Cancer Res 11(1): 107-112.

Li M, Huang X, Zhu Z, et al. (1999). "Sequence and insertion sites of murine melanoma-associated retrov irus." J Virol 73(11): 9178-9186.

Livak K (1997). Relative Quantification of Gene Expression. Stratagene User Bulletin #2. Stratagene.

Lower R, Lower J, Frank H, et al. (1984). "Human teratocarcinomas cultured in vitro produce unique retrovirus-like viruses." J Gen Virol 65(Pt 5): 887-898.

Lower R, Boller K, Tondera-Koch C, et al. (1993). "Identification of human endogenous retroviruses with complex mRNA expression and particle formation." Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 90(10): 4480-4484.

Lower R, Tonjes RR, Korbmacher C, et al. (1995). "Identification of a Rev-related protein by analysis of spliced transcripts of the human endogenous retroviruses HTDV/HERV-K." J Virol 69(1): 141-149.

Lower R, Lower J and Kurth R (1996). "The viruses in all of us: characteristics and biological significance of human endogenous retrovirus sequences." Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93(11): 5177-5184.

Lower R, Tonjes RR, Boller K, et al . (1998). "Development of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus does not depend on specific expression of the human endogenous retrovirus HERV-K." Cell 95(1): 11-14.

Lower R (1999). "The pathogenic potential of endogenous retroviruses: facts and fantasies." Trends Microbiol 7(9): 350-356.

Lumelsky N, Blondel O, Laeng P, et al. (2001). "Differentiation of embryonic stem cells to insulin-secreting structures similar to pancreatic islets." Science 292(5520): 1389-1394.

Mager DL (1999). "Human endogenous retroviruses and pathogenicity: genomic considerations." Trends Microbiol 7(11): 431

Magin C, Lower R and Lower J (1999). "cORF and RcRE, the Rev/Rex and RRE/RxRE homologues of the human endogenous retrovirus family HTDV/HERV-K." J Virol 73(11): 9496-9507.

Magin C, Hesse J, Lower J, et al. (2000). "Corf, the Rev/Rex homologue of HTDV/HERV-K, encodes an arginine-rich nuclear localization signal that exerts a trans-dominant phenotype when mutated." Virology 274(1): 11-16.

Mangeney M and Heidmann T (1998). "Tumor cells expressing a retroviral envelope escape immune rejection in vivo." Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 95(25): 14920-14925.

Mangeney M, de Parseval N, Thomas G, et al. (2001). "The full-length envelope of an HERV-H human endogenous retrovirus has immunosuppressive properties." J Gen Virol 82(Pt 10): 2515-2518.

Mangeney M, Pothlichet J, Renard M, et al. (2005). "Endogenous retrovirus expression is required for murine melanoma tumor growth in vivo." Cancer Res 65(7): 2588-2591.

Martin GR (1981). "Isolation of a pluripotent cell line from early mouse embryos cultured in medium conditioned by teratocarcinoma stem cells." Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 78(12): 7634-7638.

Mayer J, Sauter M, Racz A, et al. (1999). "An almost-intact human endogenous retrovirus K on human chromosome 7." Nat Genet 21(3): 257-258.

Medstrand P and Blomberg J (1993). "Characterization of novel reverse transcriptase encoding human endogenous retroviral sequences similar to type A and type B retroviruses: differential transcription in normal human tissues. " J. Virol. 67: 6778-6787

Medstrand P and Mager DL (1998). "Human-specific integrations of the HERV-K endogenous retrovirus family." J Virol 72(12): 9782-9787.

Medstrand P, van de Lagemaat LN and Mager DL (2002). "Retroelement distributions in the human genome: variations associated with age and proximity to genes." Genome Res 12(10): 148314-95.

Mi S, Lee X, Li X, et al. (2000). "Syncytin is a captive retroviral envelope protein involved in human placental morphogenesis." Nature 403(6771): 785-789.

Mitalipova M, Calhoun J, Shin S, et al. (2003). "Human embryonic stem cell lines derived from discarded embryos." Stem Cells 21(5): 521-526.

Modrow S, Falke D and Truyen U (2003). In: Molekulare Virologie, Spektrum Akademischer Verlag Heidelberg - Berlin.

Moyes DL, Martin A, Sawcer S, et al. (2005). "The distribution of the endogenous retroviruses HERV-K113 and HERV-K115 in health and disease." Genomics 86(3): 337-341.

Mueller-Lantzsch N, Sauter M, Weiskircher A, et al. (1993). "Human endogenous retroviral element K10 (HERV-K10) encodes a full-length gag homologous 73-kDa protein and a functional protease." AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 9(4): 343-350.

Muster T, Waltenberger A, Grassauer A, et al. (2003). "An endogenous retrovirus derived from human melanoma cells." Cancer Res 63(24): 8735-8741.

Nakagawa K and Harrison LC (1996). "The potential roles of endogenous retroviruses in autoimmunity." Immunol Rev 152: 193-236.

O'Connell C, O'Brien S, Nash WG, et al. (1984). "ERV3, a full-length human endogenous provirus: chromosomal localization and evolutionary relationships." Virology 138(2): 225-235.

Ogasawara H, Naito T, Kaneko H, et al . (2001). "Quantitative analyses of messenger RNA of human endogenous retrovirus in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus." J Rheumatol 28(3): 533-538.

O'Neill RJ, O'Neill MJ and Graves JA (1998). "Undermethylation associated with retroelement activation and chromosome remodelling in an interspecific mammalian hybrid." Nature 393(6680): 68-72.

Ono M, Yasunaga T, Miyata T, et al. (1986). "Nucleotide sequence of human endogenous retrovirus genome related to the mouse mammary tumor virus genome." J Virol 60(2): 589-598.

Ono M, Kawakami M and Ushikubo H (1987). "Stimulation of expression of the human endogenous retrovirus genome by female steroid hormones in human breast cancer cell line T47D." J Virol 61(6): 2059-2062.

Oostendorp RA, Meijer CJ and Scheper RJ (1993). "Immunosuppression by retroviral-envelope-related proteins, and their role in non-retroviral human disease." Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 14(3): 189-206.

Ozel M, Pauli G and Gelderblom HR (1988). "The organization of the envelope projections on the surface of HIV." Arch Virol 100(3-4): 255-266.

Pahwa S, Pahwa R, Saxinger C, et al. (1985). "Influence of the human T-lymphotropic virus/lymphadenopathy-associated virus on functions of human lymphocytes: evidence for immunosuppressive effects and polyclonal B-cell activation by banded viral preparations." Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 82(23): 8198-8202.

Patience C, Takeuchi Y and Weiss RA (1997). "Infection of human cells by an endogenous retrovirus of pigs." Nat Med 3(3): 282-286.

Patzke S, Lindeskog M, Munthe E, et al. (2002). "Characterization of a novel human endogenous retrovirus, HERV-H/F, expressed in human leukemia cell lines." Virology 303(1): 164-173.

Pera MF, Reubinoff B and Trounson A (2000). "Human embryonic stem cells." J Cell Sci 113(Pt 1): 5-10.

Perez RP, Zhang P, Bosserhof AK, et al. (2000). "Expression of melanoma inhibitory activity in melanoma and nonmelanoma tissue specimens." Hum Pathol 31(11): 1381-1388.

Phelps, RC (1997). "Nachweis der mRNA- und Proteinexpression des humanen endogenen Retrovirus HERV-K in menschlichen Geweben und Zelllininen." Dissertation.

Pittenger MF, Mackay AM, Beck SC, et al. (1999). "Multilineage potential of adult human mesenchymal stem cells." Science 284(5411): 143-147.

Polsky D and Cordon-Cardo C (2003). "Oncogenes in melanoma." Oncogene 22(20): 3087-3091.

Posnett DN and Yarilina AA (2001). "Sleeping with the enemy-endogenous superantigens in humans." Immunity 15(4): 503-506.

Price K and Linge C (1999). "The presence of melanin in genomic DNA isolated from pigmented cell lines interferes with successful polymerase chain reaction: a solution." Melanoma Res 9(1): 5-9.

Rambhatla L, Chiu CP, Kundu P, et al. (2003). "Generation of hepatocyte-like cells from human embryonic stem cells." Cell Transplant 12(1): 1-11.

Rasmussen HB, Geny C, Deforges L, et al. (1995). "Expression of endogenous retroviruses in blood mononuclear cells and brain tissue from multiple sclerosis patients." MultScler 1(2): 82-87.

Rath T, Koller R, Deutinger M, et al. (2004). MALIGNES MELANOM DER HAUT, Österreichische Gesellschaft für Chirurgische Onkologie.

Reiss P, Lange JM, de Ronde A, et al. (1990). "Speed of progression to AIDS and degree of antibody response to accessory gene products of HIV-1." J Med Virol 30(3): 163-168.

Reubinoff BE, Pera MF, Fong CY, et al. (2000). "Embryonic stem cell lines from human blastocysts: somatic differentiation in vitro." Nat Biotechnol 18(4): 399-404.

Richards M, Fong CY, Chan K, et al. (2002). "Human feeders support prolonged undifferentiated growth of human inner cell masses and embryonic stem cells." Nat Biotechnol 20(9): 933-936.

Richards M, Tan S, Fong CY, et al. (2003). "Comparative evaluation of various human feeders for prolonged undifferentiated growth of human embryonic stem cells." Stem Cells 21(5): 546-556.

Rippon HJ and Bishop AE (2004). "Embryonic stem cells." Cell Prolif 37(1): 23-34.

Rote NS, Chakrabarti S and Stetzer BP (2004). "The role of human endogenous retroviruses in trophoblast differentiation and placental development." Placenta 25(8-9): 673-683.

Rouzier R, Perou CM, Symmans WF, et al. (2005). "Breast cancer molecular subtypes respond differently to preoperative chemotherapy." Clin Cancer Res 11(16): 5678-5685.

Sanger F, Nicklen S and Coulson AR (1977). "DNA sequencing with chain-terminating inhibitors." Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 74(12): 5463-5467.

Sauter MM, Pelchen-Matthews A, Bron R, et al. (1996). "An internalization signal in the simian immunodeficiency virus transmembrane protein cytoplasmic domain modulates expression of envelope glycoproteins on the cell surface." J Cell Biol 132(5): 795-811.

Schagger H, Aquila H and Von Jagow G (1988). "Coomassie blue-sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis for direct visualization of polypeptides during electrophoresis." Anal Biochem 173(1): 201-205.

Schiavetti F, Thonnard J, Colau D, et al. (2002). "A human endogenous retroviral sequence encoding an antigen recognized on melanoma by cytolytic T lymphocytes." Cancer Res 62(19): 5510-5516.

Schommer S, Sauter M, Krausslich HG, et al. (1996). "Characterization of the human endogenous retrovirus K proteinase." J Gen Virol 77(Pt 2): 375-379.

Seifarth W, Baust C, Murr A, et al . (1998). "Proviral structure, chromosomal location, and expression of HERV-K-T47D, a novel human endogenous retrovirus derived from T47D particles." J Virol 72(10): 8384-8391.

Seo N, Hayakawa S, Takigawa M, et al. (2001). "Interleukin-10 expressed at early tumour sites induces subsequent generation of CD4(+) T-regulatory cells and systemic collapse of antitumour immunity." Immunology 103(4): 449-457.

Shaknovich R, Yeyati PL, Ivins S, et al. (1998). "The promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger protein affects myeloid cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis." Mol Cell Biol 18(9): 5533-5545.

Shiroma T, Sugimoto J, Oda T, et al. (2001). "Search for active endogenous retroviruses: identification and characterization of a HERV-E gene that is expressed in the pancreas and thyroid." J Hum Genet 46(11): 619-625.

Sibata M, IkedaH , Katumata K, et al. (1997). "Human endogenous retroviruses: expression in various organs in vivo and its regulation in vitro." Leukemia 11(Suppl 3): 145-146.

Simpson GR, Patience C, Lower R, et al. (1996). "Endogenous D-type (HERV-K) related sequences are packaged into retroviral particles in the placenta and possess open reading frames for reverse transcriptase." Virology 222(2): 451-456.

Smith EP, Sadler TW, D´Ercole AJ, et al. (1987). "Somatomedins/insulin-like growth factors, their receptors and binding proteins are present during mouse embryogenesis." Development 101(1): 73-82.

Soukas A, Socci ND, Saatkamp AD, et al. (2001). "Distinct transcriptional profiles of adipogenesis in vivo and in vitro." J Biol Chem 276(36): 34167-34174.

Specke V, Rubant S And Denner J (2001). "Productive infection of human primary cells and cell lines with porcine endogenous retroviruses." Virology 285(2): 177-180.

Stahlberg A, Hakansson J, Xian X, et al. (2004). "Properties of the reverse transcription reaction in mRNA quantification." Clin Chem 50(3): 509-515.

Stauffer Y, Marguerat S, Meylan F, et al. (2001). "Interferon-alpha-induced endogenous superantigen. a model linking environment and autoimmunity." Immunity 15(4): 591-601.

Stauffer Y, Theiler G, Sperisen P, et al. (2004). "Digital expression profiles of human endogenous retroviral families in normal and cancerous tissues." Cancer Immun 4: 2.

Stavridis MP and Smith AG (2003). "Neural differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells." Biochem Soc Trans 31(Pt 1): 45-49.

Steinbrink K, Jonuleit H, Muller G, et al . (1999). "Interleukin-10-treated human dendritic cells induce a melanoma-antigen-specific anergy in CD8(+) T cells resulting in a failure to lyse tumor cells." Blood 93(5): 1634-1642.

Steinbrink K, Graulich E, Kubsch S, et al. (2002). "CD4(+) and CD8(+) anergic T cells induced by interleukin-10-treated human dendritic cells display antigen-specific suppressor activity." Blood 99(7): 2468-2476.

Stoye JP and Coffin JM (1985 ). Endogenous Retroviruses. In: RNA tumor viruses. R. Weiss, N. Teich, H. E. Varmus and J. M. Coffin. NY, Cold Spring Harbour Lab. Press: pp357-404.

Sugimoto J, Matsuura N, Kinja Y, et al. (2001). "Transcriptionally active HERV-K genes: identification, isolation, and chromosomal mapping." Genomics 72(2): 137-144.

Tacke SJ, Kurth R and Denner J (2000). "Porcine endogenous retroviruses inhibit human immune cell function: risk for xenotransplantation?" Virology 268(1): 87-93.

Takahashi A, Day NK, Luangwedchakarn V, et al. (2001). "A retroviral-derived immunosuppressive peptide activates mitogen-activated protein kinases." J Immunol 166(11): 6771-6775.

Teramoto K, Hara Y, Kumashiro Y, et al. (2005). "Teratoma formation and hepatocyte differentiation in mouse liver transplanted with mouse embryonic stem cell-derived embryoid bodies." Transplant Proc 37(1): 285-286.

Thomson JA, Kalishman J, Golos G, et al. (1996). "Pluripotent cell lines derived from common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) blastocysts." Biol Reprod 55(2): 254-259.

Thomson JA, Marshall VS and Tronjanowski JQ (1998a). "Neural differentiation of rhesus embryonic stem cells." Apmis 106(1): 149-156.

Thomson JA, Itskovitz-Eldor J, Shapiro SS, et al. (1998b). "Embryonic stem cell lines derived from human blastocysts." Science 282(5391): 1145-1147.

Tonjes RR, Lower R, Boller K, et al. (1996). "HERV-K: the biologically most active human endogenous retrovirus family." J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 13(Suppl 1): S261-267.

Tonjes RR, Czauderna F and Kurth R (1999). "Genome-wide screening, cloning, chromosomal assignment, and expression of full-length human endogenous retrovirus type K." J Virol 73(11): 9187-9195.

Tricarico C, Pinzani P, Bianchi S, et al . (2002). "Quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction: normalization to rRNA or single housekeeping genes is inappropriate for human tissue biopsies." Anal Biochem 309(2): 293-300.

Turner G, Barbulescu M, Su M, et al. (2001). "Insertional polymorphisms of full-length endogenous retroviruses in humans." Curr Biol 11(19): 1531-1535.

Urnovitz HB and Murphy WH (1996). "Human endogenous retroviruses: nature, occurrence, and clinical implications in human disease." Clin Microbiol Rev 9(1): 72-99.

Vandesompele J, De Preter K, Pattyn F, et al. (2002). "Accurate normalization of real-time quantitative RT-PCR data by geometric averaging of multiple internal control genes." Genome Biol 3(7): RESEARCH0034.

Venter JC, Adams MD, Myers EW, et al. (2001). "The sequence of the human genome." Science 291(5507): 1304-1351.

Vogt PK (1997a). Historical Introduction to the General Properties of Retroviruses. In: Retroviruses. J. M. Coffin, S. H. Hughes and H. E. Varmus. NY, Cold Spring Habour Lab. Press: pp1-26.

Vogt VM (1997b). Retroviral Virions and Genomes. In: Retroviruses. J. M. Coffin, S. H. Hughes and H. E. Varmus. NY, Cold Spring Habour Lab. Press: pp27-70.

Wakitani S, Takaoka K, Hattori T, et al. (2003). "Embryonic stem cells injected into the mouse knee joint form teratomas and subsequently destroy the joint." Rheumatology (Oxford) 42(1): 162-165.

Wang-Johanning F, Frost AR, Johanning GL, et al . (2001). "Expression of human endogenous retrovirus k envelope transcripts in human breast cancer." Clin Cancer Res 7(6): 1553-60.

Wang-Johanning F, Frost AR, Jian B, et al. (2003). "Quantitation of HERV-K env gene expression and splicing in human breast cancer." Oncogene 22(10): 1528-1535.

Weinstock, M. A. (1998). "Issues in the epidemiology of melanoma." Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 12(4): 681-968.

Whiteman DC, Whiteman CA and Green AC (2001). "Childhood sun exposure as a risk factor for melanoma: a systematic review of epidemiologic studies." Cancer Causes Control 12(1): 69-82.

Wilkinson DA, Mager DL and Leong JA (1994). Endogenous Human Retroviruses. In: The Retroviridae. J. A. Levy. NY, USA, Plenum Press: pp465-535.

Wobus AM, Guan K and Pich U (2001). "In vitro differentiation of embryonic stem cells and analysis of cellular phenotypes." Methods Mol Biol 158: 263-286.

Yamashita J, Itoh H, Hirashima M, et al. (2000). "Flk1-positive cells derived from embryonic stem cells serve as vascular progenitors." Nature 408(6808): 92-96.

Yang J, Bogerd HP, Peng S, et al. (1999). "An ancient family of human endogenous retroviruses encodes a functional homolog of the HIV-1 Rev protein." Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96(23): 13404-13408.

Yi JM, Kim HM, Lee WH, et al. (2002). "Molecular cloning and phylogenetic analysis of new human endogenous retrovirus HERV-W family in cancer cells." Curr Microbiol 44(3): 216-220.

Zuo L, Weger J, Yang Q, et al. (1996). "Germline mutations in the p16INK4a binding domain of CDK4 in familial melanoma." Nat Genet 12(1): 97-99.

© Die inhaltliche Zusammenstellung und Aufmachung dieser Publikation sowie die elektronische Verarbeitung sind urheberrechtlich geschützt. Jede Verwertung, die nicht ausdrücklich vom Urheberrechtsgesetz zugelassen ist, bedarf der vorherigen Zustimmung. Das gilt insbesondere für die Vervielfältigung, die Bearbeitung und Einspeicherung und Verarbeitung in elektronische Systeme.
DiML DTD Version 4.0Zertifizierter Dokumentenserver
der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
HTML-Version erstellt am: