Appendices

Figure A1:Block design with four replications (early varieties, year 2002)

Figure A2: Block design with four replications (mid-early varieties, year 2002)

Figure A3:Block design with four replications (early varieties, year 2003)

Figure A4:Block design with four replications (mid-early varieties, year 2003)

Table A1:Yield and quality parameters of silage maize of maturity group early in regional variety trial of Brandenburg in year 2002 at location Berge (Harvest: 03.09.2002)

  

Variety

Silage maturity number

Dry matter yield

Dry matter content

Starch content

Energy content

Starch yield

Energy yield

    

dt ha -1

%

%

MJ NEL kg -1

dt ha -1

GJ NEL ha -1

1

X

Tassilo

S 200

167.9

36.6

35.2

6.73

59.0

112.9

2

X

Symphony

S 220

175.0

32.8

33.2

6.50

57.8

113.7

3

 

Pernel

S 190

177.2

36.2

34.4

6.64

61.0

117.7

4

X

Diplomat

S 210

190.4

36.0

34.2

6.69

64.9

127.3

5

X

Sagitta

S 210

169.8

34.5

38.6

6.68

65.3

113.2

6

 

Ravenna

S 210

168.1

37.3

39.2

6.68

65.9

112.2

7

 

Talman

S 210

180.9

35.4

34.7

6.52

62.7

117.9

8

 

Early Star

S 220

171.3

33.9

37.6

6.55

64.5

112.3

9

 

PR39P49

S 220

166.7

33.5

37.5

6.71

62.5

111.9

10

 

Nescio

S 220

186.0

33.3

36.9

6.64

68.7

123.5

11

 

Baxxos

S 210

184.4

36.7

37.9

6.66

70.1

122.9

12

 

Campesino

S 210

162.3

33.5

26.4

5.95

43.1

96.6

13

 

Viborg

S 210

177.2

35.3

32.3

6.30

57.1

111.6

14

 

Cascadas

S 220

183.0

33.4

38.9

6.48

71.3

118.6

15

 

Franz

S 220

177.9

34.1

30.7

6.30

54.7

112.1

16

 

Limit

S 220

170.8

31.6

34.0

6.36

58.1

108.6

17

 

Osorno

S 220

173.8

36.4

35.8

6.61

61.9

114.8

18

 

PR39H32

S 220

175.2

30.3

35.4

6.31

61.8

110.5

19

 

Ambros

S 220

186.7

34.9

33.4

6.67

62.4

124.4

20

 

PR39G12

ca. S 220

185.3

31.7

31.1

6.44

57.6

119.4

 

X

average

 

175.8

35.0

35.3

6.65

61.8

116.8

  

average

 

176.5

34.4

34.9

6.52

61.5

115.1

LSD (α = 0.05)

 

10.6

1.5

3.4

0.20

6.4

7.6

  

X = Check variety
LSD = Least significant difference of t-test

Table A2:Yield and quality parameters of silage maize of mid-early maturity group in regional variety trial of Brandenburg in year 2002 at location Berge (Harvest: 09.09.2002)

  

Variety

Silage maturity number

Dry matter yield

Dry matter content

Starch content

Energy content

Starch yield

Energy yield

    

dt ha-1

%

%

MJ NEL kg-1

dt ha-1

GJ NEL ha-1

1

X

Probat

S 230

177.5

38.1

38.7

6.62

68.8

117.5

2

X

Fjord

S 240

182.3

40.6

36.6

6.74

66.6

122.7

3

X

Romario

ca. S 240

184.2

37.5

38.3

6.69

70.6

123.2

4

X

Eurostar

ca. S 240

199.2

37.1

38.1

6.64

76.0

132.3

5

X

Effekt

S 240

177.6

37.2

37.7

6.74

66.9

119.5

6

X

Rivaldo

S 240

180.0

37.6

37.8

6.66

67.8

119.9

7

 

Acapulco

S 230

188.1

36.5

38.9

6.65

73.1

124.9

8

 

Topper

S 230

180.8

39.2

41.8

6.85

75.5

123.7

9

 

LG3226

S 240

192.2

39.0

40.1

6.75

77.1

129.7

10

 

Veritis

S 240

186.3

37.5

35.6

6.50

66.2

120.8

11

 

Sandrina

S 250

186.2

35.1

33.6

6.38

62.5

118.8

12

 

Andino

S 230

182.0

41.1

37.8

6.54

68.9

119.1

13

 

Cingaro

S 230

149.9

36.7

28.2

6.05

42.5

90.9

14

 

Joxxal

S 230

175.9

37.9

36.0

6.44

63.4

113.2

15

 

Lacta

S 230

176.2

40.2

39.8

6.64

70.1

117.0

16

 

Milagro

S 230

189.8

40.6

39.3

6.75

74.6

128.0

17

 

Montello

S 230

175.4

38.6

38.3

6.58

67.0

115.4

18

 

Energystar

S 240

179.4

38.5

38.1

6.62

68.3

118.6

19

 

PR39B50

S 240

184.2

37.5

40.6

6.81

74.8

125.5

20

 

Pontos

S 250

172.3

37.9

37.6

6.59

64.7

113.3

21

 

Sampaio

S 230

180.4

41.6

35.9

6.53

64.7

117.7

22

 

Flavi

S 250

193.5

34.3

37.5

6.73

72.6

130.1

 

X

average

 

183.5

38.0

37.9

6.68

69.5

122.5

  

average

 

181.5

38.2

37.6

6.61

68.3

120.1

LSD (α = 0.05)

 

10.9

2.2

2.9

0.19

6.8

7.9

  

X = Check varietyLSD = Least significant difference of t-test

Table A3:Yield and quality parameters of selected recommended silage maize varieties for Brandenburg area in year 2002 at location Berge

 

Variety

Silage maturity number

Dry matter yield

Dry matter content

Starch content

Energy content

Starch yield

Energy yield

   

dt ha-1

%

%

MJ NEL kg-1

dt ha-1

GJ NEL ha-1

Silage maturity numbers S 180 to S 220 (early)

         

X

Arsenal

S 210

169.1

38.1

36.8

6.77

62.3

114.5

X

Justina

S 210

165.4

35.6

32.4

6.56

53.6

108.6

X

Symphony

S 220

175.3

34.0

32.3

6.28

56.6

110.1

X

Dono

S 220

168.4

36.2

33.5

6.65

56.3

112.0

X

Monitor

S 220

170.4

36.3

28.5

6.59

48.5

112.2

X

Pedro

S 220

172.3

33.8

29.2

6.45

50.2

111.2

X

Oldham

S 220

174.0

41.4

37.2

6.63

64.6

115.3

X

average

 

170.7

36.5

32.8

6.56

56.0

112.0

Silage maturity numbers S 230 to S 250 (mid-early)

         
 

Probat

S 230

163.8

36.0

36.6

6.74

60.0

110.4

 
 

Caballero

S 240

157.0

35.5

37.0

6.64

58.0

104.2

 
 

Domenico

S 240

172.4

34.1

33.0

6.58

56.9

113.5

 
 

Banguy

ca. S 240

143.2

34.9

31.1

6.68

44.6

95.7

 
 

Magister

S 250

183.4

32.3

32.5

6.52

59.6

119.6

 

average (maturity group)

164.0

34.6

34.0

6.63

55.8

108.7

   

Silage maturity numbers S 260 to S 280 (mid-late)

         
 

Liberal

S 260

166.8

32.4

31.6

6.64

52.8

110.8

 
 

Prestige

S 260

206.7

34.9

30.5

6.15

63.1

127.1

 
 

Atalante

S 280

204.0

33.6

33.7

6.56

68.7

133.7

 

average (maturity group)

192.5

33.6

31.9

6.5

61.5

123.9

   

FAO 750

 

148.6

24.6

8.6

5.9

12.9

88.1

Table A4:Yield and quality parameters of silage maize of early maturity group in regional variety trial of Brandenburg in year 2003 at location Berge (harvest: 15.08.2003)

  

Variety

Silage maturity number

Dry matter yield

Dry matter content

Starch content

Energy content

Starch yield

Energy yield

    

dt ha -1

%

%

MJ NEL kg -1

dt ha -1

GJ NEL ha -1

1

X

Pernel

S 190

111.5

38.95

25.52

5.72

28.6

63.9

2

X

Tassilo

S 200

105.7

43.45

34.71

6.26

36.8

66.2

3

X

Symphony

S 220

100.1

38.58

28.61

5.82

28.6

58.2

4

X

Ravenna

S 210

99.7

40.95

34.91

6.22

34.9

62.0

5

X

Talman

S 210

103.9

43.13

34.32

6.18

35.8

64.2

6

X

Early Star

S 220

100.3

38.60

27.08

5.82

27.2

58.4

7

 

Baxxos

S 210

101.3

37.85

21.70

5.68

22.0

57.6

8

 

Cascadas

S 220

107.0

35.92

24.50

5.46

26.2

58.5

9

 

Nescio

S 220

113.1

41.70

36.08

6.41

40.8

72.4

10

 

PR39H32

S 220

99.1

34.60

21.28

5.57

21.2

55.0

11

 

Constantino

S 210

107.9

35.30

18.02

5.34

19.4

57.5

12

 

Spider

S 210

106.5

38.60

22.25

5.47

23.8

58.3

13

 

Aurelia

S 220

105.5

39.68

27.15

5.75

28.7

60.7

14

 

Delitop

S 220

117.6

40.80

30.91

6.07

36.3

71.3

15

X

Ambros

S 220

117.7

39.12

27.34

5.94

32.2

70.0

16

X

PR39G12

ca. S 220

104.7

38.82

29.77

5.89

31.4

61.8

17

 

Mikis

S 210

90.1

40.77

27.55

5.99

25.3

54.2

18

X

PR39P49

S 220

98.7

40.45

29.70

6.07

29.3

60.0

 

X

average

 

104.7

40.23

30.22

5.99

31.6

62.7

  

average

 

105.0

39.29

27.85

5.87

29.3

61.7

LSD (α = 0.05)

10.0

2.68

4.69

0.28

6.3

6.7

   

X = Check variety
LSD = Least significant difference of t-test

Table A5:Yield and quality parameters of silage maize of mid-early maturity group in regional variety trial of Brandenburg in year 2003 at location Berge (harvest: 23.08.2003)

  

Variety

Silage maturity number

Dry matter yield

Dry matter content

Starch content

Energy content

Starch yield

Energy yield

    

dt ha -1

%

%

MJ NEL kg -1

dt ha -1

GJ NEL ha -1

1

X

LG3226

S 240

135.5

47.80

31.26

5.99

42.4

81.1

2

X

Rivaldo

S 240

122.0

39.80

29.15

5.86

35.6

71.5

3

X

Sandrina

S 250

123.2

42.85

30.72

5.86

37.8

72.2

4

X

Acapulco

S 230

132.3

41.85

35.58

6.19

47.2

82.0

5

X

Topper

S 230

117.1

46.20

32.65

6.01

38.4

70.4

6

 

Joxxal

S 230

115.8

48.40

27.55

5.61

31.9

65.0

7

 

Lacta

S 230

134.4

44.50

34.71

6.10

46.7

82.0

8

 

Milagro

S 230

129.9

43.45

26.89

5.63

34.8

73.1

9

 

Montello

S 230

124.4

45.63

30.37

5.89

37.8

73.3

10

 

Energystar

S 240

127.0

43.15

31.82

5.97

40.6

76.0

11

 

PR39B50

S 240

118.0

47.20

33.25

6.03

39.2

71.1

12

 

Pontos

S 250

131.9

42.35

33.07

6.07

43.6

80.0

13

 

Coxximo

S 230

132.7

45.23

33.13

6.09

44.1

80.9

14

 

DK 231

S 230

115.8

44.60

29.94

5.75

34.7

66.6

15

 

DK 247

S 240

114.8

44.10

32.35

6.01

37.3

69.0

16

 

Korneli

S 240

125.1

43.48

31.30

5.95

39.2

74.4

17

 

LG3232

S 240

132.1

48.38

32.32

6.08

42.6

80.3

18

 

Positive

S 240

118.4

45.00

31.01

5.79

37.0

68.8

19

 

Sileno

S 240

119.3

43.00

31.12

5.85

37.2

69.9

20

 

Argentera

S 250

126.2

40.68

32.39

6.08

41.0

76.8

21

 

Arobase

S 250

135.7

41.88

31.42

5.96

42.7

81.0

22

 

Hexxer

S 250

126.5

40.80

30.61

6.04

38.5

76.2

23

 

PR39V62

S 250

126.9

40.73

35.04

6.20

44.4

78.7

24

 

Andino

S 230

122.1

42.63

30.06

5.77

36.7

70.4

25

X

Flavi

S 250

128.4

36.48

25.27

5.90

32.5

75.8

 

X

average

 

126.4

42.50

30.77

5.97

39.0

75.5

  

average

 

125.4

43.61

31.32

5.95

39.4

74.7

LSD (α = 0.05)

 

10.2

2.04

3.40

0.24

5.9

7.3

  

X = Check variety
LSD = Least significant difference of t-test (α=5 %)

Table A6:Yield and quality parameter of the recommended silage maize varieties for Brandenburg area (according to variety advisory for silage maize 2001 and 2002) in year 2003 at location Berge

 

Variety

Silage maturity number

Dry matter yield

Dry matter content

Starch content

Energy content

Starch yield

Energy yield

   

dt ha -1

%

%

MJ NEL kg -1

dt ha -1

GJ NEL ha -1

Silage maturity numbers S 180 to S 220 (early)

X

Arsenal

S 210

97.12

37.48

21.33

5.67

20.7

55.1

 

Diplomat

S 210

106.57

39.53

21.20

5.41

22.6

57.7

 

Baxxos

S 210

101.30

37.85

21.69

5.68

22.0

57.6

X

Justina

S 210

104.44

45.04

37.01

6.35

38.7

66.3

 

Ravenna

S 210

99.70

40.95

34.91

6.22

34.8

62.0

 

Sagitta

S 210

96.19

41.54

32.18

6.13

31.0

59.0

 

Talman

S 210

103.90

43.13

34.32

6.18

35.8

64.2

 

Ambros

S 220

117.70

39.12

27.34

5.94

32.2

70.0

 

Cascadas

S 220

107.00

35.92

24.50

5.46

26.2

58.5

X

Symphony

S 220

100.10

38.58

28.61

5.82

28.5

58.2

X

Monitor

S 220

121.57

40.01

25.79

5.67

31.4

68.9

 

Nescio

S 220

105.80

39.93

25.27

5.90

32.5

75.8

X

Pedro

S 220

130.29

41.87

21.92

5.60

28.6

73.0

X

Oldham

S 220

105.65

37.43

31.06

5.93

32.8

62.6

 

average

 

106.95

39.88

27.65

5.85

29.8

63.5

X

average

 

109.86

40.07

27.62

5.84

30.1

64.0

Silage maturity numbers S 230 to S 250 (mid-early)

 

Acapulco

S 230

132.30

41.85

35.58

6.19

47.2

82.0

X

Probat

S 230

89.17

38.27

20.16

5.45

18.0

48.6

x

Topper

S 230

117.10

46.20

32.65

6.01

38.4

70.4

X

Caballero

S 240

101.10

35.58

19.83

5.32

20.0

53.8

X

Domenico

S 240

107.32

37.83

23.09

5.43

24.8

58.3

 

Effekt

S 240

110.56

38.97

26.30

5.62

29.1

62.2

 

Eurostar

S 240

92.18

34.84

17.64

5.37

16.3

49.5

 

Romario

S 240

109.97

32.18

16.91

5.28

18.6

58.0

 

LG3226

S 240

135.50

47.80

31.26

5.99

42.4

81.1

X

Banguy

ca. S 240

91.57

38.37

24.32

5.55

22.3

50.8

x

PR39B50

S 240

118.00

47.20

33.25

6.03

39.2

71.1

X

Magister

S 250

113.36

35.38

20.58

5.33

23.3

60.4

 

Pontos

S 250

131.90

42.35

33.07

6.07

43.6

80.0

 

Flavi

S 250

128.40

36.48

25.27

5.90

32.5

75.8

 

average

 

112.75

39.52

25.71

5.68

29.7

64.4

X

average

 

105.37

39.83

24.84

5.59

26.6

59.1

Silage maturity numbers S 260 to S 280 (mid-late)

 

Liberal

S 260

105.93

32.91

15.24

5.35

16.1

56.6

 

Prestige

S 260

80.73

32.69

17.80

5.51

14.4

44.5

 

average

       

FAO 750

 

96.45

23.31

2.00

4.67

1.9

45.1

X =Variety, that was tested in years 2002 and 2003 (Core varieties)

Table A7:Yield and quality parameters of silage maize of early maturity group in regional variety trial of Brandenburg in year 2004 at location Berge (harvest: 06.09.2004)

  

Variety

Silage maturity number

Dry matter yield

Dry matter content

Starch content

Energy content

Starch yield

Energy yield

    

dt ha -1

%

%

MJ NEL kg -1

dt ha -1

GJ NEL ha -1

1

X

Tassilo

S 200

154.0

30.3

30.9

6.40

47.6

98.6

2

 

Delitop

S 220

169.8

28.1

29.3

6.29

49.8

106.8

3

 

Apostrof

S 200

161.2

30.0

30.8

6.31

49.8

101.8

4

X

Baxxos

S 210

159.5

30.0

30.4

6.33

48.5

101.0

5

X

Nescio

S 220

160.4

27.7

33.3

6.46

53.5

103.6

6

 

Constantino

S 210

176.7

29.8

27.8

6.20

49.1

109.4

7

 

Amati

S 210

156.1

29.4

31.4

6.35

49.1

99.2

8

 

Auxxel

S 210

157.3

31.2

28.5

6.18

44.7

97.0

9

 

ES Arktis

S 210

168.7

29.9

31.1

6.16

52.4

103.9

10

 

Expert

S 210

178.9

31.1

29.7

6.20

53.1

110.9

11

 

Schiffer

S 210

165.3

28.0

32.9

6.42

54.4

106.2

12

 

Silas

S 210

171.2

29.4

34.1

6.41

58.4

109.8

13

 

Amadeo

S 220

179.2

28.4

32.4

6.38

58.1

114.3

14

 

Aurelia

S 220

182.3

31.1

27.7

6.20

50.4

113.0

15

 

LG3197

S 220

170.4

29.1

30.1

6.35

51.5

108.3

16

 

Spider

S 210

158.0

28.6

28.7

6.18

45.4

97.7

 

X

average

 

158.0

29.3

31.5

6.40

49.9

101.1

  

average

 

166.8

29.5

30.6

6.30

51.0

105.1

LSD (α=0,05)

 

12.9

1.4

2.9

0.19

6.7

9.2

  

X = Check variety
LSD = Lowest significant difference of t-test

Table A8:Yield and quality parameters of silage maize of mid-early maturity group in regional variety trial of Brandenburg in year 2004 at location Berge (Harvest: 13.09.2004)

  

Variety

Silage maturity number

Dry matter yield

Dry matter content

Starch content

Energy content

Starch yield

Energy yield

    

dt ha -1

%

%

MJ NEL kg -1

dt ha -1

GJ NEL ha -1

1

X

Rivaldo

S 240

175.2

31.5

31.7

6.40

55.6

112.1

2

X

LG3226

S 240

177.1

31.5

31.6

6.36

55.9

112.6

3

 

Sileno

S 240

183.0

31.0

31.7

6.30

58.1

115.1

4

X

Topper

S 230

176.6

32.2

34.8

6.37

61.4

112.4

5

X

Lacta

S 230

185.1

34.2

33.2

6.17

61.7

114.3

6

X

PR39B50

S 240

175.8

31.4

35.4

6.40

62.2

112.4

7

 

Coxximo

S 230

184.5

32.7

28.4

6.03

52.4

111.3

8

 

DK 231

S 230

186.0

33.9

28.8

6.06

53.6

112.9

9

 

DK 247

S 240

187.0

32.9

32.0

6.14

59.7

114.8

10

 

LG3232

S 240

192.4

33.5

30.4

6.24

58.6

120.2

11

 

Argentera

S 250

177.9

29.9

28.0

6.15

49.9

109.4

12

 

Arobase

S 250

182.5

31.2

28.5

5.95

52.0

108.5

13

 

Hexxer

S 250

176.4

32.4

31.8

6.35

56.4

112.1

14

 

PR39V62

S 250

185.1

30.8

29.3

6.38

54.2

118.2

15

 

DKc2949

S 230

178.3

32.9

32.5

6.46

58.1

115.1

16

 

ES Limes

S 230

188.4

33.3

30.1

6.32

56.5

119.0

17

 

Goldosse

S 230

191.4

32.7

30.8

6.22

58.8

119.1

18

 

Agro Max

S 240

204.9

32.5

28.2

6.28

57.9

128.7

19

 

Deltastar

S 240

181.3

31.6

33.3

6.32

60.4

114.6

20

 

Nathan

S 240

204.1

31.8

28.6

6.42

58.5

131.1

21

 

PR39A98

S 240

184.2

32.3

32.9

6.35

60.5

116.8

22

 

Glinka

S 250

189.1

30.4

32.4

6.31

61.1

119.4

23

 

Maibi

S 250

198.1

32.0

31.6

6.35

62.5

125.7

24

 

NKLugan

S 250

195.6

29.7

27.7

6.16

54.2

120.4

25

X

Pontos

S 250

189.5

32.1

30.4

6.29

57.6

119.2

 

X

average

 

179.9

32.1

32.9

6.33

59.1

113.8

  

average

 

186.0

32.0

31.0

6.27

57.5

116.6

LSD (α=0,05)

 

15.0

1.4

3.2

0.23

7.8

10.9

  

X = Check variety
AM = arithmetic mean
LSD = Least sign difference of t-tests (α=5 %)

Table A9:Yield and quality parameter of the recommended silage maize varieties for Brandenburg area (according to variety advisory for silage maize 2003 and 2004) in year 2004 at location Berge

Variety

Silage maturity number

Dry matter yield

Dry matter content

Starch content

Energy content

Starch yield

Energy yield

 
  

dt ha -1

%

%

MJ NEL kg -1

dt ha -1

GJ NEL ha -1

 

Silage maturity numbers S 180 to S 220 (early)

         

Arsenal

S 210

172.5

287

29.72

6.19

51.3

106.7

 

Justina

S 210

146.7

261

33.14

6.40

48.6

93.9

 

Nescio

S 220

158.2

285

32.81

6.45

51.9

102.0

 

Oldham

S 220

168.4

277

36.73

6.60

61.9

111.2

 

PR39P49

S 220

158.9

270

28.34

6.16

45.0

97.9

 

Ravenna

S 210

166.8

310

37.50

6.64

62.6

110.8

 

Sagitta

S 210

146.0

257

39.07

6.71

57.0

97.9

 

Symphony

S 220

170.5

294

33.06

6.32

56.4

107.7

 

Talman

S 210

163.5

294

32.87

6.43

53.7

105.1

 

Ambros

S 220

161.4

269

27.00

6.15

43.6

99.3

 

Diplomat

S 210

161.6

294

31.20

6.43

50.4

103.9

 

PR39G12

S 220

168.6

262

35.90

6.51

60.5

109.7

 

average

 

161.9

280

33.11

6.41

53.6

103.8

 

Silage maturity numbers S 230 to S 250 (mid-early)

         

Banguy

S 240

188.6

307

27.39

6.54

51.7

123.3

 

LG3226

S 240

195.0

317

32.75

6.80

63.9

132.6

 

Acapulco

S 230

189.4

297

29.16

6.43

55.2

121.8

 

Romario

S 240

191.7

315

29.38

6.57

56.3

126.0

 

Eurostar

S 240

188.8

304

29.43

6.56

55.6

123.8

 

Effekt

S 240

190.8

294

29.07

6.49

55.5

123.8

 

Magister

S 250

180.2

269

26.28

6.52

47.4

117.5

 

Topper

S 230

177.5

317

34.41

6.79

61.1

120.6

 

Probat

S 230

165.4

289

29.74

6.51

49.2

107.6

 

Caballero

S 240

171.6

292

34.05

6.69

58.4

114.8

 

Pontos

S 250

164.9

279

31.71

6.53

52.3

107.7

 

PR39B50

S 240

193.1

300

31.54

6.61

60.9

127.7

 

Lacta

S 230

173.5

309

30.89

6.38

53.6

110.7

 

Flavi

S 250

190.1

273

25.59

6.48

48.6

123.2

 

average

 

182.9

297

30.10

6.56

55.0

120.1

 

Silage maturity numbers S 260 to S 280 (mid-late)

         

Liberal

S 260

191.3

272

22.57

6.38

43.2

122.1

 

Prestige

ca. S 260

184.9

294

24.41

6.28

45.1

116.1

 

Monumental

S 260

185.1

295

28.31

6.75

52.4

125.0

 

average

AM

187.1

287

25.10

6.47

46.9

121.1

 

X = Variety, that was tested in years 2002 and 2003 (Core varieties) AM = arithmetic mean (maturity group)

Table A10:Leaf area index of early maturity group using LAI 2000

Variety

Date

 

22.07.02

31.07.02

07.08.02

15.08.02

X Tassilo

2.82

2.90

3.16

3.10

X Symphony

3.53

3.73

3.91

3.95

Pernel

3.13

3.21

3.39

3.45

X Diplomat

3.13

3.22

3.40

3.51

X Sagitta

2.54

3.53

3.67

3.70

Ravenna

2.93

3.03

3.21

3.28

Talman

3.27

3.55

3.61

3.46

Early Star

3.18

3.20

3.42

3.43

PR39P49

3.13

3.12

3.42

3.53

Nescio

3.38

3.41

3.48

3.72

Baxxos

3.10

3.09

3.37

3.41

Campesino

2.99

3.16

3.31

3.41

Viborg

3.08

3.13

3.28

3.27

Cascadas

3.15

3.25

3.35

3.45

Franz

3.37

3.32

3.68

3.68

Limit

3.46

3.51

3.76

3.90

Osorno

3.22

3.26

3.49

3.37

PR39H32

3.31

3.33

3.56

3.88

Ambros

3.23

3.24

3.58

3.64

PR39G12

3.17

3.28

3.50

3.47

X Average

3.26

3.35

3.53

3.57

Average (n = 20)

3.21

3.27

3.48

3.53

LSD (α =5 %)

0.28

0.27

0.30

0.32

Table A11:Leaf area index of check varieties using LAI 2000

Variety

Date

 

22.07.02

31.07.02

07.08.02

15.08.02

Arsenal

3.4

3.3

3.0

2.8

Banguy

3.3

2.9

2.7

2.6

Caballero

3.1

3.6

3.2

3.1

Domenico

3.3

3.2

3.0

3.0

Dono

3.4

3.3

3.3

3.2

Justina

3.7

3.2

2.8

2.9

Magister

3.6

3.4

3.6

3.4

Monitor

3.2

3.1

3.1

3.1

Oldham

3.2

3.1

2.9

3.0

Pedro

3.3

3.3

3.1

3.1

Probat

3.3

2.9

2.8

2.6

Symphony

4.0

3.8

3.4

3.3

Average (n = 12)

3.4

3.3

3.1

3.0

Table A12:Leaf area index of mid-early maturity group using LAI 2000

Variety

Date

 

22.07.02

31.07.02

07.08.02

15.08.02

X Probat

3.03

3.19

3.12

3.17

X Fjord

3.32

3.41

3.46

3.57

X Romario

3.12

3.32

3.31

3.49

X Eurostar

3.37

3.54

3.39

3.67

X Effekt

3.39

3.62

3.51

3.59

X Rivaldo

3.15

3.32

3.22

3.34

Acapulco

3.18

3.37

3.27

3.42

Topper

3.12

3.53

3.43

3.67

LG3226

3.21

3.33

3.28

3.26

Veritis

3.60

3.65

3.66

3.71

Sandrina

3.27

3.37

3.45

3.13

Andino

3.19

3.35

3.35

3.48

Cingaro

2.98

3.22

2.94

3.18

Joxxal

3.24

3.33

3.26

3.26

Lacta

3.06

3.10

3.16

3.26

Milagro

3.33

3.35

3.37

3.52

Montello

3.21

3.45

3.29

3.40

Energystar

2.95

3.15

3.08

3.24

PR39B50

3.07

3.29

3.29

3.51

Pontos

3.23

3.37

3.35

3.59

Sampaio

3.13

3.31

3.33

3.33

Flavi

3.11

3.20

3.33

3.47

X Average

3.23

3.40

3.33

3.47

Average

3.20

3.35

3.31

3.42

LSD (α = 5 %)

0.23

0.25

0.27

0.39

Atalante

3.9

3.2

3.2

3.3

FAO 750

3.9

3.8

3.2

3.5

Liberal

3.7

3.7

4.0

3.7

Prestige

3.8

3.8

3.8

3.6

Average (n = 4)

3.8

3.6

3.6

3.5

Table A13:Leaf area index of early maturity varieties with LAI 2000 plant canopy analyser in 2003

Variety

Date

       
 

18.06.

25.06.

03.07.

08.07.

15.07.

24.07.

29.07.

8.08.

12.08.

Pernel

1.82

2.22

2.74

3.06

3.18

2.28

2.32

1.32

0.81

Tassilo

1.55

2.03

2.56

2.90

2.67

2.13

2.18

1.28

0.71

Symphony

1.92

2.48

2.92

3.05

3.11

2.53

2.41

1.49

0.89

Ravenna

1.96

2.22

2.74

2.89

2.80

2.46

2.31

1.39

0.80

Talman

1.67

2.16

2.83

2.75

2.88

2.54

2.31

1.24

0.62

Early Star

1.68

2.07

2.52

2.99

2.96

2.35

2.21

1.33

0.90

Baxxos

1.67

2.13

2.72

2.90

2.99

2.31

2.19

1.43

0.89

Cascadas

1.8

2.19

2.53

2.89

3.02

2.59

2.36

1.36

1.03

Nescio

2.04

2.51

2.78

2.91

3.38

2.62

2.41

1.53

0.89

PR39H32

2.01

2.45

2.54

2.75

2.86

2.21

2.21

1.37

0.73

Constantin

1.82

2.24

2.44

2.86

2.56

2.14

2.01

1.49

0.94

Spider

1.83

2.26

2.52

2.85

2.63

2.35

2.19

1.24

0.73

Aurelia

2.03

2.55

3.06

2.96

2.95

2.55

2.35

1.44

0.82

Delitop

1.69

2.37

2.98

3.04

3.21

2.60

2.62

1.58

0.99

Ambros

1.66

2.13

2.47

2.88

2.82

2.57

2.54

1.40

0.78

PR39G12

1.95

2.4

2.74

2.85

3.04

2.40

2.00

1.28

0.80

Mikis

1.75

2.24

2.75

2.63

3.31

2.52

2.26

1.47

0.69

PR39P49

1.99

2.34

2.69

2.93

3.11

2.56

2.34

1.28

0.91

Average (n = 18)

1.82

2.28

2.70

2.89

2.97

2.43

2.29

1.38

0.83

LSD (α = 5%)

0.21

0.17

0.22

0.24

0.45

0.43

0.24

0.16

0.31

Table A14:Leaf area index of mid-early maturity varieties with LAI 2000 plant canopy analyser in 2003

Variety

Date

        
 

18.06

25.06

03.07.

08.07.

15.07.

24.07.

29.07.

08.08.

12.08.

18.08.

LG 3226

1.76

2.40

2.86

3.17

3.35

3.67

2.83

1.91

0.95

0.87

Rivaldo

1.80

2.39

3.01

3.14

3.39

3.52

2.85

2.23

1.48

1.27

Sandrina

2.04

2.29

2.85

3.28

3.43

3.57

3.16

1.94

1.31

1.06

Acapulco

1.83

2.38

2.83

2.92

3.26

3.59

2.77

2.03

1.25

1.02

Topper

2.07

2.57

3.06

3.34

3.71

3.68

3.42

2.33

1.20

1.06

Joxxal

2.04

2.51

3.01

3.31

3.54

3.51

3.19

2.43

1.35

0.97

Lacta

2.03

2.32

2.95

3.21

3.44

3.80

3.12

2.31

1.22

0.97

Milagro

2.00

2.35

2.92

3.09

3.17

3.63

3.41

2.42

1.45

1.08

Montello

1.98

2.27

2.96

3.25

3.38

3.64

3.19

2.16

1.47

1.18

Energystar

1.85

2.37

2.58

2.95

3.20

3.36

2.88

1.88

1.17

0.93

PR39B50

2.00

2.35

2.90

3.24

3.48

3.24

2.91

2.21

1.16

0.88

Pontos

1.79

2.41

2.92

3.24

3.58

3.87

3.17

2.26

1.62

1.36

Coxximo

1.88

2.33

2.88

3.11

3.30

3.20

2.86

1.55

1.06

1.06

DK 231

2.10

2.37

3.25

3.31

3.51

3.50

3.15

2.03

1.28

0.99

DK 247

1.95

2.18

2.77

3.23

3.39

3.62

2.83

2.03

1.27

0.95

Korneli

1.94

2.27

3.03

3.27

3.63

3.57

3.20

2.36

1.38

1.18

LG3232

1.75

2.32

2.88

2.93

3.55

3.62

3.41

2.11

0.95

0.89

Positive

1.78

2.26

2.84

2.97

3.29

3.39

2.84

2.25

1.23

0.84

Sileno

1.91

2.62

2.8

2.96

3.35

3.73

3.15

2.22

1.14

0.92

Argentera

2.04

2.55

3.28

3.67

3.93

3.89

3.50

2.59

1.60

1.10

Arobase

1.76

2.2

2.55

3.03

3.10

3.45

3.22

2.34

1.33

1.20

Hexxer

1.70

2.19

2.66

2.92

3.10

2.80

2.48

1.87

1.13

1.16

PR39V62

1.73

2.43

2.82

3.14

3.44

3.64

3.24

2.43

1.61

1.06

Andino

1.75

2.46

2.67

2.93

3.31

3.48

3.22

2.40

1.28

0.96

Flavi

2.01

2.43

2.91

3.03

3.28

3.38

2.95

1.83

1.32

1.18

Average (n = 25)

1.90

2.37

2.89

3.15

3.40

3.53

3.08

2.16

1.29

1.05

LSD (α = 0.05)

0.18

0.30

0.28

0.30

0.29

0.31

0.47

0.44

0.22

0.16

Table A15:Leaf area of individual leaves (cm²) for early maturity group (2002)

Variety

Leaf generation

                
 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

Tassilo

5

10

20

45

90

153

242

349

455

495

496

442

395

270

143

44

  

Symphony

6

13

30

59

112

217

339

474

497

531

474

404

235

147

    

Pernel

5

12

28

52

105

151

254

402

474

527

501

412

351

257

112

   

Diplomat

7

15

30

57

109

199

296

438

535

551

503

459

359

260

169

95

  

Sagitta

6

13

25

45

107

191

300

427

545

589

563

494

352

270

117

   

Ravenna

6

13

30

55

125

211

360

464

523

531

479

365

221

181

    

Talman

7

18

46

86

174

320

476

582

602

553

452

313

171

94

    

Early Star

5

10

26

52

104

179

290

418

531

597

577

523

460

348

171

45

  

PR39P49

5

12

27

59

127

241

431

598

700

692

630

505

305

119

    

Nescio

6

12

27

54

111

204

401

576

627

627

590

510

360

152

9

   

Baxxos

6

14

30

57

123

195

338

501

537

573

495

438

331

174

27

   

Campesino

6

12

33

72

130

224

330

514

604

666

696

606

556

489

419

254

133

56

Viborg

6

15

37

74

162

263

441

583

620

600

544

430

252

116

90

   

Cascades

6

15

26

72

163

278

408

548

627

629

562

481

364

231

112

26

  

Franz

6

13

28

56

124

215

343

462

542

569

580

523

400

274

146

   

Limit

5

8

17

45

90

153

255

423

554

575

544

517

464

361

209

123

  

Osorno

6

12

27

56

98

161

273

373

447

553

564

508

449

344

262

156

  

PR39H32

5

14

30

76

171

278

448

665

735

750

673

618

464

197

    

Ambros

6

13

25

53

100

187

314

440

513

567

524

459

382

283

129

   

PR39G12

5

12

24

49

101

168

299

465

628

727

679

631

513

359

147

   

Average

(n = 20)

6

13

28

59

121

209

342

485

565

595

556

482

369

246

151

106

133

56

Arsenal

3

9

20

41

93

169

336

505

642

630

611

518

435

262

102

   

Banguy

5

12

17

46

87

152

217

363

447

460

480

395

230

131

    

Caballero

5

11

26

51

106

242

359

551

582

655

634

523

330

143

    

Domenico

7

8

31

61

117

219

316

399

558

530

526

454

310

137

    

Dono

5

10

17

37

72

123

180

323

428

644

485

418

276

43

    

Justina

5

14

33

85

193

338

505

560

614

656

470

417

187

     

Magister

6

13

29

70

106

241

389

560

687

606

585

477

323

205

    

Monitor

8

12

24

57

94

154

335

491

589

646

544

487

309

153

    

Oldham

5

12

30

59

138

260

402

541

608

564

551

481

260

     

Pedro

5

7

17

40

67

125

244

337

486

575

581

479

456

422

357

301

159

67

Probat

4

14

23

53

97

218

317

419

496

576

553

503

309

106

    

Symphony

6

11

26

56

126

212

322

442

441

502

440

361

228

80

    

Average

(n = 12)

5

11

24

55

108

204

327

458

548

587

538

459

304

168

229

301

159

67

Table A16:Leaf area of individual leaves (cm²) for mid-early maturity group (2002)

Variety

Leaf generation

                 
 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

Probat

4

11

19

46

94

188

292

446

568

613

572

474

362

191

     

Fjord

6

12

32

66

123

204

294

428

489

539

504

446

350

204

301

123

   

Romario

7

14

32

56

119

227

291

462

575

605

619

525

438

299

153

    

Eurostar

7

15

30

58

126

234

341

538

688

743

721

653

565

478

336

152

   

Effekt

5

14

30

73

169

302

428

591

653

667

600

512

374

214

150

    

Rivaldo

7

14

35

69

132

232

353

470

565

573

575

477

385

217

123

    

Acapulco

7

12

32

75

142

225

379

529

591

582

517

436

352

273

94

    

Topper

6

15

32

60

127

238

333

439

558

561

488

428

266

157

     

LG3226

7

14

32

61

122

198

355

513

609

654

646

564

366

285

185

120

   

Veritis

8

15

31

65

133

228

357

510

616

643

600

585

500

413

292

111

31

  

Sandrina

5

13

28

58

123

232

334

502

619

654

656

607

507

342

152

    

Andino

6

13

30

70

131

227

324

466

547

591

571

523

459

386

258

118

113

  

Cingaro

6

13

33

71

145

260

385

548

624

651

613

550

488

394

278

160

118

  

Joxxal

6

13

26

48

93

175

257

369

510

602

629

554

418

286

169

43

   

Lacta

7

16

37

79

156

302

389

508

546

563

505

450

318

157

     

Milagro

6

13

28

58

100

183

307

471

579

621

581

474

326

252

102

    

Montello

7

16

38

68

136

225

338

459

579

626

615

486

370

335

193

89

   

Energystar

6

13

51

55

100

179

281

426

553

558

548

479

367

263

140

    

PR39B50

6

13

30

58

112

221

333

498

592

616

580

508

357

160

190

187

   

Pontos

6

16

29

71

143

226

366

477

567

610

596

527

470

327

170

79

   

Sampaio

6

13

29

69

142

229

357

462

588

652

628

547

454

376

261

138

100

  

Flavi

5

11

29

53

111

192

326

451

562

617

598

540

451

357

181

    

Average

6

14

32

63

126

224

337

480

581

616

589

516

406

289

196

120

90

  

N = 22

                   

Atalante

5

12

24

57

86

160

275

363

489

495

512

431

396

264

     

FAO 750

5

13

21

46

94

117

212

344

461

601

730

687

652

579

483

396

348

277

156

Liberal

9

17

39

71

116

178

320

489

589

679

740

635

540

419

262

89

   

Prestige

10

18

39

61

117

188

320

516

659

726

729

626

497

454

270

    

Average

(n = 4)

8

15

31

59

103

161

282

428

550

625

678

595

521

429

338

242

348

277

156

Table A17Average sum of leaf area (cm²) and leaf number from cob leaf position of early maturity varieties of forage maize at harvest time in 2002 at location Berge (03.09.02)

Variety

Leaf location in relation to cob position

Sum LA

Leaf no.

           
 

-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

  

Tassilo

 

158

318

426

503

490

455

408

319

179

69

  

3325

10

Symphony

 

24

149

339

461

497

531

480

404

235

147

  

3267

10

Pernel

 

78

254

402

486

527

501

412

351

257

112

  

3380

10

Diplomat

 

98

276

401

527

574

502

476

398

286

193

87

 

3818

11

Sagitta

  

270

402

539

588

581

524

393

247

117

  

3661

9

Ravenna

  

211

360

494

517

522

479

365

221

181

  

3350

9

Talman

 

38

277

429

583

615

555

499

340

212

114

  

3662

10

Early Star

  

133

418

526

597

575

523

460

348

171

45

 

3796

10

PR39P49

  

291

468

653

705

663

600

462

251

186

  

4279

9

Nescio

 

33

109

401

567

641

618

607

510

257

152

  

3895

10

Baxxos

  

46

306

439

514

563

509

453

361

139

13

 

3343

10

Campesino

 

180

474

586

697

681

616

570

499

403

214

86

56

5062

12

Viborg

 

73

190

484

600

630

585

504

401

206

77

  

3750

10

Cascadas

 

210

367

511

609

632

581

509

392

280

119

26

 

4236

11

Franz

 

61

269

399

515

588

562

570

469

350

194

102

 

4079

11

Limit

 

44

255

423

557

587

544

517

464

361

209

123

 

4084

11

Osorno

42

167

291

374

501

552

549

510

391

321

108

  

3806

11

PR39H32

 

215

340

615

721

769

683

643

499

262

129

  

4876

10

Ambros

  

166

349

456

529

568

502

444

354

245

63

 

3676

10

PR39G12

 

191

424

573

728

672

645

533

413

203

162

  

4544

10

(0) cob leaf position
(-1) leaf generation below cob leaf
(+1) leaf generation above cob leaf

Table A18Average sum of leaf area (cm²) and leaf number from cob leaf position of mid-early maturity varieties of forage maize at harvest time in 2002 at location Berge (09.09.02)

Variety

Leaf location in relation to cob position

Sum LA

Leaf number

          
 

-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

  

Probat

 

53

165

362

530

580

594

531

439

297

133

 

3684

10

Fjord

  

97

161

340

508

533

510

422

322

187

143

3223

10

Romario

 

59

208

439

539

590

632

550

468

360

164

 

4009

10

Eurostar

 

70

330

593

691

740

710

634

565

435

297

154

5219

11

Effekt

39

137

406

535

662

662

616

541

442

249

150

 

4439

11

Rivaldo

 

35

223

295

548

581

592

526

446

312

138

 

3696

10

Acapulco

 

166

391

548

603

580

503

436

367

202

94

 

3890

10

Topper

  

183

373

459

559

568

503

436

299

181

 

3561

9

LG 3226

  

74

283

627

647

618

566

349

262

140

 

3566

9

Veritis

  

107

433

637

640

581

574

486

393

257

59

4167

10

Sandrina

 

284

517

625

648

680

608

507

343

153

  

4365

9

Andino

  

169

352

584

585

545

494

418

333

196

79

3755

10

Cingaro

64

166

356

619

651

621

575

495

422

305

193

127

4594

12

Joxxal

 

51

312

411

542

626

617

537

431

277

115

43

3962

11

Lacta

29

54

68

320

380

572

535

485

411

217

126

 

3197

11

Milagro

 

125

294

452

576

619

592

527

393

309

158

192

4237

11

Montello

 

183

264

507

598

625

637

515

385

290

118

 

4122

10

Energy Star

 

39

109

392

482

593

541

534

419

317

225

126

3777

11

PR39B50

 

107

263

249

446

622

581

513

369

160

190

187

3687

11

Pontos

  

269

515

580

607

584

488

404

245

129

 

3821

9

Sampaio

48

79

328

534

627

664

573

508

425

333

133

58

4310

12

Flavi

25

164

380

490

607

579

592

489

416

225

123

 

4090

11

Table A19Average sum of leaf area (cm²) and leaf number from cob leaf position of early maturity varieties of forage maize at harvest time in 2003 at location Berge (12.08.03)

Variety

Leaf location in relation to cob position

Sum LA

Leaf number

        
 

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

  

Pernel

   

240

396

301

275

173

75

1460

6

Tassilo

 

202

249

444

430

338

263

164

76

2166

8

Symphony

  

118

408

360

210

165

60

 

1321

6

Ravenna

  

114

269

353

307

178

187

24

1432

7

Talman

   

400

235

194

152

50

 

1031

5

Early Star

   

329

329

247

267

203

93

1468

6

Baxxos

   

133

370

237

221

69

 

1030

5

Cascadas

  

131

211

481

387

331

258

92

1891

7

Nescio

   

119

551

453

249

77

 

1449

5

PR39H32

  

147

278

651

530

361

253

 

2220

6

Constantino

128

149

343

535

438

340

245

159

71

2408

9

Spider

   

321

224

434

318

191

98

1586

6

Aurelia

   

296

294

297

303

85

 

1275

5

Delitop

 

131

172

359

554

476

371

234

114

2411

8

Ambros

  

214

310

309

242

177

116

83

1451

7

PR39G12

  

400

632

554

423

253

139

 

2401

6

Mikis

   

142

290

255

311

165

 

1163

5

PR39P49

   

403

406

418

166

67

 

1460

5

Table A20Average sum of leaf area (cm²) and leaf number from cob leaf position of mid-early maturity varieties of forage maize at harvest time in 2003 at location Berge (18.08.03)

Variety

Leaf location in relation to cob position

Sum LA

Leaf number

       
 

-1

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

  

LG3226

9

119

252

280

302

263

123

55

 

1403

8

Rivaldo

 

72

200

357

410

323

193

109

 

1664

7

Sandrina

 

85

524

411

367

217

73

  

1677

6

Acapulco

  

178

222

319

174

109

  

1002

5

Topper

  

326

313

199

147

144

65

 

1194

6

Joxxal

 

80

282

285

181

143

11

  

982

6

Lacta

90

97

263

388

415

235

64

  

1552

7

Milagro

128

259

455

483

391

379

239

57

 

2391

8

Montello

 

159

313

273

207

206

75

43

 

1276

7

Energystar

  

158

147

350

217

148

72

 

1092

6

PR39B50

 

75

166

200

312

188

71

  

1012

6

Pontos

89

322

263

319

409

307

190

  

1899

7

Coxximo

 

241

294

488

449

354

202

119

8

2155

8

DK 231

 

205

164

251

293

79

38

  

1030

6

DK 247

  

83

213

266

159

78

  

799

5

Korneli

  

333

289

286

297

266

74

 

1545

6

LG3232

 

218

325

389

313

222

130

122

 

1719

7

Positive

  

371

264

303

291

111

  

1340

5

Sileno

  

174

425

246

163

55

  

1063

5

Argentera

 

275

225

454

446

345

125

17

 

1887

7

Arobase

94

111

255

556

372

322

258

111

 

2079

8

Hexxer

114

37

244

476

529

419

340

225

97

2481

9

PR39V62

118

160

244

438

383

222

193

168

 

1926

8

Andino

 

86

319

207

156

126

67

56

 

1017

7

Flavi

280

251

421

466

494

301

167

  

2380

7

(0) cob leaf position
(-1) leaf generation below cob leaf
(+1) leaf generation above cob leaf


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