APPENDIX 1

Definitions and Zulu-Vocabulary

General definitions

abnormality

a certain feature that deviates from what is culturally perceived as being the norm

African

A person of black African descent or something belonging to his/her cultural background

Antiretroviral

Group of drugs that stop the HIV reapplication, also abbreviated as ARV

Biomedical

approach that uses modern science, biology and medicine

disease

disorder of structure or function in a human, that is not of a permanent nature

disability

A condition that limits a persons activity often caused through a physical, sensorial, psychological or intellectual impairment

emic

with an insider view

ethic

Moral perspective

healer

A person that prescribes treatments to improve peoples health and treats diseases

herbalist

A traditional healer, that mainly focuses on the treatment of bodily related diseases through the use of herbs and animal by-products

modern

after the scientific and industrial revolution, being up to date in techniques and equipment

Nevirapine

A type of ARV, that is given to pregnant woman to reduce the risk of HIV infection of the child

practitioner

traditional healer or medical doctor

pre-modern

Before the scientific and industrial revolution

primitive

historical term to describe pre-modern cultures

ritual

religious or solemn ceremony involving a series of actions performed according to a prescribed order

sangoma

spiritual healer that can use his power in both a useful or destructive way

scientific

relating to or based on science

traditional

transfer of customs and beliefs from one generation to the next

western

living in, coming from or characteristic for ´the West´, which is often associated with Europe

Zulu-speaking

all people, who have Zulu as their first language

Zulu-cosmology

belief system of Zulu-speaking people, that forms their traditional custom and way of live

Zulu vocabulary

abathandazi

faith healer

Amaphansi

Ancestors

Ilabolo

bridal gift or money

imikhondo

track, trail

impilo

well being

inyanga

herbalist, traditional healer

izangoma

Diviner

izinyanga

Herbalist

sangoma

spiritual healer (sometimes also used and confused with the word witchdoctor)

ubuthakathi

witchcraft or sorcery

ufuza

a disease or disability that runs in certain families

kuthwasa

Initiating process to become a sangoma

umnyama

darkness, commonly known as pollution

umuthi

Medicine

umuthi omnyama

black/dark medicine

umuthi omhlope

white medicine

 


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