Luick-Thrams, Michael : "Creating 'New Americans': WWII-Era European Refugees' Formation of American Identities"




Bach, Marcus . ""Scattergood Hostel" ", Christian Century (3.VII.40).

Berquist, Robert et al . Scattergood Friends School , 1890-1990, West Branch, 1990.

Bunge, William . ""Fred K. Schaefer and the Science of Geography" ",Association of American Geographers Annals 69#1 (March 1979).

Curtis, Peter . ""A Place of Peace in a World of War: The Scattergood Refugee Hostel, 1939 to 1943" ", Palimpsest 65#2 (1984).

Edwards, Earle and Marjorie . ""Christmas at Scattergood" ", The Friend (21.III.40).

Griffiths, Louise Benckenstein . Brothertown. New York, 1941.

Hannum, Peg . ""Our Enemy Aliens" ", Goucher Alumnae Quarterly (May 1942).

Nawyn, William Edward . American Protestantism's Response to Germany's Jews and Refugee's, 1933-1941. Ann Arbor, 1981.


Bauer, Otto . "Prose" , winter 1940-41.

Berquist, Robert . Article in Iowa Peace News , XII.41.

-- . Article in Northwest Pacifist , 17.VIII.40.

-- . Essay ""Scattergood Hostel's Influence on My Life" ", 27.X.94.

-- . Journal, 27.X.40-21.XII.1959.

Deutsch, Emil . ""The Refugee and American Life" ", SMNB, 17.III.41 and 17.VI.41.

Flintermann, Camilla Hewson . "Memoirs "For Those Who Come After" ", fall 1992. IYMF (C) Annual Report, 1939.

Kaltenbach, John. "Essay "Scattergood"," circa 1940.

-- . Tract "The Scattergood Hostel ", 10.VIII.39.

-- et al. The Book of Scattergood , 12.IV.39-15.IV.40 and 16.IV.40-30.VI.41.

-- [attributed to]. Unsigned Tract "A New Use for Scattergood ", 29.V.39.

Liebmann, Karl. English-class Essay , December 1939.

Rosenzweig, Grete . Memoirs "My Life Told for My Grandchildren ", 1974.

Scattergood Hostel [Executive Committee] Meeting for Business Minutes, 16.VI.23-I.43.

Scattergood Monthly News Bulletin.

Seaman, Sigmund ". Account "Verfolgungsvorgang" ", 5.VI.57.

Selig, Lucy. Transcript of a Talk given in the second half of 1940.

Shostal, Walter . Memoirs "American Beginnings ", June 1994.

Shostal, Magda-Therese . Memoirs "Through the Occupation of France 1940 ", late 1942.

Wessel, Irmgard . Essay "The Impact of the AFSC on My Life ", September 1992.

*Clippings, letters, reports, poems, etc., are not listed here-only longer documents.

All primary materials used are on file at the AFSC Archives at 1501 Cherry Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102-1479


BERQUIST, Robert; 29-31.X.94 and 13.XI.95.

CHILTON, Elizabeth [Ilse Seligmann/Seaman]; 28.X.95.

CLAMPITT, Phil and Hanna [Deutsch]; VIII.94 and 10.XI.95.

CORY, Robert; 25.X.94.

EDWARDS, Earle and Marjorie; 23.X.94 and 1.XI.95.

FAWCETT, Floyd and Mary Helen; 30.X.94.

FLINTERMANN, Camilla [Hewson]; 28.X.94 and 7.XI.95.

HACKEL, Nicole; 23.X.94 and 31.X.95.

HAUSEN, Lisa; X.94.

MORGAN, Edith [Lichtenstein]; 27.X.95.

PETERS, Hans; 29.X.94.

ROBINSON, Susan [Copithorne]; 23.X.94.

SHOSTAL, Pierre; 26.X.94.

SHOSTAL, Walter; 25.VI.94.

SOMERS, Ernst [Solmitz]; 24-25.X.94.

STEVENS, Peg [Hannum]; 10.XI.94 and 28.XI.95.

THOMAS, Harold; 13.XI.95.

van den HAAG, Ernst [Malamerson]; 25.X.95.

WELTER, Marianne; 23.X.94.

WESSEL, Irmgard [Rosenzweig]; 30.X.95.

WILK, Harry; 4-5.XI.94 and 18.XI.95.

WILLOUGHBY, George and Lillian [Pemberton]; 23.X.94 and 31.X.95.

the above were recorded, in-person*; the followering were made per telephone, not recorded

BALDERSTON, Marydel; 30.X.94

BALL, Joyce [DeLine]; 6.XIl.94

BURGESS, Bob; 30.X.94

CHILTON, Elizabeth [Ilse Seligmann/Seaman]; 29.X.94

CLAMPITT, Phil; 29.X.94

CLOE, Elinore [Darwin]; 6.XI.94

DEUTSCH, Michael; 29.X.94 and 10.XI.95


MAUER, Betty [Balderston]; 30.X.94

MEYERDING, Esther; 6.XI.94

MORGAN, Edith [Lichtenstein]; 30.X.94

PALMER, Ruth [Coppock]; 28.X.94

SEAMAN, Helmut [Seligmann]; 6.XI.94

TABARI, Doris [Arntal]; 28.X.94

van den HAAG, Ernst [Malamerson]; 27.X.94

WEISS, Sally [Zimmerman]; 10.XI.94

WESSEL, Irmgard [Rosenzweig]; 24.X.94

ZIMMERMAN, David; 6.XI.94

*copies of the recorded interviews are on file at AFSC




AFSC . ""Memorandum Concerning the German Refugee Project in Cuba" " (4.V.39.).

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Der Aufbau. "Quaker Hostels" (21.II.41.).

Brown, Helga Steinhardt . Unpublished narrative report, "The Cedar Boys " (1989).

Canfield, Dorothy . ""New Americans in Vermont" ", Readers Digest 26#214 (1940).

Charles, Mary Lane . Report , "The Educational Program at Quaker Hill" (undated).

Close, Kathryn . ""A Place to Call Home" ", Survey Graphic 30#12 (1941).

Darton, Lawrence . Report, "Friends Committee on Refugees "on file at Friends House Library, Euston Road, London (undated).

Department of Commerce Statistical Abstract of the United States . Washington, D.C., 1952.

"Editorials, "The Problem of the Refugee Physician" and "Immigration of Alien Immigrant Physicians" ", Journal of the American Medical Association 25#8 (1939).

Essinger, Anna . Unpublished report, "Bunce Court School" on file at Wiener Library, London (1944).

Feuchtwanger, Lion. "Größe und Erbärmlichkeit des Exils" from Das Wort, Notebook 6 (1938).

Genizi, Haim . ""American Interfaith Cooperation on Behalf of Refugees from Nazism, 1933- 1945" ", American Jewish History 70#3 (1981).

Gruber, Ruth . ""The Road to Oswego" ", Dimensions 8#2 (1994).

Gumpert, Martin . ""Immigrants by Conviction" ", Survey Graphic 20 (September 1941).

Kenworthy, Murry and Streightoff, Frances Doan . Report, "Meeting of the Friends Peace Camp Project, held at Richmond, Ind. , March 14, 1940".

Kraus, Herta . ""Refugees' Plight in a Preoccupied World" ", Womans Press (July-August 1940).

Marks, Jr., Edward . " Token Shipment: The Story of America's War Refugee Shelter ". Washington, D.C.: United States Department of the Interior (1946) .

Major, Alan . ""Bunce Court, Anna Essinger and Her New Herrlingen School, Otterden-Parts One, Two and Three" ", Bygone Kent 10 #8-10 (1989).

Mann, Klaus . "Die Emigration war nicht gut. Das Dritte Reich war schlimmer" from the manuscript Der Wendepunkt. Städtische Bibliothek Munich (undated).

Mann, Ruth . ""The Adjustment of Refugees in the United States in Relation to their Background" ", Jewish Social Service Quarterly 16#1 (1939).

" "Music-evening on the Finca" ", Jüdische Rundschau (3.XI.39.).

National Refugee Service . ""Pilgrims in Our Time"," Special issue of refugee-related articles which appeared in Survey Graphic (April 1946).

Nordheimer, Jon . ""Reunion:15 Jews Gather at Their Wartime Refuge in Britain" ", International Herald Tribune (30-31.VII.83.).

Photo-essay, "Refugee Doctor ", Look (29.III.46).

"" Refugees Build U.S. Industries" ", Business Week (27.IV.40).

Rich, John . ""Why, Where, Who-the Refugees" ?", Survey Graphic (November 1940).

The Quaker Hill Post (August 1942). Scheider, Rosa . ""Cuban Experiences" ", SMNB (17.XII.40.). Slater, Eleanor . "Unpublished Essay, "The Quaker Star in Cuba" " (5.IX.39.).

Smith, Michael . ""'What the Lady Did' Gives Hope for the Future"" , Education Magazine , (2.12.94.).

Strum, Harvey ". "Fort Ontario Refugee Shelter, 1944-1946" ", American Jewish History 73#4, (1984).

Tartakower, Aryeh . ""The Jewish Refugees: A Sociological Survey" ", Jewish Social Studies 4#4 (1942).

Trachtenberg, Barry . Voices of Dissent: Christian Rescuers in the United States During the Nazi Regime. (Ph.D. diss., University of Vermont, 1993).

Woodward, Isaac and Markle, Millard ". "Quaker Hill: A Friends Service Center" " (1.I.42.).


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Beyerchen, Alan . Scientists under Hitler: Politics and the Physics Community in the Third Reich. New Haven, 1977.

Billigmeier, R.H. Americans from Germany: A Study in Cultural Diversity. Belmont, Calif., 1974.

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[Titlepage] [Introduction] [1] [2] [3] [Appendix] [Appendix] [Abbreviations] [Bibliography] [Acknowledgements]

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