Luick-Thrams, Michael : "Creating 'New Americans': WWII-Era European Refugees' Formation of American Identities"
"Creating 'New Americans': WWII-Era European Refugees' Formation of American Identities"
D I S S E R T A T I O N

zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades Doktor der Philosophie (Dr. phil.)

Institut für Geschichtswissenschaften der Philosophischen Fakultät I der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

vorgelegt von Michael Luick-Thramsaus ,
Mason City, Iowa, U.S.A.

Präsident: Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Hans Meyer

Dekan: Prof. Dr. Ludolf Herbst

Gutachter:
1. Prof. Dr. Ludolf Herbst
2. Prof. Dr. Hartmut Kaelble

Tag der Disputation: 2. Juli 1997


Table of Contents

Titlepage"Creating 'New Americans': WWII-Era European Refugees' Formation of American Identities"
Introduction Introduction: Creating "New Americans": WWII-Era European Refugees' Formation of American Identities
Scholastic Considerations, Perspectives and Goals
Scholastic Considerations
Scholastic Perspectives
Scholastic Goals
References to Sources
1 Part I: Persecution, Flight and Reception of WWII-era Refugees
Chapter 1 Persecution and Flight of WWII-era Refugees
General Comments
References to Specific Examples
Political Refugees
Exiled Artists
Intellectuals
Religious Dissenters
"Non-Aryans"
Refugees from Nazi-Occupation
Chapter 2 Reception in Residential Refugee Programs
General Comments
References to Specific Examples
Agricultural Projects
Halutz Agricultural Schools
Land Settlement, Perpignan, Eastern Pyrenees, France
Holwell Hyde
Boarding Schools
Bunce Court
the Cedars
Rest Homes
Falkenstein
Battle and Lavendercroft
Aberdeen Camp
Hostels
Finca Paso Seco
Quaker Hill
Government-sponsored Camps
Kitchener Camp
Fort Ontario
2 Part II: Documentation and Analysis of Scattergood Hostel
Chapter 3 Scattergood Hostel as Refugee Center and Integration Program
Friends' Motives
Find an Outlet for the Application of Quaker Values
Rehabilitate Refugees
Friends' Goals
Integrate and Assimilate Refugees
Settle Refugees in the Midwest, Away from the Northeast
Establish Kibbutzim-style Settlements in America
Chapter 4 Scattergood Hostel's Guests
Characteristics "Typical" of Refugees from Nazi-occupied Europe
Ways in Which Scattergood Hostel Guests Differed from the Norm
Official Quaker Policies Regarding the Treatment of Guests
Chapter 5 Scattergood Hostel's Staff
Religious Affiliation
Age
Profession
Training
Ethnicity
Chapter 6 Scattergood Hostel's Community
Community Spirit within the Hostel
Outside Sentiment Toward the Hostel
Chapter 7 Scattergood Hostel's Work, Education and Freetime Programs
Work
Education
Freetime
Chapter 8 Scattergood Hostel's Job Placement Program
Premises
Failures
Successes
Specific Examples
Scholars, Intellectuals, Students and Scientists
Teachers
Lawyers and Judges
Social Workers
Physicians and Medical Workers
Business People
the Self-employed
those Engaged in Manufacturing
Semi-skilled Laborers
Chapter 9 Scattergood Hostel Refugee's Changing Relationship to America
Initial Impressions of America
Adults
Walter Shostal
Erhard Winter
Emil Deutsch
Ernst Malamerson
Marianne Welter
Children
Frank Keller
Edith Lichtenstein
Ilse Seligmann
Pierre Shostal
Hanna Deutsch
Irmgard Rosenzweig
Later Attitudes toward America
Adults
Walter Shostal
Erhard Winter
Emil Deutsch
Ernst [Malamerson] van den Haag
Marianne Welter
Former Children
Frank Keller
Edith [Lichtenstein] Morgan
Elizabeth [Ilse Seligmann/Seaman] Chilton
Pierre Shostal
Hanna [Deutsch] Clampitt
Irmgard [Rosenzweig] Wessel
3 Part III: Comparisons of Refugee Programs and Refugees' Formation of American Identities
Chapter 10 Comparisons of Refugee Programs
Chapter 11 WWII-era European Refugees' Formation of American Identities
Means of "Americanization" through Adaptation and Adjustment
Externally Referenced Processes of Social Adaptation
Internally Referenced Processes of Behavioral Adjustment
Results of "Americanization" Process
Closing Comment
Appendix A Refugees' Parting Comments
Appendix B German Versions of Passages Used in Text
Abbreviations
Bibliography
PERTAINING TO SCATTERGOOD HOSTEL
PUBLISHED MATERIALS
UNPUBLISHED MATERIALS*
INTERVIEWS
PERTAINING TO WWII-ERA REFUGEES
SELECTED TITLES:
ARTICLES AND REPORTS
BOOKS
SUGGESTED TITLES:
ARTICLES AND REPORTS
BOOKS
Acknowledgements

[Titlepage] [Introduction] [1] [2] [3] [Appendix] [Appendix] [Abbreviations] [Bibliography] [Acknowledgements]

© Die inhaltliche Zusammenstellung und Aufmachung dieser Publikation sowie die elektronische Verarbeitung sind urheberrechtlich geschützt. Jede Verwertung, die nicht ausdrücklich vom Urheberrechtsgesetz zugelassen ist, bedarf der vorherigen Zustimmung. Das gilt insbesondere für die Vervielfältigung, die Bearbeitung und Einspeicherung und Verarbeitung in elektronische Systeme.

DiML DTD Version 2.0
Zertifizierter Dokumentenserver
der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
HTML - Version erstellt am:
Mon Jun 5 14:21:56 2000