[Seite 289↓]

Glossar

In der folgenden Liste werden die in der Arbeit verwendeten Akronyme ohne weitere Erläuterung aufgeführt (mit Ausnahme der Programmiersprache C).

3D – Drei-Dimensional.

AG – Aktien-Gesellschaft.

AI – Artificial Intelligence. Künstliche Intelligenz.

AJS – Arbeitsgemeinschaft Kinder und Jugendschutz.

ANSI – American National Standard Institute.

AOL – America Online.

APNIC Asia Pacific Network Information Centre.

ARIN - American Registry for Internet Numbers.

ARPA – Advanced Research Project Agency.

ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange.

ASO – Adress Supporting Organisation.

AT&T – American Telegraph & Telephone.

ATM – Asynchron Transfer Mode.

AUTODIN – Automatic Digital Network.

BBN – Bolt Beranek & Newman.

BBS – Bulletin Board System.

BIT – Binary Digit.

BSD – Berkeley System Distribution.

BTX – Bildschirmtext.

BVD – Binnelandse Veiligheids Dienst.

BYTE – 8 Bit.

C – „C was derived from Ken Thompson's experimental language B, which was inspired by Martin Richards's BCPL (Basic Combined Programming Language), which was a simplification of CPL (Cambridge Programming Language). For a while, there was speculation that C's successor might be named P (the third letter in BCPL) instead of D, but of course the most visible descendant language today is C++“ (Quelle (Stand: 10.7.02): http://www.eskimo.com/~scs/C-faq/q20.38.html).

CAD – Computer Aided Design.


[Seite 290↓]

CAI – Computer Aided Immortality.

CCC – Chaos Computer Club.

CCITT – International Telephone and Telegraph Consultative Committee.

CERN – Conseil Européenne pour la Recherche Nucléaire.

CMC – Computer Mediated Communication.

CMS – Conversational Monitor System.

CNC – Central Navigation Computer.

COM – Computer Output Microform.

CSNET – Computer Science Network.

CSS – Content Scrambling System.

DAU – Dümmster anzunehmender User.

DE-CIX – Deutscher Commercial Internet Exchange.

DEC Digital Equipment Corporation.

DES Data Encryption Standard.

DIN – Deutsches Institut für Normung.

DM – Deutsche Mark.

DNA – Desoxyribonuclein Acid.

DNB – Deutsche National Bibliographie.

DNS – Domain Name Service; Desoxyribonukleinsäure.

DoD – Department of Defense.

DOE Department of Energy (US).

DPA – Deutsche Presse Agentur.

DV – Digital Video.

DVD – Digital Versatile Disc.

ECD – Electronic Civil Disobedience.

EDT – Electronic Disturbance Theatre.

EDV – Elektronische Datenverarbeitung.

EFF – Electronic Frontier Foundation.

EMACS – Editor MACroS.

EU – Europäische Union.

FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions.

FAZ – Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.

FF – Francs Français.

FLAG – Fiberoptic Link Around the Globe.


[Seite 291↓]

FORTRAN – Formula Translator.

FSF – Free Software Foundation.

FTP – File Transfer Protocol.

GILC – Global Internet Liberty Campaign.

GIMP – GNU Image Manipulation Program.

GNU – GNU’s Not Unix.

GOSMACS – Gosling EMACS.

GPS – Global Positioning System.

GUI – Graphical User Interface.

HaCon – Hannover Consulting.

HAFAS HaCon Fahrplan Auskunft System.

HAKMEM – Hacks Memo.

HBCI – Home Banking Computer Interface.

HCU – High Cracking University.

HGP – Human Genom Projekt.

HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language.

HTTP – Hyper Text Transfer Protocol.

HUB – Humboldt Universität zu Berlin.

HURD – Hird of Unix-Replacing Daemons.

IANA – Internet Assigned Number Authority.

IBM – International Busines Machines.

ICANN – Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.

ICCC – International Council for Computer Communication.

ICE – Intrusion Countermeasures Electronics.

IEC – International Electrotechnical Commission.

IEEE – Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers.

IETF – Internet Engineering Task Force.

IMP – Internet Message Processor.

INRIA – Recherche d’Informatique et d’Automatique.

IOCCC – International Obfuscated C Code Contest.

IP – Internet Protocol.

IPTO – Information Processing Techniques Office (ARPA).

IRC – Internet Relay Chat.

IRIA – Recherche d’Informatique et d’Automatique. Heute INRIA.


[Seite 292↓]

ISBN – International Standard Book Number.

ISO – International Standard Organisation.

ISOC – Internet Society.

ISP – Internet Service Provider.

ISSN – International Standard Serial Number.

IT – Informations-Technologien.

IST – Incompatible Timesharing System.

ITU – International Telecommunication Union.

IXP – Internet Exchange Point.

JTC1 – Joint Technical Committee Number 1.

KB – Kilo Byte.

KDE – K Desktop Environment.

KGB – Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti (Kommittee für Staatssicherheit, USSR).

KI – Künstliche Intelligenz.

LAN – Local Area Network.

LISP – List Processor.

MAC – Mandatory Access Control.

MAE – Metropolitan Access Exchange.

MILNET – Military Network.

MIT – Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

MPAA – Motion Picture Association of America.

MUD – Multi User Dungeon/Domain/Dimension.

MULTICS – Multiplexed Information & Computing Service.

NASA – National Aeronautics and Space Acadamy.

NASDAQ National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation.

NC – National Commitee.

NCC – Network Coordination Centre.

NIC – Network Information Center.

NNTP – Net News Transfer Protocol.

NPL – National Physical Laboratory.

NSA – National Security Association.

NSF – National Science Foundation.

NSFA – National Science Foundation of America.

OCR – Optical Character Recognition.


[Seite 293↓]

OO – Object Oriented.

OPAC – Online Public Access Catalog.

ORC – Old Red Cracker.

OS – Operating System.

OZ – Ortsverteile und Zeitversetzte Lehre im Übungsbetrieb.

PC – Personal Computer.

PDA – Personal Digital Assistant.

PDP – Personal Data Processor.

PIN – Personal Identification Number.

PRNET – Packet Radio Net.

Q3A – Quake 3 Arena.

RAND – Research and Development.

RFC – Request for Comments.

RIAA – Recording Industry Association of America.

RIP –Regulation of Investigatory Powers.

RIPE – Réseaux Internet Protocol Européen.

RIR – Regional Internet Registries.

RL – Reales Leben. Real Life.

RM – RAND Memorandum.

RSA Rivest, Shamir & Adleman (Kryptoalgorithmus).

RTFM – Read the Fucking Manual.

RTL2 – Radio Télévision Luxembourg 2.

SA – Standard Association.

SATNET – Satelite Network.

SCC – Strong Connected Core.

SEA-ME-WE 3 – South East Asia – Middle East – West Europe 3 Fiber Optic Cable Network.

SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol.

SQL – Structured Query Language.

SRI – Stanford Research Institute.

STOA – Science and Technology Options Assessment Panel.

TAN – Transaction Number.

TLC Tranport-, Informatik- und Logistik-Consulting GmbH.

TCP – Transfer Protocol.

TEOTWAWKI – The End of the World as We Know It.


[Seite 294↓]

TKÜV – Telekommunikations-Überwachung-Verordnung.

TLD – Top Level Domain.

TMRC – Tech Model Railroad Club.

TSB – Telecommunication Standardization Bureau.

TTL – Time-To-Live.

TV – Tele-Vision.

UCLA – University of California at Los Angeles.

UK – United Kingdom.

UMTS – Universal Mobile Telecommunications System.

UN – United Nations.

UNIX Kein Akronym sondern eine Anspielung auf MULTICS.

URL – Uniform Ressource Locator.

US – United States.

USA – United States of America.

USENET – Users’ Network.

UUCP – Unix-to-Unix Communication Protocol.

VA – Virginia-US.

VAX – Virtual Address Extension.

VM – Virtual Machine.

VMS – Virtual Memory System.

VR – Virtual Reality.

W3C – WWW-Consortium.

WAIS – Wide Area Information Service.

WELL – Whole Earth ‚lectronic Link.

WiN – Wissenschafts-Netz.

WISTA – Wirtschafts- und Wissenschaftsstandort Adlershof.

WSSN – World Standards Services Network.

WWW – World Wide Web.

Y2K – Year 2 Kilo. Year 2000.

ZDF – Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen.

ZKA – Zentraler Kreditausschuss.


© Die inhaltliche Zusammenstellung und Aufmachung dieser Publikation sowie die elektronische Verarbeitung sind urheberrechtlich geschützt. Jede Verwertung, die nicht ausdrücklich vom Urheberrechtsgesetz zugelassen ist, bedarf der vorherigen Zustimmung. Das gilt insbesondere für die Vervielfältigung, die Bearbeitung und Einspeicherung und Verarbeitung in elektronische Systeme.
DiML DTD Version 3.0Zertifizierter Dokumentenserver
der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
HTML-Version erstellt am:
08.01.2004