[Seite 56↓]

Literatur

  1. Aglietti P , Buzzi R, D´Andria S, Zaccherotti G. Patellofemoral problems after intraarticular anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Clin. Orthop . 1993; 288: 195-204.

  2. Aglietti P , Buzzi R, Zaccherotti G, De Baisse P. Patellar tendon versus doubled semitendinosus and gracilis tendons for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am. J. Sports Med . 1994; 22: 211-217.

  3. Allen MJ, Houston JEF, Adams SB, Rushton N. The surgical anatomy of the stifle joint in sheep. Vet. Surg. 1998; 27: 596-605.

  4. Allgayer B , Gewalt Y, Flock K, Heuck A, Lehner K, Gradinger R, Luttke G. Diagnostische Treffsicherheit der MRT bei Kreuzbandverletzungen. Fortschr. Röntgenstr . 1991; 155: 159-164.

  5. Allgayer B , Gradinger R, Lehner K, Flock K, Gewalt Y. Die Kernspintomografie zur Beurteilung des vorderen Kreuzbandes mit Sehnentransplantaten. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 1991; 155: 294-298.

  6. Amendola A, Fowler P. Allograft anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in a sheep model. Am. J. Sports Med . 1992 ; 20: 336-345.

  7. Amiel D, Ing D, Kleiner JB, Akeson WH. The natural history of the anterior cruciate ligament autograft of patellar tendon origin . Am. J. Sports Med. 1986; 14: 449-462.

  8. Amiel D, Kleiner JB, Roux RD, Harwood FL, Akeson WH. The phenomenon of „ligamentization“: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with autogenous patellar tendon. J. Orthop. Res. 1986 ; 4: 162-172.

  9. Amiel D, Billings E, Akeson WH . Ligament structure, chemistry and physiology. In: Daniel D, Akeson W, O´Connor J (Hrsg.). Knee ligaments, structure, injury and repair. Raven New York. 1990; 77-91.

  10. Arnoczky SP , Tarvin GB, Marshall JL. Anterior cruciate ligament replacement using patellar tendon. An evaluation of graft revascularization in the dog. J. Bone Joint Surg . 1982; 64-A: 217-224.

  11. Arnoczky SP . Anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament. Clin. Orthop . 1983; 172: 19-25.

  12. Arnoczky SP. Blood supply to the anterior cruciate ligament and supporting structures . Orthop. Clin. North Am . 1985 ; 16: 15-28.


  13. [Seite 57↓]

    Autz G , Goodwin C, Singson RD. Magnetic resonance evaluation of anterior cruciate ligament repair using the patellar tendon double bone block technique. Skelet. Radiol . 1991; 20: 585-588.

  14. Bachmann G , Cassens J, Heinrichs C, Saltenberger H, Bauer T, Rauber K. MRT des Knies in der Verlaufskontrolle der vorderen Kreuzbandplastik aus autologer Semitendinosussehne . Fortschr. Röntgenstr . 1994; 161: 446-452.

  15. Bassett LW, Grover JS, Seeger LL. Magnetic resonance imaging of knee trauma. Skelet. Radiol . 1990; 19: 401-405 .

  16. Berns GS, Howell SM, Farley TE. The accuracy of signal intensity measurements in magnetic resonance imaging as evaluated within the knee. Magnetik Resonance Imaging . 1992; 10 : 573-578.

  17. Boden BP, Feagin JA . Natural history of the ACL-deficient knee. Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review . 1997 ; 5: 20-28.

  18. Bosch U, Kasperczyk WJ, Oestern HJ, Tscherne H. Die Einheilungsphasen beim autologen hinteren Kreuzbandersatz. Entscheidungshilfe für die Nachbehandlung. Eine biomechanische und histologische Studie. Unfallchirurg . 1990; 93: 187-196.

  19. Bosch U , Kasperczyk WJ . Healing of the patellar tendon autograft after posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction – a process of ligamentization ? An experimental study in a sheep model . Am. J. Sports Med . 1992; 20: 558-566.

  20. Bosch U, Kasperczyk WJ. Heilungsvorgänge nach Kreuzbandplastik am Schafsmodell . Orthopäde . 1993; 22: 366-371.

  21. Bosch U, Kasperczyk WJ, Decker B, Nerlich A, Oestern HJ, Tscherne H. Zur Morphologie des Patellarsehnentransplantates beim Ersatz des hinteren Kreuzbandes. In: Claes L (Hrsg.). Die wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen des Bandersatzes. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Hefte zu der Unfallchirurg. 1994; 234: 81-97.

  22. Bosch U , Decker B, Möller HD, Kasperczyk WJ, Oestern HJ. Collagen fibril organization in the patellar tendon autograft after posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. A quantitative evaluation in a sheep model. Am. J. Sports Med. 1995; 23: 196-202.


  23. [Seite 58↓]

    Bush-Joseph CA, Cummings JF, Buseck M, Bylski-Austrow DI, Butler DL, Noyes FR, Grood ES. Effect of tibial attachment location on the healing of the anterior cruciate ligament freeze model. J. Orthop. Res . 1996; 14: 534-541.

  24. Brand JC Jr, Weiler A, Caborn DNM, Brown CH Jr, Johnson DL. Graft fixation in cruciate ligament reconstruction – Current concepts. Am. J. Sports Med . 2000; 28: 761-774.

  25. Brown CH , Hecker AT, Hipp JA, Myers ER, Hayes WC. The biomechanics of interference screw fixation of patellar tendon anterior cruciate ligament grafts. Am. J. Sports Med . 1993; 21: 880-886.

  26. Burstein AH, Wright TM . Biomechanik in Orthopädie und Traumatologie. Thieme-Verlag. 1997.

  27. Caborn D, Coen M, Johnson D, Neef R. Quadrupled hamstring autograft femoral tunnel fixation: A comparison between a metal and bioabsorbable interference screw. Arthroscopy. 1998; 14: 241-245.

  28. Castro WHM, Jerosch J, Assheuer J. Der Aussagewert der Computertomografie und der Kernspintomografie bei der präoperativen Diagnostik von Meniskusläsionen und Bandläsionen des Kniegelenkes. Chirurg. 1991 ; 62: 394-398.

  29. Cheung Y, Magee TH, Rosenberg ZS, Rose DJ . MRI of anterior ligament reconstruction. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr . 1992; 16: 134-137.

  30. Chylarecki C, Hierholzer G, Klose R . Sonografische Diagnostik der frischen Rupturen des vorderen Kreuzbandes. Eine experimentelle und klinische Studie. Unfallchirurg . 1996; 99: 24-30.

  31. Claes L . Empfehlungen für die mechanische Prüfung der Bandprothesen. In: Claes L (Hrsg.). Die wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen des Bandersatzes. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Hefte zu der Unfallchirurg . 1994; 234: 205-210.

  32. Clancy WG, Narechania RG, Rosenberg TD, Gmeiner JG, Wisnefske DD, Lange TA . Anterior and posterior ligament reconstruction in rhesus monkeys. J. Bone Joint Surg . 1981 ; 63-A: 1270-1284.

  33. Cooper DE , Deng XH, Burstein AL, Warren RF. The strength of the central third patellar tendon graft. A biomechanical study . Am. J. Sports Med . 1993; 21: 818-824.


  34. [Seite 59↓]

    Daniel DM, Malcolm LL, Losse G, Stone ML, Sachs R, Burks R. Instrumented measurement of anterior laxity of the knee. J. Bone Joint Surg . 1985; 67-A: 720-726.

  35. Drez DJ, DeLee J, Holden JP, Arnoczky S, Noyes FR, Roberts TS. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using bone-patellar-tendon-bone allografts. A biological and biomechanical evaluation in goats . Am. J. Sports Med. 1991; 19: 256-263.

  36. Feagin JA, Curl WW . Isolated tear of the anterior cruciate ligament: 5-year followup study. Clin. Orthop . 1996 ; 325 : 4-9.

  37. Felix R, Ramm B. Magnetische Resonanz-Tomografie. In: Das Röntgenbild . Thieme Verlag Stuttgart-New York. 1988; 3. neubearbeitete Aufl .: 249-294.

  38. Fezoulidis I, Neuhold A, Wicke L, Sim T, Dimopoulos I . MRT bei Zustand nach Augmentationsplastiken am vorderen Kreuzband mit Kohlenstoffasern. Radiologe. 1989 ; 29: 550-553.

  39. Frank CB, Jackson DW. The science of reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. J. Bone Joint Surg . 1997; 79-A: 1556-1576.

  40. Friederich NF. Kniegelenksfunktion und Kreuzbänder. Biomechanische Grundlagen für Rekonstruktion und Rehabilitation. Orthopäde . 1993; 22: 334-342.

  41. Friedl W, Glaser F. Dynamic sonography in the diagnosis of ligament and meniscal injuries of the knee . Arch. Orthop. Trauma Surg . 1991; 110: 132-138.

  42. Fu FH , Harner CD, Johnson DL, Miller MD, Woo SLY . Biomechanics of knee ligaments . J. Bone Joint Surg . 1993 ; 75-A: 1716-1727.

  43. Gallimore GW, Harms SE . Knee injuries: High resolution MR Imaging. Radiology . 1986; 160: 457-461.

  44. Gentili A, Seeger LL, Yao L, Do HM . Anterior cruciate ligament tear: Indirect signs at MR Imaging . Radiology. 1994; 193: 835-840.

  45. Gillquist J, Hagberg G, Oretorp N. Arthroscopy in acute injuries of the knee joint. Acta Orthop. Scand . 1977 ; 48: 190-196.

  46. Girgis FG, Marshall JL, Monajem ARL. The cruciate ligaments of the knee joint. Anatomical, functional and experimental analysis . Clin. Orthop . 1975; 106: 216-231.

  47. Grana WA , Egle DM, Mahnken R, Goodhart CW . An analysis of autograft fixation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in a rabbit model. Am. J. Sports Med. 1994; 22: 344-351.


  48. [Seite 60↓]

    Gröntvedt T , Engebretsen L, Rossvoll I, Smevik O, Nilsen G. Comparison between magnetic resonance imaging findings and knee stability. Ligament repair with and without augmentation . Am. J. Sports Med . 1995 ; 23: 729-735.

  49. Grüber J, Wolter D, Lierse W. Der vordere Kreuzbandreflex (LCA-Reflex). Unfallchirurg. 1986 ; 89 : 551-554.

  50. Haller W, Gradinger R, Reiser M. Ergebnisse der magnetischen Resonanz (MR)-Tomografie bei der Nachuntersuchung von Kreuzbandtransplantaten. Unfallchirurg. 1986; 89: 375-379.

  51. Hartzman S , Reicher M, Bassett LW, Duckwiler GR, Mandelbaum B, Gold RH. MR Imaging of the knee. Part II. Chronic disorders. Radiology . 1987; 162: 553-557.

  52. Hoffmann MW, Wening JV, Apel R, Jungbluth KH . Repair and reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament by the "Sandwich technique": a comparative microangiografic and histological study in the rabbit . Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery . 1993; 113-120.

  53. Howe JG, Johnson RJ, Kaplan MJ, Fleming B, Jarvinen M. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using quadriceps patellar tendon graft. Part I. Long term followup . Am. J. Sports Med . 1991; 19: 447-457.

  54. Howell SM, Berns GS, Farley TE . Unimpinged and impinged anterior cruciate ligament grafts. MR signal intensity measurements. Radiology. 1991 ; 179: 639-643.

  55. Howell SM, Clark JA, Blasier RD . Serial magnetic resonance imaging of hamstring anterior cruciate ligament autografts during the first year of implantation. A preliminary study. Am. J. Sports Med . 1991; 19 : 42-47.

  56. Howell SM . Arthroscopic roofplasty: A method for correcting an extension deficit caused by roof impingement of an anterior cruciate ligament graft. Arthroscopy. 1992; 8: 375-379.

  57. Howell SM, Clark JA, Farley TE. Serial magnetic resonance study assessing the effects of impingement on the MR Image of the patellar tendon graft. Arthroscopy: 1992; 8 : 350-358.

  58. Howell SM, Taylor MA . Failure of reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament due to impingement by the intercondylar roof. J. Bone Joint Surg. 1993; 75-A: 1044-1055.


  59. [Seite 61↓]

    Howell SM, Knox KE, Farley TE, Taylor MA. Revascularization of a human anterior cruciate ligament graft during the first two years of implantation. Am. J. Sports Med . 1995 ; 23: 42-49.

  60. Ihara H, Miwa M, Deya K, Torisu K . MRI of anterior cruciate ligament healing. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr . 1996 ; 20 : 317-321.

  61. Jackson DW, Grood ES, Cohn BT, Arnoczky SP, Simon TM, Cummings JF. The effects of in situ freezing on the anterior cruciate ligament. J. Bone Joint Surg . 1991; 73-A: 201-213.

  62. Jackson DW, Grood E, Goldstein JD, Rosen MA, Kurzweil PR, Cummings JF, Simon TM . A comparison of patellar tendon autograft and allograft used for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in the goat model. Am. J. Sports Med . 1993; 21: 176-185.

  63. Jakob RP, Stäubli HU. Kniegelenk und Kreuzbänder: Anatomie, Biomechanik, Klinik, Rekonstruktion, Komplikationen, Rehabilitation. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg . 1990 . 1. Aufl..

  64. Jerosch J, Lahm A, Castro WHM, Assheuer J . Intravenöse Anwendung von Gadolinium-DTPA bei der Kernspintomografie des Kniegelenkes. Z. Orthop . 1993 ; 131: 173-178.

  65. Jerosch J , Castro WHM, Müller U, Assheuer J . Bietet die intravenöse Gadolinium-DTPA-Anwendung Vorteile bei der kernspintomografischen Diagnostik von akuten Verletzungen oder chronischen Schäden des Kniegelenkes. Sportverl. Sportschad . 1994; 8: 178-185.

  66. Johnson LL . The outcome of a free autogenous semitendinosus tendon graft in human anterior cruciate reconstructive surgery. A histological study. Arthroscopy. 1993 ; 9 : 131-142.

  67. Johnson LL , vanDyk GE. Metal and biodegradable interference screws. Comparison of failure strength. Arthroscopy . 1996; 12 : 452-456.

  68. Kaplan N , Wickiewicz TL, Warren RF . Primary surgical treatment of anterior cruciate ligament ruptures. A long term follow-up study. Am J. Sports Med. 1990; 18: 354-358.


  69. [Seite 62↓]

    Kasperczyk WJ, Bosch U, Oestern HJ, Tscherne H. Staging of patellar tendon autograft healing after posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. A biomechanical and histological study in a sheep model. Clin. Orthop . 1993; 286: 271-282.

  70. Kauffmann G , Moser E, Sauer R . Magnetresonanztomografie. In: Radiologie. Grundlagen der Radiodiagnostik, Radiotherapie und Nuklearmedizin . Urban & Schwarzenberg München-Wien-Baltimore . 1996 ; 1.Aufl. : 97-206.

  71. Keira M, Yasuda K, Kaneda K, Yamamoto N, Hayashi K. Mechanical properties of the anterior cruciate ligament chronically relaxed by elevation of the tibial insertion. J. Orthop. Res . 1996; 14: 157-166.

  72. Kennedy JC , Weinberg HW, Wilson AS. The anatomy and function of the anterior cruciate ligament. J. Bone Joint Surg . 1974; 56-A: 223-235.

  73. Kennedy JC, Hawkins RJ, Willis RB. Strain gauge analysis of knee ligaments. Clin. Orthop . 1977; 129 : 225-229.

  74. Kleiner JB, Amiel D, Roux RD, Akeson WH. Origin of replacement cells for the anterior cruciate ligament autograft. J. Orthop. Res. 1986 ; 4: 466-474.

  75. Kleiner JB, Amiel D, Harwood FL, Akeson WH. Early histologic, metabolic, and vascular assessment of anterior cruciate ligament autografts. J. Orthop. Res . 1989; 7: 235-242.

  76. Kohn D , Rose C . Primary stability of interference screw fixation. Influence of screw diameter and insertion torque. Am. J. Sports Med. 1994; 22: 334-338.

  77. König H, Sieper J, Wolf KJ . Rheumatoid arthritis. Evaluation of hypervascular and fibrous pannus with dynamic MR Imaging enhanced with Gd-DTPA. Radiology . 1990; 176: 473-477.

  78. Kreisler P , Trümmler KH. Magnetresonanztomografie. In: Moderne Bildgebung. Physik, Gerätetechnik, Bildbearbeitung und -kommunikation, Strahlenschutz, Qualitätskontrolle. Hrsg. Ewen K. Stuttgart & New York: Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart. 1998; 1. Aufl. : 171-196.

  79. Kurosaka M , Yoshiya S, Andrish JT. A biomechanical comparison of different surgical techniques of graft fixation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am J. Sports Med. 1987; 15 : 225- 229.

  80. Kühne JH, Dürr HR, Steinborn M, Jansson V, Refior HJ. Magnetic resonance imaging and knee stability following ACL reconstruction. Orthopedics. 1998; 21: 39-43.


  81. [Seite 63↓]

    Lajtai G, Humer K, Aitzetmüller G, Unger F, Noszian I, Orthner E. Serial magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of a bioabsorbable interference screw and the adjacent bone. Arthroscopy. 1999; 15: 481-488.

  82. Lambert K. Vascularized patellar tendon graft with rigid internal fixation for anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency . Clin. Orthop . 1983; 172: 85.

  83. Lane JG , McFadden P, Bowden K, Amiel D. The ligamentization process. A 4 year case study following ACL reconstruction with a semitendinosus graft. Arthroscopy . 1993 ; 9: 149-153.

  84. Lee JK , Yao L, Phleps CT, Wirth CR, Czajka J, Lozman J . Anterior cruciate ligament tears. MR Imaging compared with arthroscopy and clinical tests. Radiology. 1988; 166: 861-864.

  85. Lobenhoffer P , Tscherne H. Die Ruptur des vorderen Kreuzbandes. Heutiger Behandlungsstand. Unfallchirurg. 1993; 96: 150-168.

  86. Mackenzie R , Palmer CR, Lomas DJ, Dixon AK. Magnetic resonance imaging of the knee. Diagnostic performance statistics. Clin. Radiol . 1996 ; 51: 251-257.

  87. Maitra RS , Brand JC, Caborn DNM . Biodegradable implants. Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review . 1998; 6: 103-117.

  88. Majima T, Yasuda K, Yamamoto N, Kaneda K, Hayashi K. Deterioration of mechanical properties of the autograft in controlled stree-shielded augmentation procedures. Am. J. Sports Med . 1994 ; 22 : 821-829.

  89. Manaster BJ , Remley K, Newman AP, Mann FA. Knee ligament reconstruction. Plain film analysis . Amer. J. Roentgennol . 1988; 150: 337-342.

  90. Marder RA , Raskind JR, Carroll M. Prospective evaluation of arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Patellar tendon versus semitendinosus and gracilis tendon. Am J. Sports Med . 1991; 19: 478-484.

  91. Marzo JM , Bowen MK, Warren RF, Wickiewicz TL, Altchek DW. Intraarticular fibrous nodule as a cause of loss of extension following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Arthroscopy . 1992: 8: 10-18.

  92. Matthews LS , Lawrence SJ, Yahiro MA, Sinclair MR. Fixation strengths of patellar tendon-bone grafts. Arthroscopy. 1993 ; 9: 76-81.

  93. Maywood RM , Murphy BJ, Uribe JW, Hechtman KS . Evaluation of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using magnetic resonance imaging. Am. J. Sports Med . 1993 ; 21: 523-527.


  94. [Seite 64↓]

    Mäurer J, Weiler A, Beck C, Peters G, Südkamp N. Experimentelle Untersuchung zum Transplantatremodeling nach vorderem Kreuzbandersatz in der MRT. Fortschr. Röntgenstr . 1999; 170: 88. Präsentiert: 80. Deutscher Röntgenkongress, München. 1999.

  95. Mc Farland EG, Morrey BF, An KN, Wood MB . The relationship of vascularity and water content to tensile strength in a patellar tendon replacement of the anterior cruciate in dogs. Am. J. Sports Med . 1986; 14: 436-448.

  96. Meisterling RC , Wadsworth T, Ardill R, Griffiths H, Lane-Larsen CL. Morphologic changes in the human patellar tendon after bone-tendon-bone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction . Clin. Orthop . 1993; 289: 208-212.

  97. Mink JH , Levy T, Crues JV . Tears of the anterior cruciate ligament and menisci of the knee. MR Imaging evaluation . Radiology . 1988; 167: 769-774.

  98. Miyasaka KC, Daniel D, Stone ML, Hirshman P . The incidence of knee ligament injuries in the general population. Am J. Knee Surg . 1991; 4: 3-9.

  99. Moeser P , Bechtold RE, Clark T, Rovere G, Karstaedt N, Wolfman N. MR imaging of anterior ligament repair. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr . 1989; 13: 105-109.

  100. Munk PL, Vellet D, Fowler PJ Miniaci T, Crues JV . Magnetic resonance imaging of reconstructed knee ligaments. Can. Assoc. Radiol. J. 1992 ; 43: 411-419.

  101. Müller W. The knee. Form, function and ligament reconstruction. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg . 1982 . 1. Aufl..

  102. Murakami Y, Sumen Y, Ochi M, Fujimoto E, Adachi N, Ikuta Y . MR evaluation of human anterior cruciate ligament autograft on oblique axial imaging. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr . 1998; 22: 270-275.

  103. Ng GY, Oakes BW, Deacon OW, McLean ID, Lampard D. Biomechanics of patellar tendon autograft for reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament in the goat: Three-year study. J. Orthop. Res. 1995; 13: 602-608.

  104. Ng GY, Oakes BW, Deacon OW, McLean ID, Eyre DR . Long-term study of the biochemistry and biomechanics of anterior cruciate ligament-patellar tendon autografts in goats. J. Orthop. Res. 1996 ; 14: 851-856.


  105. [Seite 65↓]

    Neyret P , Donell ST, Dejour D, Dejour H . Parzial meniscectomy and anterior cruciate ligament rupture in soccer players. A study with a minimum 20-year followup . Am. J. Sports Med. 1993; 21: 455-460.

  106. Noyes FR , Butler DL, Grood ES, Zernicke RF, Hefzy MS. Biomechanical analysis of human ligament grafts used in knee-ligament repairs and reconstructions. J. Bone Joint Surg . 1984 ; 66-A: 344-352.

  107. O´Brien SJ , Warren RF, Pavlov H, Panariello R, Wickiewicz TL. Reconstruction of the chronically insufficient anterior cruciate ligament with the central third of the patellar ligament. J. Bone Joint Surg . 1991; 73-A: 278-286.

  108. Ohno K, Yasuda K, Yamamoto N, Kaneda K, Hayashi K. Effects of complete stress-shielding on the mechanical properties and histology of in situ frozen patellar tendon . J. Orthop. Res . 1993; 11: 592-602.

  109. O´Connor JJ . Can muscle co-contraction protect knee ligaments after injury or repair ? J. Bone Joint Surg. 1993; 75-B: 41-48.

  110. Otero AL , Hutcheson L . A comparison of the semitendinosus/gracilis and central third of the patellar tendon autografts in arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Arthroscopy. 1993 ; 9: 143-148.

  111. Passler JM, Babinski K, Schippinger G. Failure of clinical methods in assesing graft integrity after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: An arthroscopic evaluation . Arthroscopy. 1999; 15: 27-34.

  112. Pena F , Gröntvedt T, Brown GA, Aune AK, Engebretsen L. Comparison of failure strength between metallic and absorbable interference screws . Am. J. Sports Med . 1996; 24: 329-334.

  113. Pihlajamäki H , Kinnunen J, Böstman O. In vivo monitoring of the degradation process of bioresorbable polymeric implants using magnetic resonance imaging. Biomaterials . 1997; 18: 1311-1315.

  114. Radice F, Gutierrez V, Ibarra A. Arthroscopic, histologic and MRI Correlation in the maturation process of the graft in ACL reconstruction in humans. Int. Soc. Arthroscopy Knee Surg. Orthop. Sports Med., 1st Biennial Congress, Buenos Aires . 1997.

  115. Rak KM , Gillogly SD, Schaefer RA, Yakes WF, Liljedahl RR. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Evaluation with MR Imaging. Radiology . 1991; 178: 553-556.


  116. [Seite 66↓]

    Reicher MA , Hartzman S, Bassett LW, Mandelbaum B, Duckwiler G, Gold RH. MR Imaging of the knee. Part I. Traumatic disorders. Radiology. 1987; 162: 547-551.

  117. Reiser M , Rupp N, Karpf PM, Feuerbach S, Paar O . Erfahrungen mit der CT-Arthrografie der Kreuzbänder des Kniegelenkes. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 1982; 137: 372-379.

  118. Reiser M , Rupp N, Pfändner K, Schepp S, Lukas P. Die Darstellung von Kreuzbandläsionen durch die MR-Tomografie. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 1986; 145: 193-198.

  119. Rodeo SA , Arnoczky SP, Torzilli PA, Hidaka C, Warren RF . Tendon-healing in a bone tunnel. A biomechanical and histological study in the dog. J. Bone Joint Surg . 1993; 75-A : 1795-1803.

  120. Roos H , Lindberg H, Gärdsell P, Lohmander LS, Wingstrand H . The prevalence of gonarthrosis and ist relation to meniscectomy in former soccer players. Am. J. Sports Med. 1994; 22 : 219-222.

  121. Rose NE, Gold SM . A comparison of accuracy between clinical examination and magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of meniscal and anterior cruciate ligament tears. Arthroscopy. 1996; 12 : 398-405.

  122. Sachs RA , Daniel DM, Stone ML, Garfein RF. Patellofemoral problems after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am J. Sports Med. 1989 ; 17: 760-765.

  123. Scherer MA , Kraus M, Gerngroß H, Lehner K . Die Bedeutung der Sonografie zur postoperativen Verlaufskontrolle nach Rekonstruktion des vorderen Kreuzbandes. Unfallchirurg. 1993; 96: 47-54.

  124. Schmidt-Olsen S , Jörgensen U, Kaalund S, Sörensen J . Injuries among young soccer players. Am. J. Sports Med . 1991; 19: 273-275.

  125. Schultz RA, Miller DC, Kerr CS, Micheli L. Mechanoreceptors in human cruciate ligaments. A histological study. J. Bone Joint Surg. 1984; 66-A: 1072-1076.

  126. Shelbourne KD , Nitz P. Accelerated rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am. J. Sports Med . 1990; 18: 292-299.


  127. [Seite 67↓]

    Shellock F , Mink J, Curtin S, Friedmann M . MR Imaging and metallic implants for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Assessment of ferromagnetism and artifact. Abstract of J. Magn. Reson. Imaging . 1992; 2: 225-228.

  128. Sherman OH, Fox JM, Synder SJ, Del Pizzo W, Friedman MJ, Ferkel RD, Lawley MJ. Arthroscopy—„no-problem surgery“. An analysis of complications in two thousand six hundred and forty cases. J. Bone Joint Surg . 1986; 68-A: 256-265.

  129. Shino K , Kawasaki T, Hirose H, Gotoh I, Inoue M, Ono K. Replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament by an allogeneic tendon graft. J. Bone Joint Surg . 1984; 66-B: 672-681.

  130. Shino K , Inoue M, Nakamura H, Hamasa M, Ono K. Arthroscopic follow-up of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using allogeneic tendon. Arthroscopy. 1989 ; 5: 165-171.

  131. Shino K , Inoue M, Horibe S, Nakata K, Maeda A, Ono K . Surface blood flow and histology of human anterior cruciate ligament allografts. Arthroscopy. 1991; 7: 171-176.

  132. Sim E , Wicke L, Neuhold A, Fezoulidis I . Vergleich der Aussagekraft von Magnetresonanztomografie und Computertomografie bei der Nachuntersuchung von Augmentationsplastiken mit Kohlefaserbändern am vorderen Kreuzband. Unfallchirugie. 1989; 15: 152-161.

  133. Stähelin AC, Weiler A. All-inside anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using semitendinosus tendon and soft threaded biodegradable interference screw fixation. Arthroscopy. 1997; 13: 773-779.

  134. Steiner ME , Hecker AT, Brown CH, Hayes WC. Anterior cruciate ligament graft fixation. Comparison of hamstring and patellar tendon grafts. Am. J. Sports Med. 1994; 22: 240-246.

  135. Stöckle U , Hoffmann R, Schwedtke J, Lubrich J, Vogl T, Südkamp NP. Wertigkeit der MRT in der Beurteilung des Kreuzbandersatzes. Unfallchirurg. 1997; 100: 212-218.

  136. Strobel M , Neumann HS . Instrumentelle Stabilitätsbestimmung des Kniegelenkes. Experimentelle und klinische Untersuchungen. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Hefte zu der Unfallchirurg . 1994 ; 256: 6-51.


  137. [Seite 68↓]

    Südkamp NP, Stähelin AC, Wagner M, Weiler A . Eine neue Technik zur Rekonstruktion des vorderen Kreuzbandes unter Verwendung der Hamstring Sehnen und biodegradierbaren Interferenzschrauben. Arthroskopie. 2000 ; 13: 280-286.

  138. Soudry M , Lanir A, Angel D, Roffman M, Kaplan N, Mendes DG. Anatomy of the normal knee as seen by magnetic resonance imaging. J. Bone Joint Surg. 1986 ; 68-B: 117-120.

  139. Torg JS, Conrad W, Kalen V. Clinical diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament instability in the athlete. Am. J. Sports Med . 1976 ; 4 : 84-91.

  140. Tosch U , Sandre B, Schubeus P, Lais E, Hertel P, Felix R. Kernspintomografische Verlaufsbeurteilung der vorderen Kreuzbandersatzplastik mit einem autologen Ligamentum-patellae-Transplantat. Fortschr. Röntgenstr . 1990; 153: 716-720.

  141. Tosch U , Schauwecker W, Dreithaler B, Felix R . Vordere Kreuzbandruptur: MRT versus Arthroskopie. Akt. Radiol . 1992; 2: 131-135.

  142. Tosch U , Hertel P, Bernard M, Lais E, Felix R. Gadolinium-DTPA gestützte MRT zur Beurteilung des Einheilens von autologen Ligamentum-patellae-Transplantaten als vorderer Kreuzbandersatzplastik. Radiologe. 1993; 33: 40-45.

  143. Trieshmann HW , Mosure JC. The impact of Magnetic resonance imaging of the knee on surgical decision making. Arthroscopy . 1996; 12: 550-555.

  144. Tung GA , Davis LM, Wiggins ME, Fadale PD . Tears of the anterior cruciate ligament: primary and secondary signs at MR-imaging . Radiology . 1993; 188: 661-667.

  145. Turner DA , Prodromos CC, Petasnick JP, Clark JW. Acute injury of the ligaments of the knee: magnetic resonance evaluation. Radiology. 1985 ; 154: 717-722.

  146. Uhl M , Schmidt C, Riedl S, Brado M, Kauffmann GW, Fiedl W. Die postoperative MRT-Morphologie des vorderen Kreuzbandes nach primärer Bandnaht oder Bandplastik. Akt . Radiol . 1996 ; 6: 13-18.

  147. Vogl TJ, Schmitt J, Lubrich J, Hochmuth K, Diebold T, Del Tredici K, Südkamp N. Reconstructed anterior cruciate ligaments using patellar tendon ligament grafts: diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced MRI in a 2-year follow-up regimen. Eur. Radiol . 2001; 11: 1450-1456.


  148. [Seite 69↓]

    Wacker F , Schilling A, Dihlmann SW, Zellner A, König H, Wolf KJ. Die postoperative Kernspintomografie bei autologer Plastik des vorderen Kreuzbandes: Vergleich zweier OP-Methoden . Fortschr. Röntgenstr . 1995; 162: 51-57.

  149. Warden WH, Friedman R, Teresi LM, Jackson DW. Magnetic resonance imaging of bioabsorbable polylactid acid interference screws during the first 2 years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction . Arthroscopy . 1999; 15: 474-480.

  150. Weiler A , Hoffmann RFG, Stähelin AC, Bail HJ, Siepe CJ, Südkamp NP . Hamstring tendon fixation using interference screws. A biomechanical study in calf tibial bone. Arthroscopy . 1998; 14: 29-37.

  151. Weiler A, Hoffmann RFG, Bail HJ, Rehm O, Südkamp NP. The 1999 Richard O´Connor Award: Tendon healing in a bone tunnel - Part II: Histological analysis after biodegradable interference fit fixation in a model of ACL reconstruction in sheep. Arthroscopy. 2002; 18: 124-135 .

  152. Weiler A, Hoffmann RFG, Stähelin AC, Helling HJ, Südkamp NP. Biodegradable implants in sports medicine: The biological base – Current concepts. Arthroscopy. 2000 ; 16: 305-321 .

  153. Weiler A, Peine R, Pashmineh-Azar A, Abel C, Südkamp NP, Hoffmann RFG. Tendon healing in a bone tunnel – Part I: Biomechanical results after biodegradable interference fit fixation in a model of ACL reconstruction in sheep. Arthroscopy . 2002; 18: 113-123.

  154. Weiler A, Peters G, Mäurer J, Unterhauser FN, Südkamp NP. The Excellence in Research Award: Biomechanical properties and vascularity of an anterior cruciate ligament graft can be predicted by contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. A two year study in sheep . Am. J. Sports Med. 2001; 29: 751–761.

  155. Weiler A, Scheffler S, Göckenjan A, Südkamp N, Hoffmann R FG . Different hamstring tendon graft fixation techniques under incremental cyclic loading conditions . Arthroscopy. 1998; 14: 425-426.

  156. Weiler A, Scheffler S, Südkamp NP. Aktuelle Aspekte in der Verankerung von Hamstringsehnen-Transplantaten in der Kreuzbandchirurgie . Chirurg. 2000; 71: 1034-1044.


  157. [Seite 70↓]

    Weiler A, Unterhauser FN, Bail HJ, Hüning M, Haas NP . α -smooth muscle actin is expressed by fibroblastic cells of the ovine anterior cruciate ligament and ist free tendon graft during remodeling. J. Orthop. Res . 2001 ; 20: 310-317.

  158. Weiler A , Windhagen HJ, Raschke MJ, Laumeyer A, Hoffmann RFG . Biodegradable interference screw fixation exhibits pull-out force and stiffness similar to titanium screws. Am. J. Sports Med . 1998; 26: 119-128.

  159. Whitehouse GH. MRI in sports injuries . Current Orthopaedics. 1993; 7: 106-116.

  160. Woo SLY, Hollis JM, Adams DJ, Lyon RM, Takai S . Tensile properties of the human femur-anterior cruciate ligament-tibia complex. The effects of specimen age and orientation . Am. J. Sports Med . 1991; 19: 217-225.

  161. Woo SLY, Debski RE, Withrow JD, Janaushek MA . Biomechanics of knee ligaments. Am. J. Sports Med . 1999; 27: 533-543.

  162. Yamato M, Yamagishi T. MRI of patellar tendon anterior cruciate ligament autografts. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr. 1992; 16: 604-607.

  163. Yasuda K , Ohkoshi Y, Tanabe Y, Kaneda K. Quantitative evaluation of knee instability and muscle strength after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using patellar and quadriceps tendon. Am. J. Sports Med . 1992; 20: 471-475.

  164. Yasuda K , Tsujino J, Ohkoshi Y, Tanabe Y, Kaneda K. Graft site morbidity with autogenous semitendinosus and gracilis tendons . Am. J. Sports Med . 1995; 23: 706-714.

  165. Zimmerman MC, Contiliano JH, Parsons R, Prewett A, Billotti J. The biomechanics and histopathology of chemically processed patellar tendon allografts for anterior cruciate ligament replacement . Am. J. Sports Med. 1994; 22: 378-386.


© Die inhaltliche Zusammenstellung und Aufmachung dieser Publikation sowie die elektronische Verarbeitung sind urheberrechtlich geschützt. Jede Verwertung, die nicht ausdrücklich vom Urheberrechtsgesetz zugelassen ist, bedarf der vorherigen Zustimmung. Das gilt insbesondere für die Vervielfältigung, die Bearbeitung und Einspeicherung und Verarbeitung in elektronische Systeme.
DiML DTD Version 3.0Zertifizierter Dokumentenserver
der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
HTML-Version erstellt am:
04.08.2004