Ngalinda, Innocent: Age at First Birth, Fertility, and Contraception in Tanzania

Anhang A. Appendix

Table A-1: Summary of mean age at first sexual intercourse, marriage, and birth including TFR and contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa countries and selected developing countries

Country

Year

AFSI

AFM

AFB

TFR

CPR

Benin

1996

16.2

17.7

18.8

6.3

4.0

Central African Republic

1994

15.4

16.3

18.1

5.1

3.8

Comores

1996

16.9

17.4

19.2

5.1

12.8

Côte d’Ivoire

1994

15.1

17.1

17.6

5.7

5.0

Ghana

1993

16.4

18.1

19.1

5.5

11.4

Kenya

1993

16.0

17.9

18.3

5.4

30.8

Mali

1995

15.5

15.6

17.9

6.7

5.3

Tanzania

1996

16.0

17.4

18.4

5.8

15.3

Uganda

1995

15.4

16.6

17.7

6.9

9.6

Zambia

1996

15.6

17.0

17.9

6.1

17.2

Zimbabwe

1994

17.5

18.1

18.7

4.3

48.0

Egypt

1995

-

18.3

20.0

3.6

50.9

Bangladesh

1996

-

13.9

16.8

3.3

39.7

Brazil

1996

17.8

19.5

20.6

2.5

74.3

Dominican Republic

1996

17.2

17.9

19.5

3.2

65.2

Source: calculated from DHS III

Table A-2: Contraceptive use method with current age of a user

Current age

Pill

IUD

Injec-tions

Diaphragm/ Foam/Jelly

Con-dom

Female Steril-

isation

Norp-

lant

Periodic Abstinence

With-drawal

Other

N

15-19

26.8

3.7

12.2

1.2

22.0

1.2

0.0

23.2

8.5

1.2

82

20-24

36.5

1.7

20.9

0.0

12.3

0.3

0.3

12.0

15.0

1.0

301

25-29

40.9

1.7

21.3

0.0

8.0

1.0

0.0

13.6

11.2

2.1

286

30-34

29.6

4.7

28.3

0.0

4.3

3.9

0.0

13.3

13.7

2.1

233

35-39

22.0

4.8

29.6

0.0

3.2

14.5

1.1

12.4

9.1

3.2

186

40-44

14.2

1.4

23.4

0.0

5.0

32.6

0.0

9.9

8.5

5.0

141

45-49

11.8

5.3

14.5

0.0

5.3

40.8

0.0

6.6

9.2

6.6

76

15-49

29.7

3.0

22.9

0.1

8.0

9.0

0.2

12.8

11.6

2.5

1,305

Source: calculated from 1996 TDHS

Table A-3: Regression results of the relationship between fertility and selected variables

POR Factor

Variable

Moslem

Catholic

Protestant

None

Dar

Constant

1.128*

1.280

1.735

Age

15-19

20-24

0.686

1.705

0.775

25-29

1.838***

3.330

1.528

30-34

2.541***

2.201

0.274

35-39

3.891***

4.774*

5.962*

40-44

4.360***

8.394**

45-49

4.137***

3.837

4.790

Age at first sexual intercourse

<15

At union

0.423

-2.135

-0.487

15-17

0.163

-0.210

-0.296

18-19

0.234

-0.167

0.076

20-21

0.117

-1.846

1.418

22-24

-0.119

-1.629

25+

0.249

0.127

Age at first marriage

<15

15-17

0.171

-4.957

-5.094

18-19

0.256

-3.963

-4.569

20-21

0.877*

-4.358

-4.692

22-24

0.620

-2.743

-6.831

25+

0.984

-4.146

-3.203

Age at first birth

<15

15-17

-0.374

18-19

-0.761

0.350

-1.187

20-21

-1.590***

0.313

-1.183

22-24

-1.787***

-1.707

-1.074

25+

-3.870**

-3.317

-0.381

Marital status

Never married

Currently married

0.466

3.347

5.244

Widowed

-1.102

0.838

4.183

Divorced

0.030

2.327

Not living together

0.197

3.225

Polygyny

Monogamous

Polygamous

0.331

-1.156

-1.008

Woman’s educational level

None

Primary incomplete

0.367

-0.142

-1.744

Primary complete

0.024

-1.599

Secondary+

0.244

-0.340

-0.874

Partner’s educational level

None

Primary incomplete

-0.550

2.168

3.657

Primary complete

-0.345

0.752

-0.299

Secondary +

-0.678

1.745

Child loss

none

1

0.244

1.576

0.671

2

0.914*

3.681

3

2.478***

9.401*

4+

3.337***

Urban Constant

0.517

0.908

0.334

Age

15-19

20-24

0.562

1.057*

0.868

25-29

1.790***

2.229***

2.573***

30-34

2.965***

3.361***

3.232***

35-39

3.553***

4.396***

4.414***

40-44

3.686***

5.148***

5.047***

45-49

4.030***

4.975***

6.101***

Age at first sexual intercourse

<15

At union

1.140***

0.017

1.262**

15-17

0.843**

0.160

0.459

18-19

0.670*

-0.225

0.672

20-21

0.633

0.223

0.676

22-24

0.367

0.125

0.730

25+

1.564

-0.080

0.914

Age at first marriage

<15

15-17

-0.303

-0.476

0.622

18-19

-0.643*

-0.601

0.744

20-21

-0.543

-0.536

0.819

22-24

-0.350

-1.310*

0.213

25+

-0.039

-1.944**

-0.737

Age at first birth

<15

15-17

-0.816*

-0.139

-0.100

18-19

-0.848*

-0.384

-0.247

20-21

-1.032*

-1.039

-1.182

22-24

-2.213***

-1.372*

-1.387

25+

-3.311***

-1.885*

-1.684

Marital status

Never married

Currently married

1.609**

1.753*

0.032

Widowed

0.837

2.130**

-0.336

Divorced

0.926

1.192

-2.071

Not living together

2.073**

0.622

0.627

Polygyny

Monogamous

Polygamous

0.142

-0.584*

0.328

Woman’s educational level

None

Primary incomplete

0.347

0.087

-0.010

Primary complete

0.212

-0.406

-0.662

Secondary+

0.446

-0.425

-0.594

Partner’s educational level

None

Primary incomplete

-0.517

-0.846

0.566

Primary complete

-0.828**

-0.459

0.009

Secondary +

-0.756**

-0.634

-0.079

Child loss

none

1

0.132

0.887***

0.568*

2

1.555***

1.289***

1.403**

3

2.595***

2.343**

1.414

4+

4.324***

3.138***

6.033***

Rural

constant

1.207***

1.201***

0.869**

0.639

Age

15-19

20-24

0.657***

0.890***

0.952***

0.925*

25-29

1.849***

2.204***

2.354***

2.214***

30-34

2.908***

3.345***

3.624***

3.712***

35-39

3.955***

4.425***

4.773***

5.013***

40-44

4.618***

5.698***

5.642***

5.549***

45-49

4.880***

5.952***

6.573***

6.841***

Age at first sexual intercourse

<15

At union

0.494***

0.143

0.005

-0.074

15-17

-0.076

-0.073

-0.083

0.062

18-19

0.167

0.021

0.061

0.311

20-21

-0.095

-0.533**

-0.087

0.451

22-24

1.031*

-0.323

-0.056

-0.385

25+

0.737

-0.951*

-0.238

-1.086

Age at first marriage

<15

15-17

0.117

-0.003

0.242

-0.123

18-19

-0.220

-0.110

0.063

-0.127

20-21

-0.047

-0.004

0.093

-0.627

22-24

-0.167

-0.328

0.134

-0.778*

25+

-0.886***

-0.787***

-0.609*

-1.257**

Age at first birth

<15

15-17

-0.224

-0.194

-0.343

-0.144

18-19

-0.597***

-0.661***

-0.702**

-0.783*

20-21

-0.797***

-0.985***

-1.351***

-0.583

22-24

-1.227***

-1.474***

-1.910***

-1.59***

25+

-2.575***

-1.874***

-2.706***

-2.07***

Marital status

Never married

Currently married

0.471*

0.552*

1.010***

0.832

Widowed

-0.162

-0.086

0.341

-0.422

Divorced

0.009

-0.712**

0.107

-0.629

Not living together

0.067

-0.186

0.592

-0.211

Polygyny

Monogamous

Polygamous

-0.049

-0.192*

-0.394***

-0.031

Woman’s educational level

None

Primary incomplete

-0.061

-0.003

0.091

0.173

Primary complete

-0.205*

-0.061

-0.096

0.035

Secondary+

0.222

-0.279

-0.294

Partner’s educational level

None

Primary incomplete

-0.010

-0.017

0.130

0.537**

Primary complete

-0.203

0.102

-0.222

0.354

Secondary +

-0.178

-0.203

-0.094

0.572

Child loss

none

1

0.686***

0.411***

0.384***

0.595**

2

1.681***

1.265***

1.100***

1.358***

3

2.644***

2.194***

1.191***

1.578***

4+

3.548***

3.288***

2.809***

2.043***

Source: calculated from 1996 TDHS

Table A-4: Unstandardised coefficients of regression analysis of the relationship between age at first birth and selected variables

POR

Moslem

Catholics

Protestant

Dar (Constant)

9.3***

8.0**

12.2*

Education in single years

0.2***

0.0

0.0

Current age - respondent

0.0

0.0

0.0

Age at first intercourse

0.4***

0.6***

0.3

Urban (Constant)

6.7***

6.0***

7.4***

Education in single years

0.2**

0.0

0.1*

Current age - respondent

0.0

0.1*

0.0

Age at first intercourse

0.6***

0.7***

0.6***

Rural (Constant)

11.0***

9.7***

9.7***

Education in single years

0.1**

0.1***

0.0

Current age - respondent

0.1***

0.0***

0.0***

Age at first intercourse

0.3***

0.4***

0.5***

Source: calculated from 1996 TDHS


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