7. References

Agneskirchner, J. D.; Hurschler, C.; Stukenborg-Colsman, C.; Imhoff, A. B. and Lobenhoffer, P. (2004): Effect of high tibial flexion osteotomy on cartilage pressure and joint kinematics: a biomechanical study in human cadaveric kneesWinner of the AGA-DonJoy Award 2004, Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 124 [9], pp.575-84. Epub 2004 Aug 03..

Akens, M. K.; von Rechenberg, B.; Bittmann, P.; Nadler, D.; Zlinszky, K. and Auer, J. A. (2001): Long term in-vivo studies of a photo-oxidized bovine osteochondral transplant in sheep, BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2 [1], p.9.

Aloia, J. F.; Vaswani, A.; Meunier, P. J.; Edouard, C. M.; Arlot, M. E.; Yeh, J. K. and Cohn, S. H. (1987): Coherence treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis with growth hormone and calcitonin, Calcif Tissue Int 40 [5], pp.253-9.

Ament, C. and Hofer, E. P. (2000): A fuzzy logic model of fracture healing, J Biomech 33 [8], pp.961-8.

Appleyard, R. C.; Burkhardt, D.; Ghosh, P.; Read, R.; Cake, M.; Swain, M. V. and Murrell, G. A. C. (2003): Topographical analysis of the structural, biochemical and dynamic biomechanical properties of cartilage in an ovine model of osteoarthritis, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 11 [1], pp.65-77 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WP3-47J19K3-9/2/bcf6544d712fab1433efc0f4a4ad1829

Appleyard, R. C.; Swain, M. V.; Khanna, S. and Murrell, G. A. (2001): The accuracy and reliability of a novel handheld dynamic indentation probe for analysing articular cartilage, Phys Med Biol 46 [2], pp.541-50..

Aro, H.T. and Chao, E.Y.S. (1993): Bone-healing patterns affected by loading, fracture fragment stability, fracture type, and fracture site compression, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 293, pp.8-17.

Arokoski, J. P.; Jurvelin, J. S.; Vaatainen, U. and Helminen, H. J. (2000): Normal and pathological adaptations of articular cartilage to joint loading, Scand J Med Sci Sports 10 [4], pp.186-198.

Bader, D. L.; Kempson, G. E.; Egan, J.; Gilbey, W. and Barrett, A. J. (1992): The effects of selective matrix degradation on the short-term compressive properties of adult human articular cartilage, Biochim Biophys Acta 1116 [2], pp.147-154.

Bae, Won C.; Law, Amanda W.; Amiel, David and Sah, Robert L. (2004): Sensitivity of Indentation Testing to Step-Off Edges and Interface Integrity in Cartilage Repair, Annals of Biomedical Engineering 32 [3], pp.360-369.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:ABME.0000017553.01798.12

Bagge, M. (2000): A model of bone adaptation as an optimization process, J Biomech 33 [11], pp.1349-57..

Bail, H.; Klein, P.; Kolbeck, S.; Krummrey, G.; Weiler, A.; Schmidmaier, G.; Haas, N. P. and Raschke, M. J. (2003): Systemic application of growth hormone enhances the early healing phase of osteochondral defects--a preliminary study in micropigs, Bone 32 [5], pp.457-467.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T4Y-48CX35K-2/2/63264bb9101cd6bd6fb3d103b123b8f3

Bailon-Plaza, A.; Lee, A. O.; Veson, E. C.; Farnum, C. E. and van der Meulen, M. C. (1999): BMP-5 deficiency alters chondrocytic activity in the mouse proximal tibial growth plate, Bone 24 [3], pp.211-6.

Bailon-Plaza, A. and van der Meulen, M. C. (2001): A mathematical framework to study the effects of growth factor influences on fracture healing, J Theor Biol 212 [2], pp.191-209..

Barry, F. P. (2003): Mesenchymal stem cell therapy in joint disease, Novartis Found Symp 249, pp.86-96; discussion 96-102, 170-4, 239-41..

Barry, Frank P. and Murphy, J. Mary (2004): Mesenchymal stem cells: clinical applications and biological characterization, The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology 36 [4], pp.568-584.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TCH-4BJ1XTJ-3/2/0d594c8e9c6289366162ee18546e6bb4

Beaupré, G. S.; Stevens, S. S. and Carter, D. R. (2000): Mechanobiology in the development, maintenance, and degeneration of articular cartilage, J Rehabil Res Dev 37 [2], pp.145-51.

Benjamin, M. and Ralphs, J. R. (2004): Biology of Fibrocartilage Cells, International Review of Cytology Volume 233, pp. 1-45, Academic Press.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B7CTY-4BYRXH7-1/2/8fd1c8db0846248b924ff7d08e50b72d

Bobic, V. (1999): Treatment of Full Thickness Injuries in Articular Cartilage, International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine (ISAKOS).

Boschetti, F.; Pennati, G.; Gervaso, F.; Peretti, G. M. and Dubini, G. (2004): Biomechanical properties of human articular cartilage under compressive loads, Biorheology 41 [3-4], pp.159-166..

Breinan, H. A.; Minas, T.; Hsu, H. P.; Nehrer, S.; Sledge, C. B. and Spector, M. (1997): Effect of cultured autologous chondrocytes on repair of chondral defects in a canine model, J Bone Joint Surg Am 79 [10], pp.1439-51..

Brittberg, M. (1999): Autologous chondrocyte transplantation, Clin Orthop [367 Suppl], pp.S147-55..

Brittberg, M.; Lindahl, A.; Nilsson, A.; Ohlsson, C.; Isaksson, O. and Peterson, L. (1994): Treatment of deep cartilage defects in the knee with autologous chondrocyte transplantation [see comments], N Engl J Med 331 [14], pp.889-95.

Brittberg, M.; Tallheden, T.; Sjogren-Jansson, B.; Lindahl, A. and Peterson, L. (2001): Autologous chondrocytes used for articular cartilage repair: an update, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S337-48..

Brittberg, M. and Winalski, C. S. (2003): Evaluation of cartilage injuries and repair, J Bone Joint Surg Am 85-A [Suppl 2], pp.58-69..

Broom, N. D. and Poole, C. A. (1982): A functional-morphological study of the tidemark region of articular cartilage maintained in a non-viable physiological condition, J Anat 135 [Pt 1], pp.65-82.

Brown, T. D.; Pope, D. F.; Hale, J. E.; Buckwalter, J. A. and Brand, R. A. (1991): Effects of osteochondral defect size on cartilage contact stress, J Orthop Res 9 [4], pp.559-67.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1983): Articular cartilage, Instr Course Lect 32, pp.349-70.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1995): Osteoarthritis and articular cartilage use, disuse, and abuse: experimental studies, J Rheumatol 43 (Suppl), pp.13-15.

Buckwalter, J. A. (1999): Evaluating methods of restoring cartilaginous articular surfaces, Clin Orthop [367 Suppl], pp.S224-38.

Buckwalter, J. A. (2002): Articular cartilage injuries, Clin Orthop [402], pp.21-37..

Buckwalter, J. A. (2003): Integration of science into orthopaedic practice: implications for solving the problem of articular cartilage repair, J Bone Joint Surg Am 85-A [Suppl 2], pp.1-7..

Buckwalter, J. A. and Brown, T. D. (2004): Joint injury, repair, and remodeling: roles in post-traumatic osteoarthritis, Clin Orthop [423], pp.7-16..

Buckwalter, J. A. and Mankin, H. J. (1998): Articular cartilage repair and transplantation, Arthritis Rheum 41 [8], pp.1331-1342.

Buckwalter, J. A. and Mankin, H. J. (1998): Articular cartilage. Part I: tissue design and chondrocyte-matrix interactions, Instr Course Lect 47, pp.477-486.

Buckwalter, J. A. and Mankin, H. J. (1998): Articular cartilage. Part II: degeneration and osteoarthritis, repair, regeneration, and transplantation, Instr Course Lect 47, pp.487-504.

Buckwalter, J. A. and Mankin, H. J. (1998): Articular cartilage: tissue design and chondrocyte-matrix interactions, Instr Course Lect 47, pp.477-486.

Buckwalter, J. A.; Martin, J. A.; Olmstead, M.; Athanasiou, K. A.; Rosenwasser, M. P. and Mow, V. C. (2003): Osteochondral repair of primate knee femoral and patellar articular surfaces: implications for preventing post-traumatic osteoarthritis, Iowa Orthop J 23, pp.66-74..

Buckwalter, J. A.; Mow, V. C. and Ratcliffe, A. (1994): Restoration of Injured or Degenerated Articular Cartilage, J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2 [4], pp.192-201.

Buckwalter, J. A.; Saltzman, C.; Brown, T. and Schurman, D. J. (2004): The impact of osteoarthritis: implications for research, Clin Orthop [427 Suppl], pp.S6-S15..

Buckwalter, Joseph A. M. D. and Brown, Thomas D. P. H. D. (2004): Joint Injury, Repair, and Remodeling: Roles in Post-Traumatic Osteoarthritis. [Report], Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research June 1 [423], pp.7-16.

Bueno, E. M.; Bilgen, B.; Carrier, R. L. and Barabino, G. A. (2004): Increased rate of chondrocyte aggregation in a wavy-walled bioreactor, Biotechnol Bioeng 28, p.28.

Burstein, D. and Gray, M. (2003): New MRI techniques for imaging cartilage, J Bone Joint Surg Am 85-A [Suppl 2], pp.70-7..

Butler, D. L.; Shearn, J. T.; Juncosa, N.; Dressler, M. R.; Hunter, S. A.; Buckwalter, J. and Schurman, D. J. (2004): Functional tissue engineering parameters toward designing repair and replacement strategies, Clin Orthop [427 Suppl], pp.S190-9..

Cancedda, R.; Dozin, B.; Giannoni, P. and Quarto, R. (2003): Tissue engineering and cell therapy of cartilage and bone, Matrix Biol 22 [1], pp.81-91..

Carter, D. R.; Beaupre, G. S.; Wong, M.; Smith, R. L.; Andriacchi, T. P.; Schurman, D. J. and Smith, R. L. (2004): The mechanobiology of articular cartilage development and degeneration, Clin Orthop [427 Suppl], pp.S69-77..

Carter, D. R. and Hayes, W. C. (1976): Bone compressive strength: the influence of density and strain rate, Science 194 [4270], pp.1174-6.

Carter, D. R. and Wong, M. (2003): Modelling cartilage mechanobiology, Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 358 [1437], pp.1461-71..

Case, N. D.; Duty, A. O.; Ratcliffe, A.; Muller, R. and Guldberg, R. E. (2003): Bone formation on tissue-engineered cartilage constructs in vivo: effects of chondrocyte viability and mechanical loading, Tissue Eng 9 [4], pp.587-96..

Chen CT; Fishbein KW; Torzilli PA; Hilger A; Spencer RGS and WE, Horton (2003): Matrix fixed-charge density as determined by magnetic resonance microscopy of bioreactor-derived hyaline cartilage correlates with biochemical and biomechanical properties, Arthritis and Reumathism 48 [4], pp.1047-1056.

CHEN, MIN-HUEY and BROOM, NEIL (1998): On the ultrastructure of softened cartilage: a possible model for structural transformation, J Anatomy 192 [3], pp.329-341.http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/links/doi/10.1046/j.1469-7580.1998.19230329.x/abs

Chu, C. R.; Coutts, R. D.; Yoshioka, M.; Harwood, F. L.; Monosov, A. Z. and Amiel, D. (1995): Articular cartilage repair using allogeneic perichondrocyte-seeded biodegradable porous polylactic acid (PLA): a tissue-engineering study, J Biomed Mater Res 29 [9], pp.1147-1154.

Chu, Y.; Elias, J. J.; Duda, G. N.; Frassica, F. J. and Chao, E. Y. (2000): Stress and micromotion in the taper lock joint of a modular segmental bone replacement prosthesis, J Biomech 33 [9], pp.1175-1179.

Claes, L. E.; Heigele, C. A.; Neidlinger-Wilke, C.; Kaspar, D.; Seidl, W.; Margevicius, K. J. and Augat, P. (1998): Effects of mechanical factors on the fracture healing process, Clin Orthop 355 Suppl, pp.132-147.

Claes, L.; Eckert-Hubner, K. and Augat, P. (2002): The effect of mechanical stability on local vascularization and tissue differentiation in callus healing, Journal of Orthopaedic Research 20 [5], pp.1099-1105.

Claes, L.E. and Heigele, C.A. (1999): Magnitudes of local stress and strain along bony surfaces predict the course and type of fracture healing, Journal of Biomechanics 32 [3], pp.255-266.

Cook, S. D.; Salkeld, S. L.; Popich-Patron, L. S.; Ryaby, J. P.; Jones, D. G. and Barrack, R. L. (2001): Improved cartilage repair after treatment with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S231-43..

Costa, C.; Brokaw, J. L.; Wang, Y. and Fodor, W. L. (2003): Delayed rejection of porcine cartilage is averted by transgenic expression of alpha1,2-fucosyltransferase, Faseb J 17 [1], pp.109-11. Epub 2002 Nov 15..

Csönge, Lajos; Bravo, Daniel; Newman-Gage, Helen; Rigley, Theodore; Conrad, Ernest U.; Bakay, András; Strong, D. Michael and Pellet, Sándor (2002): Banking of osteochondral allografts, Part II. Preservation of Chondrocyte Viability During Long-Term Storage, Cell and Tissue Banking 3 [3], pp.161-168.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1023687419152

D'Lima, D. D.; Hashimoto, S.; Chen, P. C.; Colwell, C. W., Jr. and Lotz, M. K. (2001): Impact of mechanical trauma on matrix and cells, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S90-9..

Duda, G.N.; Maldonado, Z.; Klein, P.; Heller, M.; Burns, J. and Bail, H. (2005): On the Influence of Mechanical Conditions in Osteochondral Defect Healing, Journal of Biomechanics 38 [4], pp.843-851.

Ebisawa, K.; Hata, K.; Okada, K.; Kimata, K.; Ueda, M.; Torii, S. and Watanabe, H. (2004): Ultrasound enhances transforming growth factor beta-mediated chondrocyte differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells, Tissue Eng 10 [5-6], pp.921-9..

Eckstein, F.; Reiser, M.; Englmeier, K. H. and Putz, R. (2001): In vivo morphometry and functional analysis of human articular cartilage with quantitative magnetic resonance imaging--from image to data, from data to theory, Anat Embryol (Berl) 203 [3], pp.147-73..

Evans, P. J.; Miniaci, A. and Hurtig, M. B. (2004): Manual punch versus power harvesting of osteochondral grafts, Arthroscopy 20 [3], pp.306-310..

Exner, G. U.; Meyer, C. and Elsig, J. P. (1991): Osteochondrosis dissecans of concave joint surfaces: roof of shoulder joint, tibial plateau, distal tibia, Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb 129 [4], pp.302-304..

Fortier, L. A.; Balkman, C. E.; Sandell, L. J.; Ratcliffe, A. and Nixon, A. J. (2001): Insulin-like growth factor-I gene expression patterns during spontaneous repair of acute articular cartilage injury, J Orthop Res 19 [4], pp.720-8..

Franz, T.; Hasler, E. M.; Hagg, R.; Weiler, C.; Jakob, R. P. and Mainil-Varlet, P. (2001): In situ compressive stiffness, biochemical composition, and structural integrity of articular cartilage of the human knee joint, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 9 [6], pp.582-592.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WP3-457V4MD-1M/2/1a2e29d37d71c765a6bb292b6888bb6f

Frederick H. Silver and Bradica, Gino (2002): Mechanobiology of cartilage: how do internal and external stresses affect mechanochemical transduction and elastic energy storage?, Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology 1 [3], pp.219-238.

Frost, H. M. (1987): Bone "mass" and the "mechanostat": a proposal, Anat Rec 219 [1], pp.1-9.

Frost, H. M. and Jee, W. S. (1994): Perspectives: a vital biomechanical model of the endochondral ossification mechanism, Anat Rec 240 [4], pp.435-46.

Fuentes-Boquete, I.; Lopez-Armada, M. J.; Maneiro, E.; Fernandez-Sueiro, J. L.; Carames, B.; Galdo, F.; de Toro, F. J. and Blanco, F. J. (2004): Pig chondrocyte xenoimplants for human chondral defect repair: an in vitro model, Wound Repair Regen 12 [4], pp.444-52..

Fung, Y.C. (1993): Biomechanics: Mechanical properties of living tissues, 2. ed., Springer, New York.

Ghadially, J. A. and Ghadially, F. N. (1975): Evidence of cartilage flow in deep defects in articular cartilage, Virchows Arch B Cell Pathol 18 [3], pp.193-204.

Ghivizzani, S. C.; Oligino, T. J.; Robbins, P. D. and Evans, C. H. (2000): Cartilage injury and repair, Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 11 [2], pp.289-307.

Giannini, S.; Vannini, F. and Buda, R. (2002): Osteoarticular grafts in the treatment of OCD of the talus: mosaicplasty versus autologous chondrocyte transplantation, Foot Ankle Clin 7 [3], pp.621-633..

Goldsmith, A. A. J.; Hayes, A. and Clift, S. E. (1996): Application of finite elements to the stress analysis of articular cartilage, Medical Engineering & Physics 18 [2], pp.89-98.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T9K-3VXF82V-1/2/47c10cff3fe4cbff865e635afde00483

Gole, Madhura D.; Poulsen, Dan; Marzo, John M.; Ko, Seung-Hee and Ziv, Israel (2004): Chondrocyte viability in press-fit cryopreserved osteochondral allografts, Journal of Orthopaedic Research 22 [4], pp.781-787.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6W7R-4BKMXW6-2/2/4e782ccb860785306340dab9f2c72f34

Graichen, H.; von Eisenhart-Rothe, R.; Vogl, T.; Englmeier, K. H. and Eckstein, F. (2004): Quantitative assessment of cartilage status in osteoarthritis by quantitative magnetic resonance imaging: technical validation for use in analysis of cartilage volume and further morphologic parameters, Arthritis Rheum 50 [3], pp.811-6..

Grande, D. A.; Mason, J.; Light, E. and Dines, D. (2003): Stem cells as platforms for delivery of genes to enhance cartilage repair, J Bone Joint Surg Am 85-A [Suppl 2], pp.111-6..

Griffith, L. G. and Naughton, G. (2002): Tissue engineering--current challenges and expanding opportunities, Science 295 [5557], pp.1009-14..

Guilak, F. (2000): The deformation behavior and viscoelastic properties of chondrocytes in articular cartilage, Biorheology 37 [1-2], pp.27-44..

Guilak, F.; Butler, D. L. and Goldstein, S. A. (2001): Functional tissue engineering: the role of biomechanics in articular cartilage repair, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S295-305..

Guilak, F. and Mow, V. C. (2000): The mechanical environment of the chondrocyte: a biphasic finite element model of cell-matrix interactions in articular cartilage, J Biomech 33 [12], pp.1663-1673.

Guo, X. E. (2001): Mechanical Properties of Cortical and Cancellous Bone Tissue, Cowin, S. C., Ed, Bone Mechanics Handbook, 2nd Edition. ed., pp. 10-8 10-18, CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, Florida.

Hall, MC. (1963): The structure of the upper end of the humerus with reference to osteoporotic changes in senescence leading to fractures, Canad Med Ass J 88, pp.290-294.

Hangody, L.; Kish, G.; Karpati, Z.; Szerb, I. and Udvarhelyi, I. (1997): Arthroscopic autogenous osteochondral mosaicplasty for the treatment of femoral condylar articular defects. A preliminary report, Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 5 [4], pp.262-7..

Hangody, L.; Kish, G.; Karpati, Z.; Udvarhelyi, I.; Szigeti, I. and Bely, M. (1998): Mosaicplasty for the treatment of articular cartilage defects: application in clinical practice, Orthopedics 21 [7], pp.751-6..

Hangody, L.; Rathonyi, G. K.; Duska, Z.; Vasarhelyi, G.; Fules, P. and Modis, L. (2004): Autologous osteochondral mosaicplasty. Surgical technique, J Bone Joint Surg Am 86-A [Suppl 1], pp.65-72..

Hangody, Laszlo and Fules, Peter (2003): Autologous Osteochondral Mosaicplasty for the Treatment of Full-Thickness Defects of Weight-Bearing Joints: Ten Years of Experimental and Clinical Experience, J Bone Joint Surg Am 85-A [Suppl 2], pp.25-32.http://www.ejbjs.org/cgi/content/abstract/85/suppl_2/25

Hattori, K.; Takakura, Y.; Morita, Y.; Takenaka, M.; Uematsu, K. and Ikeuchi, K. (2004): Can ultrasound predict histological findings in regenerated cartilage?, Rheumatology (Oxford) 43 [3], pp.302-305. Epub 2003 Oct 29..

Heiner, Anneliese D. and Martin, James A. (2004): Cartilage responses to a novel triaxial mechanostimulatory culture system, Journal of Biomechanics 37 [5], pp.689-695.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T82-49YCX08-1/2/10ecce3d7e8e79293d837d16cf6e871e

Hepp, P.; Lill, H.; Bail, H.; Korner, J.; Niederhagen, M.; Haas, N. P.; Josten, C. and Duda, G. N. (2003): Where should implants be anchored in the humeral head?, Clin Orthop [415], pp.139-47..

Hibbit; Karlsson, J. and Sorensen, M. T. (2003): ABAQUS user's manual.

Hidaka, Chisa; Goodrich, Laurie R.; Chen, Chih-Tung; Warren, Russell F.; Crystal, Ronald G. and Nixon, Alan J. (2003): Acceleration of cartilage repair by genetically modified chondrocytes over expressing bone morphogenetic protein-7, Journal of Orthopaedic Research 21 [4], pp.573-583.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6W7R-48M7SG8-1/2/46a13fd5f0db131c1f6fca5f824db626

Hinterwimmer, S.; von Eisenhart-Rothe, R.; Siebert, M.; Welsch, F.; Vogl, T. and Graichen, H. (2004): Patella kinematics and patello-femoral contact areas in patients with genu varum and mild osteoarthritis, Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 19 [7], pp.704-10..

Hiraki, Y.; Shukunami, C.; Iyama, K. and Mizuta, H. (2001): Differentiation of chondrogenic precursor cells during the regeneration of articular cartilage, Osteoarthritis Cartilage 9 [Suppl A], pp.S102-8..

Hjelle, K.; Solheim, E.; Strand, T.; Muri, R. and Brittberg, M. (2002): Articular cartilage defects in 1,000 knee arthroscopies, Arthroscopy 18 [7], pp.730-734..

Hjertquist, S. O. and Lemperg, R. (1971): Histological, autoradiographic and microchemical studies of spontaneously healing osteochondral articular defects in adult rabbits, Calcif Tissue Res 8 [1], pp.54-72..

Horký, D. (1993): The Submicroscopic Structure of Articular Cartilage in the Adult Pig, Acta Vet. Brno 62, pp.9-18.

Huang, Chun-Yuh; Mow, Van C. and Ateshian, Gerard A. (2001): The Role of Flow-Independent Viscoelasticity in the Biphasic Tensile and Compressive Responses of Articular Cartilage, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 123 [5], pp.410-417.http://link.aip.org/link/?JBY/123/410/1

Huang, Chun-Yuh; Soltz, Michael A.; Kopacz, Monika; Mow, Van C. and Ateshian, Gerard A. (2003): Experimental Verification of the Roles of Intrinsic Matrix Viscoelasticity and Tension-Compression Nonlinearity in the Biphasic Response of Cartilage, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 125 [1], pp.84-93.http://link.aip.org/link/?JBY/125/84/1

Huiskes, R. (1990): The various stress patterns of press-fit, ingrown and cemented femoral stems, Clin.Orthop 261, pp.27-38.

Huiskes, R. (1997): Total joint replacement: on innovation, ambition, courage, irony and morsellized bone, of course, Iowa Orthop J 17, pp.130-133..

Huiskes, R. (1997): Validation of adaptive bone-remodeling simulation models, Stud Health Technol Inform 40, pp.33-48..

Huiskes, R. (2000): If bone is the answer, then what is the question?, J Anat 197 [Pt 2], pp.145-156..

Huiskes, R.; Ruimerman, R.; van Lenthe, G. H. and Janssen, J. D. (2000): Effects of mechanical forces on maintenance and adaptation of form in trabecular bone, Nature 405 [6787], pp.704-706..

Huiskes, R.; Weinans, H.; Grootenboer, H.J.; Dalstra, M.; Fudala, B. and Sloof, T.J. (1987): Adaptive bone remodeling theory applied to prosthetic-design analysis, J.Biomech. 20, pp.1135-1150.

Hunziker, E. B. (1999): Articular cartilage repair: are the intrinsic biological constraints undermining this process insuperable?, Osteoarthritis Cartilage 7 [1], pp.15-28.

Hunziker, E. B. (2002): Articular cartilage repair: basic science and clinical progress. A review of the current status and prospects, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 10 [6], pp.432-463.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WP3-461T53D-2/2/7ca22114093bd6a0227fa1b569b90af2

Hunziker, E. B.; Quinn, T. M. and Hauselmann, H. -J. (2002): Quantitative structural organization of normal adult human articular cartilage, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 10 [7], pp.564-572.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WP3-469VXXX-9/2/52aa8f451bae812aab953ddcce21b5c2

Hunziker, E. B.; Wagner, J. and Studer, D. (1996): Vitrified articular cartilage reveals novel ultra-structural features respecting extracellular matrix architecture, Histochem Cell Biol 106 [4], pp.375-82.

Ikenoue, T.; Trindade, M. C.; Lee, M. S.; Lin, E. Y.; Schurman, D. J.; Goodman, S. B. and Smith, R. L. (2003): Mechanoregulation of human articular chondrocyte aggrecan and type II collagen expression by intermittent hydrostatic pressure in vitro, J Orthop Res 21 [1], pp.110-6..

Indrawattana, N.; Chen, G.; Tadokoro, M.; Shann, L. H.; Ohgushi, H.; Tateishi, T.; Tanaka, J. and Bunyaratvej, A. (2004): Growth factor combination for chondrogenic induction from human mesenchymal stem cell, Biochem Biophys Res Commun 320 [3], pp.914-9..

Jackson, D. W.; Lalor, P. A.; Aberman, H. M. and Simon, T. M. (2001): Spontaneous repair of full-thickness defects of articular cartilage in a goat model. A preliminary study, J Bone Joint Surg Am 83-A [1], pp.53-64..

Jackson, D. W.; Simon, T. M. and Aberman, H. M. (2001): Symptomatic articular cartilage degeneration: the impact in the new millennium, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S14-25..

Johnson, L. L. (2001): Arthroscopic abrasion arthroplasty: a review, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S306-17..

Johnstone, B. and Yoo, J. U. (1999): Autologous mesenchymal progenitor cells in articular cartilage repair, Clin Orthop [367 Suppl], pp.S156-62.

Jones, Wendy R.; Ping Ting-Beall, H.; Lee, Greta M.; Kelley, Scott S.; Hochmuth, Robert M. and Guilak, Farshid (1999): Alterations in the Youngメs modulus and volumetric properties of chondrocytes isolated from normal and osteoarthritic human cartilage, Journal of Biomechanics 32 [2], pp.119-127.

Kääb, M. J.; Ito, K.; Clark, J. M. and Nötzli, H. P. (1998): Deformation of articular cartilage collagen structure under static and cyclic loading, J Orthop Res 16 [6], pp.743-751.

Kaar, T. K.; Fraher, J. P. and Brady, M. P. (1998): A quantitative study of articular repair in the guinea pig, Clin Orthop [346], pp.228-43.

Kelly, D. J. and Prendergast, P. (2004): Mechano-regulation of stem cell differentiation and tissue regeneration in osteochondral defects, Journal of Biomechanics in press.

Kelly, D. J. and Prendergast, P. (2004): Using a Mechano-Regulation Model for Tissue Differentiation to Design an Optimized Scaffold for Osteochondral Defect Repair, ESB2004, Bosch.

Keogh, C. F.; Wong, A. D.; Wells, N. J.; Barbarie, J. E. and Cooperberg, P. L. (2004): High-resolution sonography of the triangular fibrocartilage: initial experience and correlation with MRI and arthroscopic findings, AJR Am J Roentgenol 182 [2], pp.333-6..

Kerner, J.; Huiskes, R.; van Lenthe, G. H.; Weinans, H.; van Rietbergen, B.; Engh, C. A. and Amis, A. A. (1999): Correlation between pre-operative periprosthetic bone density and post-operative bone loss in THA can be explained by strain-adaptive remodelling, Journal of Biomechanics 32 [7], pp.695-703.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T82-3WSMR3M-8/2/7a6375d2f67e5dccdbc17792e5f5fd42

Klein, P. (2001): Histologische, immunhistologische und histomorphometrische Untersuchungen der Wirkung von Systemisch appliziertem speziesspezifischen Wachstumshormon auf einen osteochondralen Knorpeldefekt am Yucatan-Minischwein, Unfall und Wiederhestellungschirurgie Charité - Campus Virchow Klinikum: Freien Universität Berlin.

Koay, Eugene J.; Shieh, Adrian C. and Athanasiou, Kyriacos A. (2003): Creep Indentation of Single Cells, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 125 [3], pp.334-341.http://link.aip.org/link/?JBY/125/334/1 ">http://link.aip.org/link/?JBY/125/334/1

Korhonen, R. K.; Laasanen, M. S.; Toyras, J.; Rieppo, J.; Hirvonen, J.; Helminen, H. J. and Jurvelin, J. S. (2002): Comparison of the equilibrium response of articular cartilage in unconfined compression, confined compression and indentation, Journal of Biomechanics 35 [7], pp.903-909.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T82-45JGXJP-4/2/4923c4b99af47bfe67d199a4b5d82f9a

Korhonen, R. K.; Wong, M.; Arokoski, J.; Lindgren, R.; Helminen, H. J.; Hunziker, E. B. and Jurvelin, J. S. (2002): Importance of the superficial tissue layer for the indentation stiffness of articular cartilage, Medical Engineering & Physics 24 [2], pp.99-108.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T9K-44XTMWF-5/2/50715a620d933ff496457bf3eb5e18e7

Kornaat, P. R.; Doornbos, J.; van der Molen, A. J.; Kloppenburg, M.; Nelissen, R. G.; Hogendoorn, P. C. and Bloem, J. L. (2004): Magnetic resonance imaging of knee cartilage using a water selective balanced steady-state free precession sequence, J Magn Reson Imaging 20 [5], pp.850-6..

Korstjens, C. M.; Nolte, P. A.; Burger, E. H.; Albers, G. H.; Semeins, C. M.; Aartman, I. H.; Goei, S. W. and Klein-Nulend, J. (2004): Stimulation of bone cell differentiation by low-intensity ultrasound--a histomorphometric in vitro study, J Orthop Res 22 [3], pp.495-500..

Krishnan, Ramaswamy; Park, Seonghun; Eckstein, Felix and Ateshian, Gerard A. (2003): Inhomogeneous Cartilage Properties Enhance Superficial Interstitial Fluid Support and Frictional Properties, But Do Not Provide a Homogeneous State of Stress, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 125 [5], pp.569-577.http://link.aip.org/link/?JBY/125/569/1

Kuroki, H.; Nakagawa, Y.; Mori, K.; Ikeuchi, K. and Nakamura, T. (2004): Mechanical effects of autogenous osteochondral surgical grafting procedures and instrumentation on grafts of articular cartilage, Am J Sports Med 32 [3], pp.612-20..

Kuroki, H.; Nakagawa, Y.; Mori, K.; Ohba, M.; Suzuki, T.; Mizuno, Y.; Ando, K.; Takenaka, M.; Ikeuchi, K. and Nakamura, T. (2004): Acoustic stiffness and change in plug cartilage over time after autologous osteochondral grafting: correlation between ultrasound signal intensity and histological score in a rabbit model, Arthritis Res Ther 6 [6], pp.R492-504. Epub 2004 Sep 14..

Laasanen, M. S.; Toyras, J.; Korhonen, R. K.; Rieppo, J.; Saarakkala, S.; Nieminen, M. T.; Hirvonen, J. and Jurvelin, J. S. (2003): Biomechanical properties of knee articular cartilage, Biorheology 40 [1-3], pp.133-140..

Laasanen, M. S.; Toyras, J.; Vasara, A. I.; Hyttinen, M. M.; Saarakkala, S.; Hirvonen, J.; Jurvelin, J. S. and Kiviranta, I. (2003): Mechano-acoustic diagnosis of cartilage degeneration and repair, J Bone Joint Surg Am 85-A [Suppl 2], pp.78-84..

Lacroix, D. and Prendergast, P. (2002): A mechano-regulation model for tissue differentiation during fracture healing: analysis of gap size and loading, Journal of Biomechanics 35 [9], pp.1163-1171.

Lai, W. M.; Gu, W. Y. and Mow, V. C. (1998): On the conditional equivalence of chemical loading and mechanical loading on articular cartilage, J Biomech 31 [12], pp.1181-5..

Lane, J. G.; Massie, J. B.; Ball, S. T.; Amiel, M. E.; Chen, A. C.; Bae, W. C.; Sah, R. L. and Amiel, D. (2004): Follow-up of osteochondral plug transfers in a goat model: a 6-month study, Am J Sports Med 32 [6], pp.1440-50. Epub 2004 Jul 20..

Lanyon, L. E.; Hampson, W. G. J.; Goodship, A. E. and Shah, J. S. (1975): Bone deformation recorded in vivo from strain gauges attached to the human tibial shaft, Acta Orthop Scand. 46, pp.256-268.

Lanyon, L.E. (1976): The measurements of bone strain "in vivo", Acta Orthop Belg, Suppl 1, pp.98-108.

Lauritzen, J. B.; Schwarz, P.; Lund, B.; McNair, P. and Transbol, I. (1993): Changing incidence and residual lifetime risk of common osteoporosis-related fractures, Osteoporos Int 3 [3], pp.127-32..

Lee, Jong Eun; Kim, Ko Eun; Kwon, Ick Chan; Ahn, Hyun Jeong; Lee, Sang-Hoon; Cho, Hyunchul; Kim, Hee Joong; Seong, Sang Chul and Lee, Myung Chul (2004): Effects of the controlled-released TGF-[beta]1 from chitosan microspheres on chondrocytes cultured in a collagen/chitosan/glycosaminoglycan scaffold, Biomaterials 25 [18], pp.4163-4173.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TWB-4B8KB1H-1/2/39d085113d0e6579ac6c69e153104570

Lee, R. B.; Wilkins, R. J.; Razaq, S. and Urban, J. P. (2002): The effect of mechanical stress on cartilage energy metabolism, Biorheology 39 [1-2], pp.133-43..

Leipzig, N. D. and Athanasiou, K. A. (2005): Unconfined creep compression of chondrocytes, J Biomech 38 [1], pp.77-85..

Li, K. W.; Williamson, A. K.; Wang, A. S. and Sah, R. L. (2001): Growth responses of cartilage to static and dynamic compression, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S34-48..

Li, L. P. and Herzog, W. (2004): Strain-rate dependence of cartilage stiffness in unconfined compression: the role of fibril reinforcement versus tissue volume change in fluid pressurization, Journal of Biomechanics 37 [3], pp.375-382.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T82-4967CD5-1/2/51e7d020be36fff9828bf8c5b9c1b3e2

Li, L. P.; Herzog, W.; Korhonen, R. K. and Jurvelin, J. S. (2005): The role of viscoelasticity of collagen fibers in articular cartilage: axial tension versus compression, Medical Engineering & Physics 27 [1], pp.51-57.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T9K-4DR1PMC-1/2/5e76742a221cda7442606cca1b977686

Lill, H.; Hepp, P.; Gowin, W.; Oestmann, J. W.; Korner, J.; Haas, N. P.; Josten, C. and Duda, G. N. (2002): Age- and gender-related distribution of bone mineral density and mechanical properties of the proximal humerus, Rofo Fortschr Geb Rontgenstr Neuen Bildgeb Verfahr 174 [12], pp.1544-50..

Lill, H.; Hepp, P.; Hoffmann, J.E.; Laborowicz, J.; Engel, T.; Josten, C. and Duda, G.N. (2001): Neue Implantate zur Stabilisierung proximaler Humerusfrakturen – Eine vergleichende in-vitro Studie, Osteosynthese International 9, pp.1-9.

Lill, H.; Hepp, P.; Korner, J.; Josten, C. and Duda, G.N. (2001): Histomorphometrische und biomechanische Analyse in unterschiedlichen Regionen des proximalen Humerus, Chirurgisches Forum 30, pp.395-398.

Lill, H.; Hepp, P.; Korner, J.; Kassi, J. P.; Verheyden, A. P.; Josten, C. and Duda, G. N. (2003): Proximal humeral fractures: how stiff should an implant be? A comparative mechanical study with new implants in human specimens, Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 123 [2-3], pp.74-81. Epub 2003 Feb 12..

Lill, H.; Hepp, P.; Rose, T.; Konig, K. and Josten, C. (2004): The angle stable locking-proximal-humerus-plate (LPHP) for proximal humeral fractures using a small anterior-lateral-deltoid-splitting-approach - technique and first results, Zentralbl Chir 129 [1], pp.43-8..

Loboa, E.G; Wren, T.A.L.; Beaupré, G.S. and Carter, B. G. (2003): Mechanobiology of soft skeletal tissue differentiation—a computational approach of a fiber-reinforced poroelastic model based on homogeneous and isotropic simplifications, Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology 2 [2], pp.83-6.

Luyten, F. P. (2004): Mesenchymal stem cells in osteoarthritis, Curr Opin Rheumatol 16 [5], pp.599-603..

Lysaght, M. J. and Hazlehurst, A. L. (2004): Tissue engineering: the end of the beginning, Tissue Eng 10 [1-2], pp.309-20..

Lysaght, M. J. and Reyes, J. (2001): The growth of tissue engineering, Tissue Eng 7 [5], pp.485-93..

Lyyra-Laitinen, T.; Niinimaki, M.; Toyras, J.; Lindgren, R.; Kiviranta, I. and Jurvelin, J. S. (1999): Optimization of the arthroscopic indentation instrument for the measurement of thin cartilage stiffness, Phys Med Biol 44 [10], pp.2511-24.

Lyyra, T.; Jurvelin, J.; Pitkanen, P.; Vaatainen, U. and Kiviranta, I. (1995): Indentation instrument for the measurement of cartilage stiffness under arthroscopic control, Med Eng Phys 17 [5], pp.395-9.

Lyyra, T.; Kiviranta, I.; Vaatainen, U.; Helminen, H. J. and Jurvelin, J. S. (1999): In vivo characterization of indentation stiffness of articular cartilage in the normal human knee, J Biomed Mater Res 48 [4], pp.482-7.

Ma, H. L.; Hung, S. C.; Lin, S. Y.; Chen, Y. L. and Lo, W. H. (2003): Chondrogenesis of human mesenchymal stem cells encapsulated in alginate beads, J Biomed Mater Res 64A [2], pp.273-81..

Maldonado, Zully M.; Seebeck, Jorn; Heller, Markus O. W.; Brandt, Doris; Hepp, Pierre; Lill, Helmut and Duda, Georg N. (2003): Straining of the intact and fractured proximal humerus under physiological-like loading, Journal of Biomechanics 36 [12], pp.1865-1873.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T82-48Y04MT-1/2/b8feff9b59decc2dd7c2bcfb054a7a47

Marti, C. B.; Gautier, E.; Wachtl, S. W. and Jakob, R. P. (2004): Accuracy of frontal and sagittal plane correction in open-wedge high tibial osteotomy, Arthroscopy 20 [4], pp.366-72..

Martin, I.; Obradovic, B.; Freed, L. E. and Vunjak-Novakovic, G. (1999): Method for quantitative analysis of glycosaminoglycan distribution in cultured natural and engineered cartilage, Ann Biomed Eng 27 [5], pp.656-62..

Meinel, Lorenz; Karageorgiou, Vassilis; Fajardo, Robert; Snyder, Brian; Shinde-Patil, Vivek; Zichner, Ludwig; Kaplan, David; Langer, Robert and Vunjak-Novakovic, Gordana (2004): Bone Tissue Engineering Using Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Effects of Scaffold Material and Medium Flow, Annals of Biomedical Engineering 32 [1], pp.112-122.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:ABME.0000007796.48329.b4

Mikic, B. and Carter, D. R. (1995): Bone strain gage data and theoretical models of functional adaptation, J Biomech 28 [4], pp.465-9.

Miller, P. D.; Bonnick, S. L. and Rosen, C. J. (1996): Consensus of an international panel on the clinical utility of bone mass measurements in the detection of low bone mass in the adult population, Calcif Tissue Int 58 [4], pp.207-14..

Ming, Zhang; Zheng, Y. P. and Mak, Arthur F. T. (1997): Estimating the effective Young's modulus of soft tissues from indentation tests--nonlinear finite element analysis of effects of friction and large deformation, Medical Engineering & Physics 19 [6], pp.512-517.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T9K-3RYC4CF-2/2/57c805da22b95552099ca0fcaec4e5d6

Mow, V. C.; Gibbs, M. C.; Lai, W. M.; Zhu, W. B. and Athanasiou, K. A. (1989): Biphasic indentation of articular cartilage--II. A numerical algorithm and an experimental study, J Biomech 22 [8-9], pp.853-61.

Mow, V.C. and Ratcliffe, A. (1997): Structure and function of articular cartilage and meniscus, Mow, V.C. and Hayes, W.C., Eds, Basic Orthopaedics Biomechanics, 2. ed., pp. 113-179, Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia.

Mullender, M. G. and Huiskes, R. (1995): Proposal for the regulatory mechanism of Wolff's law, J Orthop Res 13 [4], pp.503-12..

Müller, M. E.; Nazarian, S. and Koch, P. (1989): Clasification AO des Fractures, Springer, Ed, Berlin, Heidelber, New York.

Nam, E. K.; Makhsous, M.; Koh, J.; Bowen, M.; Nuber, G. and Zhang, L. Q. (2004): Biomechanical and histological evaluation of osteochondral transplantation in a rabbit model, Am J Sports Med 32 [2], pp.308-16..

Naruse, Kouji; Urabe, Ken; Mukaida, Tomoyuki; Ueno, Takeshi; Migishima, Fujio; Oikawa, Astuhiko; Mikuni-Takagaki, Yuko and Itoman, Moritoshi (2004): Spontaneous differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells obtained from fetal rat circulation, Bone 35 [4], pp.850-858.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T4Y-4CYNTWB-1/2/25ad01220083970d4bbac1b93427ab2e

Neer, C.S. (1970): Displaced Proximal Humeral Fractures. Part I. Classification and Evaluation, J Bone Joint Surg Am 52, pp.1077-1089.

Nehrer, S. and Minas, T. (2000): Treatment of articular cartilage defects, Invest Radiol 35 [10], pp.639-46..

Nehrer, S.; Spector, M. and Minas, T. (1999): Histologic analysis of tissue after failed cartilage repair procedures, Clin Orthop 365 [365], pp.149-62..

Newman, A. P. (1998): Articular cartilage repair, Am J Sports Med 26 [2], pp.309-24.

Nieminen, H. J.; Saarakkala, S.; Laasanen, M. S.; Hirvonen, J.; Jurvelin, J. S. and Toyras, J. (2004): Ultrasound attenuation in normal and spontaneously degenerated articular cartilage, Ultrasound Med Biol 30 [4], pp.493-500..

Nieminen, Miika T.; Toyras, Juha; Laasanen, Mikko S.; Silvennoinen, Johanna; Helminen, Heikki J. and Jurvelin, Jukka S. (2004): Prediction of biomechanical properties of articular cartilage with quantitative magnetic resonance imaging, Journal of Biomechanics 37 [3], pp.321-328.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T82-49R5D1D-1/2/43ae36b14c563d09fbb832c0816ec319

Nigg, B. and Herzog, W. (1994): Biomechanics of the Musculo-Skeletal System., John Wiley and Sons, Ltd,, John Wiley and Sons, Ltd,, England.

Nishikori, T.; Ochi, M.; Uchio, Y.; Maniwa, S.; Kataoka, H.; Kawasaki, K.; Katsube, K. and Kuriwaka, M. (2002): Effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound on proliferation and chondroitin sulfate synthesis of cultured chondrocytes embedded in Atelocollagen gel, J Biomed Mater Res 59 [2], pp.201-6..

O'Driscoll, S. W. (1998): The healing and regeneration of articular cartilage, J Bone Joint Surg Am 80 [12], pp.1795-812.

O'Driscoll, S. W. (1999): Articular cartilage regeneration using periosteum, Clin Orthop [367 Suppl], pp.S186-203.

O'Driscoll, S. W. (2001): Preclinical cartilage repair: current status and future perspectives, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S397-401..

O'Driscoll, S. W. and Fitzsimmons, J. S. (2001): The role of periosteum in cartilage repair, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S190-207..

O'Driscoll, S. W.; Keeley, F. W. and Salter, R. B. (1988): Durability of regenerated articular cartilage produced by free autogenous periosteal grafts in major full-thickness defects in joint surfaces under the influence of continuous passive motion. A follow-up report at one year, J Bone Joint Surg Am 70 [4], pp.595-606.

O'Driscoll, S. W. and Salter, R. B. (1986): The repair of major osteochondral defects in joint surfaces by neochondrogenesis with autogenous osteoperiosteal grafts stimulated by continuous passive motion. An experimental investigation in the rabbit, Clin Orthop [208], pp.131-40.

Oreffo, R. O. C. and Triffitt, J. T. (1999): Future potentials for using osteogenic stem cells and biomaterials in orthopedics, Bone 25 [1], pp.5S-9S.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T4Y-3WYHTB5-2/2/4aff6eb108db852c2fcc0033e8d3ea8c

Ozgocmen, S.; Kiris, A.; Kocakoc, E.; Ardicoglu, O. and Kamanli, A. (2004): Evaluation of metacarpophalangeal joint synovitis in rheumatoid arthritis by power Doppler technique: relationship between synovial vascularization and periarticular bone mineral density, Joint Bone Spine 71 [5], pp.384-8..

Park, Seonghun; Costa, Kevin D. and Ateshian, Gerard A. (2004): Microscale frictional response of bovine articular cartilage from atomic force microscopy, Journal of Biomechanics 37 [11], pp.1679-1687.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T82-4C707GX-1/2/d5764eb2faa8809d0c34a695baf28b5c

Pascher, A.; Palmer, G. D.; Steinert, A.; Oligino, T.; Gouze, E.; Gouze, J. N.; Betz, O.; Spector, M.; Robbins, P. D.; Evans, C. H. and Ghivizzani, S. C. (2004): Gene delivery to cartilage defects using coagulated bone marrow aspirate, Gene Ther 11 [2], pp.133-41..

Perez, Pablo and Santos, Andres (2004): Undersampling to acquire nuclear magnetic resonance images, Medical Engineering & Physics 26 [6], pp.523-529.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T9K-4C47FM1-1/2/0076652f94ee8aa8255263dd19840dff

Petersen, J.; Ruecker, A.; D., von Stechowm; Adamietz, P.; Poertner, R.; Rueger, J. M. and Meenen, N. M. (2003): Present and Future Therapies of Articular Cartilage Defects, European Journal of Trauma 29 [1], pp.1-10.

Poole, A. R. (2003): What type of cartilage repair are we attempting to attain?, J Bone Joint Surg Am 85-A [Suppl 2], pp.40-44..

Poole, A. R.; Kojima, T.; Yasuda, T.; Mwale, F.; Kobayashi, M. and Laverty, S. (2001): Composition and structure of articular cartilage: a template for tissue repair, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S26-33..

Porter, Scott E. M. D.; Stull, Douglass M. D.; Kneisl, Jeffrey S. M. D. and Frick, Steven L. M. D. (2004): Informed Consent Is Not Routinely Documented for Procedures Using Allografts. [Article], Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research June 1 [423], pp.287-290.

Prendergast, P. J. (1997): Finite element models in tissue mechanics and orthopaedic implant design, Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 12 [6], pp.343-366..

Prendergast, P. J. and Huiskes, R. (1995): The biomechanics of Wolff's law: recent advances, Ir J Med Sci 164 [2], pp.152-4..

Prendergast, P. J.; Huiskes, R. and Soballe, K. (1997): ESB Research Award 1996. Biophysical stimuli on cells during tissue differentiation at implant interfaces, J Biomech 30 [6], pp.539-48..

Prendergast, P. J.; van Driel, W. D. and Kuiper, J. H. (1996): A comparison of finite element codes for the solution of biphasic poroelastic problems, Proc Inst Mech Eng [H] 210 [2], pp.131-6..

Quinn, T. M.; Grodzinsky, A. J.; Buschmann, M. D.; Kim, Y. J. and Hunziker, E. B. (1998): Mechanical compression alters proteoglycan deposition and matrix deformation around individual cells in cartilage explants, J Cell Sci 111 [Pt 5], pp.573-83..

Raimondi, M.; Boschetti, F.; Falcone, N.; Fiore, G.B.; Remuzzi, A.; Marinoni, E.; Marazzi, M. and Pietrabissa, R. (2001): Mechanobiology of engineered cartilage cultured under a quantified fluid-dynamic environment, Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology 1 [1], pp.69-82.

Ramallal, M.; Maneiro, E.; Lopez, E.; Fuentes-Boquete, I.; Lopez-Armada, M. J.; Fernandez-Sueiro, J. L.; Galdo, F.; De Toro, F. J. and Blanco, F. J. (2004): Xeno-implantation of pig chondrocytes into rabbit to treat localized articular cartilage defects: an animal model, Wound Repair Regen 12 [3], pp.337-45..

Revell, W. J. and Heatley, F. W. (1988): Functional restoration of an articular surface using a heterotopic xenograft: biology of host-implant interactions in the canine patella, Biomaterials 9 [2], pp.173-80.

Roughley, P. J. (2001): Age-associated changes in cartilage matrix: implications for tissue repair, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S153-60..

Ruimerman, R.; Van Rietbergen, B.; Hilbers, P. and Huiskes, R. (2003): A 3-dimensional computer model to simulate trabecular bone metabolism, Biorheology 40 [1-3], pp.315-320..

Rutherford, R.B.; Gu, K.; Racenis, P. and Krebsbach, P.H. (2003): Early Events: The In Vitro Conversion of BMP Transduced Fibroblasts to Chondroblasts, Connective Tissue Research 44 [Supplement 1/Supplement 1], pp.117 - 123.

Saarakkala, S.; Korhonen, R. K.; Laasanen, M. S.; Toyras, J.; Rieppo, J. and Jurvelin, J. S. (2004): Mechano-acoustic determination of Young's modulus of articular cartilage, Biorheology 41 [3-4], pp.167-79..

Saarakkala, S.; Toyras, J.; Hirvonen, J.; Laasanen, M. S.; Lappalainen, R. and Jurvelin, J. S. (2004): Ultrasonic quantitation of superficial degradation of articular cartilage, Ultrasound Med Biol 30 [6], pp.783-92..

Saitoh, S.; Nakatsuchi, Y.; Latta, L. and Milne, E. (1994): Distribution of bone mineral density and bone strength of the proximal humerus, J Shoulder Elbow Surg 3, pp.234-242.

Sakurakichi, Keisuke; Tsuchiya, Hiroyuki; Uehara, Kenji; Yamashiro, Teruhisa; Tomita, Katsuro and Azuma, Yoshiaki (2004): Effects of timing of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound on distraction osteogenesis, Journal of Orthopaedic Research 22 [2], pp.395-403.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6W7R-49CMJY5-5/2/63bbb4787145786a77ec9b1baf8f348d

Salter, R. B.; Simmonds, D. F.; Malcolm, B. W.; Rumble, E. J.; MacMichael, D. and Clements, N. D. (1980): The biological effect of continuous passive motion on the healing of full-thickness defects in articular cartilage. An experimental investigation in the rabbit, J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 62 [8], pp.1232-51.

Sarin, V. K. and Carter, D. R. (2000): Mechanobiology and joint conformity regulate endochondral ossification of sesamoids.[In Process Citation], J Orthop Res 18 [5], pp.706-12.

Schmidt, W. A.; Schmidt, H.; Schicke, B. and Gromnica-Ihle, E. (2004): Standard reference values for musculoskeletal ultrasonography, Ann Rheum Dis 63 [8], pp.988-94..

Scully, S. P.; Lee, J. W.; Ghert, P. M. A. and Qi, W. (2001): The role of the extracellular matrix in articular chondrocyte regulation, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S72-89..

Seebeck, J.; Heller, M.; Schneider, E. and Duda, G.N. (2001): Influence of osteoporosis related morphological changes on tibial strains during walking, 4th Combined Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Societies, Rhodos.

Sgaglione, Nicholas A. (2003): The biological treatment of focal articular cartilage lesions in the knee: future trends?, Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery 19 [Supplement 1], pp.154-160.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WB8-4B3MCNW-10/2/8e7a3c450450d1fd24bd2df9d127d7b8

Shahgaldi, B. Fariba (1998): Repair of large osteochondral defects: load-bearing and structural properties of osteochondral repair tissue, The Knee 5 [2], pp.111-117.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TCJ-3VGRS6V-7/2/af708965613dc666a7db9b6f5588b7e3

Shapiro, F.; Koide, S. and Glimcher, M. J. (1993): Cell origin and differentiation in the repair of full-thickness defects of articular cartilage, J Bone Joint Surg Am 75 [4], pp.532-53.

Shefelbine, Sandra J.; Augat, Peter; Claes, Lutz and Simon, Ulrich: Trabecular bone fracture healing simulation with finite element analysis and fuzzy logic, Journal of Biomechanics In Press, Corrected Proof.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T82-4F65K35-1/2/8ed52bdba0c0ab1473146921cb29c557

Silver, F. H. and Bradica, Gino (2002): Mechanobiology of cartilage: how do internal and external stresses affect mechanochemical transduction and elastic energy storage?, Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology 1 [3], pp.219-238.

Smith, C. L. and Mansour, J. M. (2000): Indentation of an osteochondral repair: sensitivity to experimental variables and boundary conditions, J Biomech 33 [11], pp.1507-1511..

Smith, R. L.; Carter, D. R.; Schurman, D. J. and Smith, R. L. (2004): Pressure and shear differentially alter human articular chondrocyte metabolism: a review, Clin Orthop [427 Suppl], pp.S89-95..

Steadman, J. R.; Rodkey, W. G. and Rodrigo, J. J. (2001): Microfracture: surgical technique and rehabilitation to treat chondral defects, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S362-9..

Steinwachs, M. R. and Kreuz, P. C. (2003): [Combinations of different cartilage resurfacing techniques], Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb 141 [6], pp.625-8..

Sterett, W. I. and Steadman, J. R. (2004): Chondral resurfacing and high tibial osteotomy in the varus knee, Am J Sports Med 32 [5], pp.1243-9. Epub 2004 May 18..

Stone, K. R.; Ayala, G.; Goldstein, J.; Hurst, R.; Walgenbach, A. and Galili, U. (1998): Porcine cartilage transplants in the cynomolgus monkey. III. Transplantation of alpha-galactosidase-treated porcine cartilage, Transplantation 65 [12], pp.1577-83..

Strunk, J.; Heinemann, E.; Neeck, G.; Schmidt, K. L. and Lange, U. (2004): A new approach to studying angiogenesis in rheumatoid arthritis by means of power Doppler ultrasonography and measurement of serum vascular endothelial growth factor, Rheumatology 7, p.7.

Suh, J. K.; Li, Z. and Woo, S. L. (1995): Dynamic behavior of a biphasic cartilage model under cyclic compressive loading, J Biomech 28 [4], pp.357-64.

Tibesku, C. O.; Szuwart, T.; Kleffner, T. O.; Schlegel, P. M.; Jahn, U. R.; Van Aken, H. and Fuchs, S. (2004): Hyaline cartilage degenerates after autologous osteochondral transplantation, Journal of Orthopaedic Research 22 [6], pp.1210-1214.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6W7R-4CJCS8X-1/2/626f1f453673b92e53d3eb0bf799a15a

Tis, John E.; Meffert, Rainer H.; Inoue, Nozomu; McCarthy, Edward F.; Machen, M. Shaun; McHale, Kathleen A. and Chao, Edmund Y. S. (2002): The effect of low intensity pulsed ultrasound applied to rabbit tibiae during the consolidation phase of distraction osteogenesis, Journal of Orthopaedic Research 20 [4], pp.793-800.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6W7R-451S7NY-1/2/38b00345abc0b16ec00dddfaea9dd160

Toyras, J.; Lyyra-Laitinen, T.; Niinimaki, M.; Lindgren, R.; Nieminen, M. T.; Kiviranta, I. and Jurvelin, J. S. (2001): Estimation of the Young's modulus of articular cartilage using an arthroscopic indentation instrument and ultrasonic measurement of tissue thickness, J Biomech 34 [2], pp.251-6..

Trickey, Wendy R.; Baaijens, Frank P. T.; Laursen, Tod A.; Alexopoulos, Leonidas G. and Guilak, Farshid: Determination of the Poisson's ratio of the cell: recovery properties of chondrocytes after release from complete micropipette aspiration, Journal of Biomechanics In Press, Corrected Proof.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T82-4F7S0WK-2/2/a145dde0b091266264892a30a4166b34

Trumble, Thomas M. D. and Verheyden, James M. D. (2004): Remodeling of Articular Defects in an Animal Model. [Report], Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research June 1 [423], pp.59-63.

Tsili, M. C. (2000): Theoretical solutions for internal bone remodeling of diaphyseal shafts using adaptive elasticity theory, Journal of Biomechanics 33 [2], pp.235-239.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T82-3Y6HBCC-G/2/c96dee5768aa88b6d1ec69e3d8dcb089

Ueblacker, P.; Burkart, A. and Imhoff, A. B. (2004): Retrograde cartilage transplantation on the proximal and distal tibia, Arthroscopy 20 [1], pp.73-78..

Valhmu, W. B.; Stazzone, E. J.; Bachrach, N. M.; Saed-Nejad, F.; Fischer, S. G.; Mow, V. C. and Ratcliffe, A. (1998): Load-controlled compression of articular cartilage induces a transient stimulation of aggrecan gene expression, Arch Biochem Biophys 353 [1], pp.29-36..

van den Berg, W. B.; van der Kraan, P. M.; Scharstuhl, A. and van Beuningen, H. M. (2001): Growth factors and cartilage repair, Clin Orthop [391 Suppl], pp.S244-50..

van der Helm, F.C.T. (1991): The shoulder mechanism. A dynamic approach. Ph.D. thesis, 0. ed., van der Helm, F.C.T., Ed, Delft University of Technology, Delft.

van der Helm, F.C.T. and Veenbaas, R. (1991): Modelling the mechanical effect of muscles with large attachment sites: application to the shoulder mechanism, J.Biomech. 24, pp.1151-1163.

van der Meulen, Marjolein C. H. and Huiskes, Rik (2002): Why mechanobiology?: A survey article, Journal of Biomechanics 35 [4], pp.401-414.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T82-45FXTVB-2/2/4ec81cc5602cb5a21d72e05b0a9686b9

van Rietbergen, B.; Huiskes, R.; Weinans, H.; Sumner, D. R.; Turner, T. M. and Galante, J. O. (1993): ESB Research Award 1992. The mechanism of bone remodeling and resorption around press-fitted THA stems, J Biomech 26 [4-5], pp.369-382.

Vena, P.; Verdonschot, N.; Contro, R. and Huiskes, R. (2000): Sensitivity Analysis and Optimal Shape Design for Bone-Prosthesis Interfaces in a Femoral Head Surface Replacement, Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin 3 [3], pp.245-256..

von Rechenberg, B.; Akens, M. K.; Nadler, D.; Bittmann, P.; Zlinszky, K.; Kutter, A.; Poole, A. R. and Auer, J. A. (2003): Changes in subchondral bone in cartilage resurfacing--an experimental study in sheep using different types of osteochondral grafts, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 11 [4], pp.265-277.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WP3-488FS08-B/2/9873b8b840d75cc81c7c6fe88b555d8d

von Rechenberg, B.; Akens, M. K.; Nadler, D.; Bittmann, P.; Zlinszky, K.; Neges, K. and Auer, J. A. (2004): The use of photooxidized, mushroom-structured osteochondral grafts for cartilage resurfacing--a comparison to photooxidized cylindrical grafts in an experimental study in sheep, Osteoarthritis Cartilage 12 [3], pp.201-16..

Wakitani, S.; Goto, T.; Pineda, S. J.; Young, R. G.; Mansour, J. M.; Caplan, A. I. and Goldberg, V. M. (1994): Mesenchymal cell-based repair of large, full-thickness defects of articular cartilage, J Bone Joint Surg Am 76 [4], pp.579-92.

Waldman, S. D.; Spiteri, C. G.; Grynpas, M. D.; Pilliar, R. M.; Hong, J. and Kandel, R. A. (2003): Effect of biomechanical conditioning on cartilaginous tissue formation in vitro, J Bone Joint Surg Am 85-A [Suppl 2], pp.101-5..

Wang, C. C.; Guo, X. E.; Sun, D.; Mow, V. C.; Ateshian, G. A. and Hung, C. T. (2002): The functional environment of chondrocytes within cartilage subjected to compressive loading: a theoretical and experimental approach, Biorheology 39 [1-2], pp.11-25..

Wang, M. and Yu, C. (2004): Silicone rubber: an alternative for repair of articular cartilage defects, Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 31, p.31.

Wang, Xiaobo and Dumas, Genevieve A. (2002): Simulation of bone adaptive remodeling using a stochastic process as loading history, Journal of Biomechanics 35 [3], pp.375-380.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T82-44GDY3X-2/2/25ffcbf448d784ab68b7d49c7d921cdd

Wang, Xuanhui; Grogan, Shawn P.; Rieser, Franz; Winkelmann, Verena; Maquet, Veronique; Berge, Martine La and Mainil-Varlet, Pierre (2004): Tissue engineering of biphasic cartilage constructs using various biodegradable scaffolds: an in vitro study, Biomaterials 25 [17], pp.3681-3688.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TWB-4BRSF7F-1/2/b014ab74a52a572cc6576aa80c5c6bc4

Wei, X. and Messner, K. (1998): Age- and injury-dependent concentrations of transforming growth factor-beta 1 and proteoglycan fragments in rabbit knee joint fluid, Osteoarthritis Cartilage 6 [1], pp.10-8..

Wong, M. and Carter, D. R. (2003): Articular cartilage functional histomorphology and mechanobiology: a research perspective, Bone 33, pp.1-13.

Wu, J. Z. and Herzog, W. (2002): Elastic anisotropy of articular cartilage is associated with the microstructures of collagen fibers and chondrocytes, Journal of Biomechanics 35 [7], pp.931-942.http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T82-45MDRMB-3/2/a33bc58db48375116d4b9718366ef275

Wu, J. Z.; Herzog, W. and Epstein, M. (1999): Modelling of location- and time-dependent deformation of chondrocytes during cartilage loading, J Biomech 32 [6], pp.563-72..

Zannoni, C.; Mantovani, R. and Viceconti, M. (1998): Material properties assignment to finite element models of bone structures: a new method, Med Eng Phys 20 [10], pp.735-40..

Zhang, Z. J.; Huckle, J.; Francomano, C. A. and Spencer, R. G. (2002): The influence of pulsed low-intensity ultrasound on matrix production of chondrocytes at different stages of differentiation: an explant study, Ultrasound Med Biol 28 [11-12], pp.1547-53..

Zhang, Z. J.; Huckle, J.; Francomano, C. A. and Spencer, R. G. (2003): The effects of pulsed low-intensity ultrasound on chondrocyte viability, proliferation, gene expression and matrix production, Ultrasound Med Biol 29 [11], pp.1645-51..

Zheng, Y. P.; Bridal, S. L.; Shi, J.; Saied, A.; Lu, M. H.; Jaffre, B.; Mak, A. F. and Laugier, P. (2004): High resolution ultrasound elastomicroscopy imaging of soft tissues: system development and feasibility, Phys Med Biol 49 [17], pp.3925-38..

Zhurakovskii, I. P.; Ryzhov, A. I. and Komandenko, N. I. (2002): Pathomorphological Changes in Hyaline Cartilage during Focal Persistent Infection, Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine 134 [4], pp.414-417.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1021989121667


© Die inhaltliche Zusammenstellung und Aufmachung dieser Publikation sowie die elektronische Verarbeitung sind urheberrechtlich geschützt. Jede Verwertung, die nicht ausdrücklich vom Urheberrechtsgesetz zugelassen ist, bedarf der vorherigen Zustimmung. Das gilt insbesondere für die Vervielfältigung, die Bearbeitung und Einspeicherung und Verarbeitung in elektronische Systeme.
XDiML DTD Version 4.0Zertifizierter Dokumentenserver
der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
HTML-Version erstellt am:
15.11.2007