[Seite 100↓]

5 Literatur

Abd El Haleem, D., von Wintzingerode, F., Moter, A., Moawad, H., Göbel, U. B. (2000) . Phylogenetic analysis of rhizosphere-associated β -subclass proteobacterial ammonia oxidizers in a municipal wastewater treatment plant based on rhizoremediation technology. Lett Appl Microbiol 31:34-38.

Adrian, L., Szewzyk, U., Wecke, U., Görisch, H. (2000) . Bacterial dehalorespiration with chlorinated benzenes. Nature 408:580-583.

Akkermans, A. D. L., Sajjad Mirza, M., Harmsen, H. J. M., Blok, H. J., Herron, P. R., Sessitsch, A., Akkermans, W. M. (1994). Molecular ecology of microbes: A review of promises, pitfalls and true progress. FEMS Microbiol. Rev . 15:185-194.

Alard, P., Lantz, O., Sebagh, M., Calvo, C. F., Weill, D., Chavanel, G., Senik, A., Charpentier, B. (1993). A versatile ELISA-PCR assay for mRNA quantitation from a few cells. Biotechniques 15:730-737.

Amann, R. I., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K. H. (1995) . Phylogenetic identification and in situ detection of individual microbial cells without cultivation. Microbiol Rev 59:143-169.

Amann, R. I., Ludwig, W. (2000) . Ribosomal RNA-targeted nucleic acid probes for studies in microbial ecology. FEMS Microbiol Rev 24:555-565.

ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry) - Public Health Statement (1989). http://atsdr1.atsdr.cdc.gov:8080/ToxProfiles/phs8912.html

Barns, S. M., Fundyga, R. E., Jeffries, M. W., Pace, N. R. (1994) . Remarkable archaeal diversity detected in a Yellowstone National Park hot spring environment. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91:1609-1613.

Becker, S., Boger, P., Oehlmann, R., Ernst, A. (2000) . PCR bias in ecological analysis: A case study for quantitative Taq nuclease assays in analyses of microbial communities. Appl Environ Microbiol 66:4945-4953.

Beitz, H., Schmidt, H., Herzel, F. (1994) . Occurence, toxicological and ecotoxicological significance of pesticides in groundwater and surface water. In: Chemistry of plant protection. Pesticides in ground and surface water. Börner, H., Beitz, H. (Hrsg.). Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 3-56.

Berliner Liste der Senatsverwaltung für Inneres, Berlin (1996) . Bewertungskriterien für die Beurteilung stofflicher Belastungen von Böden und Grundwasser in Berlin. Amtsblatt von Berlin 46 (15):957-987.

Borneman, J., Skroch, P. W., O'Sullivan, K. M., Palus, J. A., Rumjanek, N. G., Jansen, J. L., Nienhuis, J., Triplett, E. W. (1996). Molecular microbial diversity of an agricultural soil in Wisconsin. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:1935-1943.

Bouchard, B., Beaudet, R., Villemur, R., McSween, G., Lepine, F., Bisaillon, J. G . (1996) . Isolation and characterization of Desulfitobacterium frappieri sp. nov., an anaerobic bacterium which reductively dechlorinates pentachlorophenol to 3-chlorophenol. Int J Syst Bacteriol 46:1010-1015.

Bouwer, E. J., Wright, J. P . (1988) . Transformations of trace halogenated aliphatics in anoxic biofilm columns. J Contam Hydrol 2:155-169.

Boyle, J. S., Lew, A. M. (1995) . An inexpensive alternative to glassmilk for DNA-purification. Trends in Genetics 11:8.

Brack, W., Rottler H., Frank, H. (1998) . Volatile fractions of landfill leachates and their effect on Chlamydomonas reinhardtii : In vivo chlorophyll A fluorescence. Toxicol Chem 17:1982-1991.

Brockman, F. J. (1995) . Nucleic-acid-based methods for monitoring the performance of in situ bioremediation. Mol Ecol 4:567-578.


[Seite 101↓]

BUA (1995) . 1,2-Dichlorpropan. Beratergremium für umweltrelevante Abfallstoffe (BUA) der Gesellschaft deutscher Chemiker (GDCh), Stoffbericht 155. Stuttgart: S. Hirzel Verlag.

Bull, A. T., Ward, A. C., Goodfellow, M. (2000) . Search and discovery strategies for biotechnology: The paradigm shift. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 64:573-606.

Cato, E. P., George, W. L., Finegold, S. M. (1986) . The genus Clostridium . In: Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology. Sneath, H. A., Mair, N. S., Sharpe, M. E. Holt. J. G. (Edit.). Baltimore: The Williams & Wilkins Co ., 1141-1200.

Chandler, D. P., Frederickson, J. K., Brockman, F. J. (1997) . Effect of PCR template concentration on the composition and distribution of total community 16S rDNA clone libraries. Mol Ecol 6:475-482.

Choi, B. K., Paster, B. J., Dewhirst, F. E., Göbel, U. B. (1994) . Diversity of cultivable and uncultivable oral spirochetes from a patient with severe destructive periodontitis. Infect Immun 62:1889-1895.

Christiansen, N., Ahring, B. K. (1996) . Desulfitobacterium hafniense sp. nov., an anaerobic, reductively dechlorinating bacterium. Int J Syst Bacteriol 46:442-448.

Cottrell, M. T., Kirchman, D. L. (2000) . Community composition of marine bacterioplankton determined by 16S rRNA gene clone libraries and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Appl Environ Microbiol 66:5116-5122.

Criddle, C. S., McCarthy, P. L., Elliot, M. C., Barker, J. F. (1986) . Reduction of hexachloroethane to tetrachloroethylene in groundwater. J Contam Hydrol 1:133-142.

DeLong, E. F., Wickham, G. S., Pace, N. R. (1989) . Phylogenetic stains: ribosomal RNA-based probes for the identification of single cells. Science 243:1360-1362.

Diekert, G. (1992) . The acetogenic bacteria. In: The prokaryotes. Balows, A., Trüper, H. G., Dworkin, M., Harder, W., Schleifer, K.-H. (Edit.). New York: Springer-Verlag, 517-533.

Diekert, G. (1995) . Reduktive Dechlorierung als respiratorischer Prozeß in anaeroben Bakterien. In: Mikrobielle Eliminierung von chlororganischen Verbindungen, Schriftenreihe Biologische Abwasserreinigung, Nr. 6. Berlin: Technische Universität Berlin, 149-158.

Dojka, M. A., Hugenholtz, P., Haack, S. K., Pace, N. R. (1998) . Microbial diversity in a hydrocarbon- and chlorinated-solvent-contaminated aquifer undergoing intrinsic bioremediation. Appl Environ Microbiol 64:3869-3877.

Dojka, M. A., Harris, J. K., Pace, N. R. (2000) . Expanding the known diversity and environmental distribution of an uncultured phylogenetic division of bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol 66:1617-1621.

Dunbar, J., Ticknor, L. O., Kuske, C. R. (2000) . Assessment of microbial diversity in four southwestern United States soils by 16S rRNA gene terminal restriction fragment analysis. Appl Environ Microbiol 66:2943-2950.

El Fantroussi, S., Naveau, H., Agathos, S. N. (1998) . Anaerobic dechlorinating bacteria. Biotechnol Prog 14:167-188.

Engelen, B., Meinken, K., von Wintzingerode, F., Heuer, H., Malkomes, H.-P., Backhaus, H. (1998) . Monitoring impact of a pesticide treatment on bacterial soil communities by metabolic and genetic fingerprinting in addition to conventional testing procedures. Appl Environ Microbiol 64:2814-2821.

Farrelly, V., Rainey, F. A., Stackebrandt, E. (1995) . Effect of genome size and rrn gene copy number on PCR amplification of 16S rRNA genes from a mixture of bacterial species. Appl Environ Microbiol 61:2798-2801.

Felsenstein, J. (1985) . Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39:783-791.


[Seite 102↓]

Felske, A., Akkermans, A. D. L., de Vos, W. M. (1998a) . Quantification of 16S rRNAs in complex bacterial communities by multiple competitive reverse transcription-PCR in temperature gradient gel electrophoresis fingerprints. Appl Environ Microbiol 64:4581-4587.

Felske, A., Akkermans, A. D. L., de Vos, W. M. (1998b) . In situ detection of an uncultured predominant bacillus in Dutch grassland soils. Appl Environ Microbiol 64:4588-4590.

Ferris, M. J., Muyzer, G., Ward, D. M. (1996) . Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis profiles of 16S rRNA-defined populations inhabiting a hot spring microbial mat community. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:340-346.

Fetzner, S., Lingens, F. (1994) . Bacterial dehalogenases: Biochemistry, genetics, and biotechnological applications. Microbiol Rev 58:641-685.

Fetzner, S. (1998) . Bacterial dehalogenation. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 50:633-657.

Field. K. G., Gordon, D., Wright, T., Rappe, M., Urback, E., Vergin, K., Giovannoni, S. J. (1997) . Diversity and depth-specific distribution of SAR11 cluster rRNA genes from marine planktonic bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol 63:63-70.

Friedrich, M., Springer, N., Ludwig, W., Schink, B. (1996) . Phylogenetic positions of Desulfofustis glycolicus gen. nov., sp. nov., and Syntrophobotulus glycolicus gen. nov., sp. nov., two new strict anaerobes growing with glycolic acid. Int J Syst Bacteriol 46:1065-1069.

Garrett, R. H., Grisham, C. M. (1995) . Chemistry 420 - Principles of Biochemistry, 16S rRNA Secondary Structure. http://www.nd.edu/~aseriann/rna.html .

Gerritse, J., Renard, V., Gomes, T. M. P., Lawson, P. A., Collins, M. D., Gottschal, J. C. (1996) . Desulfitobacterium sp. strain PCE1, an anaerobic bacterium that can grow by reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethene or ortho-chlorinated phenols. Arch Microbiol 165:132-140.

Glöckner, F. O., Fuchs, B. M., Amann, R. (1999) . Bacterioplankton compositions of lakes and oceans: a first comparison based on fluorescence in situ hybridization. Appl Environ Microbiol 65:3721-3726.

Göbel, U. B. (1995) . Phylogenetic amplification for the detection of uncultured bacteria and the analysis of complex microbiota. J Microbiol Meth 23:117-128.

Godon, J. J., Zumstein, E., Dabert, P., Habouzit, F., Moletta, R. (1997) . Molecular microbial diversity of an anaerobic digestor as determined by small-subunit rDNA sequence analysis. Appl Environ Microbiol 63:2802-2813.

Grove, G., Szeto, S. Y., Liebscher, H., Hii, B., Zebarth, B. J. (1998) . Occurrence of 1,2-dichloropropane and 1,3-dichloropropene in the Abbotsford aquifer, British Columbia. Wat Qual Res J Can 33:51-71.

Grüntzig, V., Nold, S. C., Zhou, J., Tiedje, J. M. (2001) . Pseudomonas stutzeri nitrite reductase gene abundance in environmental samples measured by real-time PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol 67:760-768.

Häggblom, M. M., Rivera, M. D., Young, L. Y. (1996) . Anaerobic degradation of halogenated benzoic acids coupled to denitrification observed in a variety of sediment and soil samples. FEMS Microbiol Lett 144:213-219.

Hamilton, W. A. (1987) . Microbial interactions and metabolic activities. In: Ecology of microbial environments. Flechter M., Gray, T. R. G., Jones, J. G. (Hrsg.). New York: Cambridge University Press, 124-149.

Hansen, M. C., Tolker-Nielsen, T., Givskov, M., Molin, S. (1998) . Biased 16S rDNA PCR amplification caused by interference from DNA flanking the template region. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 26:141-149.

Harmsen, H. J., van Kuijk, B. L., Plugge, C. M., Akkermans, A. D. L., de Vos, W. M., Stams, A. J. (1998) . Syntrophobacter fumaroxidans sp. nov., a syntrophic propionate-degrading sulfate-reducing bacterium. Int J Syst Bacteriol 48:1383-1387.


[Seite 103↓]

Hastings, R. C., Saunders, J. R., Hall, G. H., Pickup, R. W., McCarthy, A. J. (1998) . Application of molecular biological techniques to a seasonal study of ammonia oxidation in a eutrophic freshwater lake. Appl Environ Microbiol 64:3674-3682.

Hattori, T., Mitsui, H., Haga, H., Wakao, N., Shikano, S., Gorlach, K., Kasahara, Y., El-Beltagy, A., Hattori, R. (1997). Advances in soil microbial ecology and the biodiversity. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 72:21-28.

Hauck, R., Hegemann, W. (1999) . Untersuchungen zum mikrobiellen Abbau von 1,2-Dichlorpropan im Wirbelbettreaktor. gwf Wasser Abwasser 140:843-851.

Hauck, R. (2000). Entwicklung eines kontinuierlichen Verfahrens zur mikrobiellen Elimination von 1,2-Dichlorpropan in kontaminierten Wässern. Berichte zur Siedlungswasserwirtschaft, Nr. 13. Berlin: Technische Universität Berlin.

Head, I. M., Saunders, J. R., Pickup, R. W. (1998). Microbial evolution, diversity, and ecology: A decade of ribosomal RNA analysis of uncultivated microorganisms. Microb Eco l 35:1-21.

Heid, C. A., Stevens, J., Livak, K. J., Williams, P. M. (1996). Real time quantitative PCR. Genome Res 6:986-994.

Heldal, M., Bratbak, G. (1991). Production and decay of viruses in aquatic environments. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 72:205-212.

Hempel, D. C., Krull, R. (1996) . Biologische Behandlung von Abwässern mit schwerabbaubaren Inhaltsstoffen. In: Additiver Umweltschutz: Behandlung von Abwässern. Handbuch des Umweltschutzes und der Umweltschutztechnik. Brauer, H. (Hrsg.) Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 321-390.

Hermansson, A., Lindgren, P. (2001) . Quantification of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in arable soil by real-time PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol 67:972-976.

Higuchi, R., Dollinger, G., Walsh, P. S., Griffith, R. (1992) . Simultaneous amplification and detection of specific DNA sequences. Biotechnology 10:413-417.

Holden, P. W. (1986) . Pesticides and groundwater quality - issues and problems in four states. National Academy Press, Washington, D. C.

Holliger, C., Schraa, G. (1994) . Physiological meaning and potential for application of reductive dechlorination by anaerobic bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Rev 15:297-305.

Holliger, C., Hahn, D., Harmsen, H., Ludwig, W., Schuhmacher, W., Tindall, B., Vazquez, F., Weiss, N., Zehnder, A. J. B. (1998). Dehalobacter restrictus gen. nov. and sp. nov., a strictly anaerobic bacterium that reductively dechlorinates tetra- and trichloroethene in an anaerobic respiration. Arch Microbiol 169:313-321.

Holliger, C., Schumacher, W. (1994) . Reductive dehalogenation as a respiratory process. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 66:239-246.

Hugenholtz, P., Pitulle, C., Hershberger, K. L., Pace, N. R. (1998a) . Novel division level bacterial diversity in a Yellowstone hot spring. J Bacteriol 180:366-376.

Hugenholtz, P., Goebel, B. M., Pace, N. R. (1998b) . Impact of culture-independent studies on the emerging phylogenetic view of bacterial diversity. J Bacteriol 180:4765-4774.

Hunter-Cevera, J. C. (1998) . The value of microbial diversty. Curr Opin Microbiol 1:278-285.

IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) (1986) . 1,2-Dichloropropane. IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risk Chem Hum 41:131-137.

Jones, L., Owen, S. A., Horrell, P., Burns, R. G. (1998) . Bacterial inoculation of granular activated carbon filters for the removal of atrazine from surface water. Wat Res 32:2542-2549.

Jukes, T. H., Cantor, C. R. (1969). Evolution of protein molecules. In: Mammalian protein metabolism. Munro, H. N. (Edit.). New York: Academic Press, 21-132.


[Seite 104↓]

Kageyama, A., Sakamoto, M., Benno, Y. (2000). Rapid indentification and quantification of Collinsella aerofaciens using PCR. FEMS Microbiol Let 183:43-47.

Kahlich, D., Wiechern, U., Lindner, J. (1993). Propylene oxide. In: Ullman's encyclopedia of industrial chemistry. 5. Auflage. Vol. A22. Gerhartz, W., Elvers, B., (Hrsg.). Weinheim: VCH-Verlagsgesellschaft.

Kengen, S. W., Breidenbach, C. G., Felske, A., Stams, A. J., Schraa G., de Vos, W. M. (1999) . Reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethene to cis-1,2-dichloroethene by a thermophilic anaerobic enrichment culture. Appl Environ Microbiol 65:2312-2316.

Kolter, R., Siegele, D. A., Tormo, A. (1993) . The stationary phase of the bacterial life cycle. Annu Rev Microbiol 47:855-874.

Langer, E. (1986). Chlorinated hydrocarbons, chloropropanes.In: Ullmann's encyclopedia of industrial chemistry, 5. Auflage, Vol. A6. Gerhartz, W., Elvers, B. (Hrsg.). Weinheim: VCH-Verlagsgesellschaft.

Larsen, N., Olsen, G. J., Maidak, B. L., McCaughey, M. J., Overbeek, R., Macke, T. J., Marsh, T. L., Woese, C. R. (1993). The ribosomal database project. Nucl Acids Res 21:3021-3023.

Leclerc, M., Delbes, C., Moletta, R., Godon, J. (2001) . Single strand conformation polymorphism monitoring of 16S rDNA Archaea during start-up of an anaerobic digester. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 34:213-220.

Lee D. H., Zo, Y. G., Kim, S. J. (1996) . Non-radioactive method to study genetic profiles of natural bacterial communities by PCR-single-strand-conformation polymorphism. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:3112-3120.

Leistra, M., Boesten, J. J. T. I. (1989) . Pesticide contamination of groundwater in western Europe. Agric Ecosyst Environ 26:369-389.

Li, L., Kato, C., Horikoshi, K. (1999). Bacterial diversity in deep-sea sediments from different depths. Biodiv Conserv 8:659-677.

Liesack, W., Weyland, H., Stackebrandt, E. (1991). Potential risks of gene amplification by PCR as determined by 16S rDNA analysis of a mixed culture of strict barophylic bacteria. Microb Ecol 21:191-198.

Liesack, W., Stackebrandt, E. (1992 ). Occurrence of novel groups of the domain Bacteria as revealed by analysis of genetic material from an australian terrestrial environment. J Bacteriol 174, 5072-5078.

Liu, W. T., Marsh, T. L., Cheng, H., Forney, L. J. (1997). Characterization of microbial diversity by determining terminal restriction fragment length polymorphisms of genes encoding 16S rRNA. Appl Environ Microbiol 63:4516-4522.

Livak, K. J., Flood, S. J., Marmaro, J., Giusti, W., Deetz, K. (1995). Oligonucleotides with fluorescent dyes at opposite ends provide a quenched probe system useful for detecting PCR product and nucleic acid hybridization. PCR Methods Appl 4:357-362.

Löffler, F. E., Champine, J. E., Ritalahti, K. M., Sprague, S. J., Tiedje. J. M. (1997). Complete reductive dechlorination of 1,2-dichloropropane by anaerobic bacteria . Appl Environ Microbiol 63:2870-2875.

Löffler, F. E., Tiedje, J. M., Sanford, R. A. (1999). Fraction of electrons consumed in electron acceptor reduction and hydrogen thresholds as indicators of halorespiratory physiology. Appl Environ Microbiol 65:4049-4056.

Löffler, F. E., Sun, Q., Li, J., Tiedje. J. M. (2000). 16S rRNA gene-based detection of tetrachloroethene-dechlorinating Desulfuromonas and Dehalococcoides species. Appl Environ Microbiol 66:1369-1374.


[Seite 105↓]

Lomans, B. P., Maas, R., Luderer, R., op den Camp, H. J., Pol, A., van der Drift, C., Vogels, G. D. (1999). Isolation and characterization of Methanomethylovorans hollandica gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from freshwater sediment, a methylotrophic methanogen able to grow on dimethyl sulfide and methanethiol. Appl Environ Microbiol 65:3641-3650.

Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.-H. (1994). Bacterial phylogeny based on 16S and 23S rRNA sequence analysis. FEMS Microbiol Rev 15:155-173.

Ludwig, W., Strunk, O., Klugbauer, S., Klugbauer, N., Weizenegger, M., Neumaier, J., Bachleitner, M., Schleifer, K.-H. (1998 ). Bacterial phylogeny based on comparative sequence analysis. Electrophoresis 19:554-568.

Lyons, S. R., Griffen, A. L., Leys, E. J. (2000). Quantitative real-time PCR for Porphyromonas gingivalis and total Bacteria. J Clin Microbiol 38:2362-2365.

Mägli, A., Wendt, M., Leisinger, T. (1996) . Isolation and characterization of Dehalobacterium formicoaceticum gen. nov. sp. nov., a strictly anaerobic bacterium utilizing dichloromethane as source of carbon and energy. Arch Microbiol 166:101-108.

Manz, W., Wendt-Potthoff, K., Neu, T. R., Szewzyk, U., Lawrence, J. R. (1999) . Phylogenetic composition, spatial structure, and dynamics of lotic bacterial biofilms investigated by fluorescent in situ hybridization and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Microb Ecol 37:225-237.

Massol-Deyá, A., Whallon, J., Hickey, R. F., Tiedje, J. M. (1995). Channel structures in aerobic biofilms of fixed-film reactors treating contaminated groundwater. Appl Environ Microbiol 61:769-777.

Massol-Deyá, A., Weller, R., Ríos-Hernández, L., Zhou, J.-Z., Hickey, R. F., Tiedje, J. M. (1997) . Succession and convergence of biofilm communities in fixed-film reactors treating aromatic hydrocarbons in groundwater. Appl Environ Microbiol 63:270-276.

Mathews, S. A., Volp, K. M., Timms, P. (1999). Development of a quantitative gene expression assay for Chlamydia trachomatis identified temporal expression of σ -factors. FEBS Letters 458:354-358.

Maymó-Gatell, X., Tandoi, V., Gossett, J. M., Zinder, S. H. (1995) . Characterization of an H2-utilizing enrichment culture that reductively dechlorinates tetrachloroethene to vinyl chloride and ethene in the absence of methanogenesis and acetogenesis. Appl Environ Microbiol 61:3928-3933.

Maymó-Gatell, X., Chien, Y., Gossett, J. M., Zinder, S. H. (1997) . Isolation of a bacterium that reductively dechlorinates tetrachloroethene to ethene. Science 276:1568-1571.

McGrath, J. E., Harfoot, C. G. (1997) . Reductive dehalogenation of halocarboxylic acids by the phototrophic genera Rhodospirillum and Rhodopseudomonas. Appl Environ Microbiol 63:3333-3335.

Meierling, L. (1998) . Untersuchungen zur mikrobiellen Reinigung organisch belasteter Grundwässer in Kombination mit chemischen und physikalischen Verfahren, Berichte zur Siedlungswasserwirtschaft, Nr. 5. Berlin: Technische Universität Berlin.

Meijer, W. G., Nienhuis-Kuiper, M. E., Hansen, T. A. (1999) . Fermentative bacteria from estuarine mud: phylogenetic position of Acidaminobacter hydrogenoformans and description of a new type of gram-negative, propionigenic bacterium as Propionibacter pelophilus gen. nov., sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 49:1039-1044.

Merriman, J. C., Struger, J., Szawiola, R. S. (1991). Distribution of 1,3-dichloropropene and 1,2-dichloropropane in Big Creek Watershed. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 47:572-579.

Mohn, W. W., Tiedje, J. M. (1992). Microbial reductive dehalogenation. Microbiol Rev 56:482-507.

Moter, A., Göbel, U. B. (2000) . Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for direct visualization of microorganisms. J Microbiol Methods 41:85-112.


[Seite 106↓]

Murray, A. E., Hollibaugh, J. T., Orrego, C. (1996 ). Phylogenetic compositions of bacterioplankton from two California estuaries compared by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of 16S rDNA fragments. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:2676-2680.

Muyzer, G., de Waal, E. C., Uitterlinden, A. G. (1993) . Profiling of complex microbial populations by denaturating gradient gel electrophoresis analysis of polymerase chain reaction-amplified genes coding for 16S rRNA. Appl Environ Microbiol 59:695-700.

Muyzer, G., Smalla, K. (1998) . Application of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE) in microbial ecology. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 73:127-141.

Muyzer, G. (1999) . DGGE/TGGE a method for identifying genes from natural ecosystems. Curr Opin Microbiol 2:317-322.

Mylvaganam, S., Dennis, P. P. (1992) . Sequence heterogeneity between the two genes encoding 16S rRNA from the halophilic archaebacterium Haloarcula marismortui. Genetics 130:399-410.

Neumann, A., Scholz-Muramatsu, H., Diekert, G. (1994 ). Tetrachloroethene metabolism of Dehalospirillum multivorans . Arch Microbiol 162:295-301.

Nübel, U., Engelen, B., Felske, A., Snaidr, J., Wieshuber, A., Amann, R., Ludwig, W., Backhaus, H. (1996) . Sequence heterogeneities of genes encoding 16S rRNAs in Paenibacillus polymyxa detected by temperature gradient gel electrophoresis. J Bacteriol 178:5636-5643.

Oldenhuis, R., Vink, R. L. J. M., Janssen, D. B., Witholt, B. (1989) . Degradation of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons by Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b expressing soluble methane monooxygenase. Appl Environ Microbiol 55:2819-2826.

Pillai, S. D., Josephson, K. L., Bailey, R. L., Gerba, C. P., Pepper, I. L. (1991) . Rapid method for processing soil samples for polymerase chain reaction amplification of specific gene sequences. Appl Environ Microbiol 57:2283-2286.

Power, M., van der Meer, J. R., Tchelet, R., Egli, T., Eggen, R. (1998) . Molecular-based methods can contribute to assessments of toxilogical risks and bioremediation strategies . J Microbiol Meth 32:107-119.

Pulliam-Holoman, T. R., Elberson, M. A., Cutter, L. A., May, H. D., Sowers, K. R. (1998) . Characterization of a defined 2,3,5,6-tetrachlorobiphenyl-ortho-dechlorinating microbial community by comparative sequence analysis of genes coding for 16S rRNA. Appl Environ Microbiol 64:3359-3367.

Qiu, X., Wu, L., Huang, H., McDonel, P. E., Palumbo, A. V., Tiedje, J. M., Zhou, J. (2001) . Evaluation of PCR-generated chimeras, mutations, and heteroduplexes with 16S rRNA gene-based cloning. Appl Environ Microbiol 67:880-887.

Rainey, F. A., Ward, N., Sly, L. I., Stackebrandt, E. (1994) . Dependence on the taxon composition of clone libraries for PCR amplified, naturally occuring 16S rDNA, on the primer pair and the cloning system used. Experientia 50:796-797.

Rainey, F. A., Ward-Rainey, N. L., Janssen, P. H., Hippe, H., Stackebrandt, E. (1996) . Clostridium paradoxum DSM 7308T contains multiple 16S rRNA genes with heterogeneous intervening sequences. Microbiology 142:2087-2095.

Rasche, M. E., Hyman, M. R., Arp, D. J. (1990) . Biodegradation of halogenated hydrocarbon fumigants by nitrifying bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol 56:2568-2571.

Ravenschlag, K., Sahm, K., Amann, R. (2001) . Quantitative molecular analysis of the microbial community in marine arctic sediments (Svalbard). Appl Environ Microbiol 67:387-395.

Reysenbach, A.-L., Giver, L. J., Wickham, G. S., Pace, N. R. (1992) . Differential amplification of rRNA genes by polymerase chain reaction. Appl Environ Microbiol 58:3417-3418.


[Seite 106↓]

Rippen, G. (1994). Handbuch der Umweltchemikalien : Datensammlung über Umweltchemikalien, 25. Ergänzungslieferung. Landsberg/Lech: Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft.

Rochelle, P. A., Cragg, B. A., Fry, J. C., Parkes, R. J., Weightman, A. J. (1994) . Effect of sample handling on estimation of bacterial diversity in marine sediments by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 15:215-225.

Rosselló-Mora, R., Amann, R. (2001) . The species concept for prokaryotes. FEMS Microbiol Rev 25:39-67.

Roszak, D. B., Colwell, R. R. (1987) . Survival strategies of bacteria in the natural environment. Microbiol Rev 51:365-379.

Saitou, N., Nei, M. (1987) . The neighbour-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol Biol Evo l 4:406-425.

Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E. F., Maniatis, T. (1989). Molecular cloning: a laboratory manual. 2nd edition. Cold Spring Harbour, N. Y: Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory Press.

Sanford, R. A., Cole, J. R., Löffler, F. E., Tiedje, J. M. (1996) . Characterization of Desulfitobacterium chlororespirans sp. nov., which grows by coupling the oxidation of lactate to the reductive dechlorination of 3-chloro-4-hydroxybenzoate. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:3800-3808.

Schink, B. (1997) . Energetics of syntrophic cooperation in methanogenic degradation. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 61:262-280.

Schlegel, H. G. (1995) . Allgemeine Mikrobiologie. 7. Auflage. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart.

Schlötelburg, C., Gluz, M., Popovic, M., Merchuk, J. C. (1999) . Characterization of an airlift reactor with helical flow promoters. Can J Chem Eng 77:804-810.

Schloter, M., Lebuhn, M., Heulin, T., Hartmann, A. (2000) . Ecology and evolution of bacterial microdiversity. FEMS Microbiol Rev 24:647-660.

Schmidt, J. E., Ahring, B. K. (1999) . Immobilization patterns and dynamics of acetate-utilizing methanogens immobilized in sterile granular sludge in upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactors. Appl Environ Microbiol 65:1050-1054.

Schuppler, M., Mertens, F., Schön, G., Göbel, U. B. (1995) . Molecular characterization of nocardioform actinomycetes in activated sludge by 16S rRNA analysis. Microbiology 141:513-521.

Sharak-Genthner, B. R., Price, W. A., Pritchard, P. H. (1989) . Characterization of anaerobic dechlorinating consortia derived from aquatic sediments. Appl Environ Microbiol 55:1472-1476.

Shelton, D. R., Tiedje, J. M. (1984) . General method for determining anaerobic biodegradation potential. Appl Environ Microbiol 48:850-857.

Sienel, G., Rieth, R., Rowbottom, K. F. (1987) . Epoxides. In: Ullmanns encyclopedia of industrial chemistry. 5. Auflage, Vol. A9. Gerhartz, W., Elvers, B. (Hrsg.). Weinheim: VCH-Verlagsgesellschaft.

Simpson, J. M., McCracken, V. J., White, B. A., Gaskins, H. R., Mackie, R. I. (1999) . Application of denaturant gradient gel electrophoresis for the analysis of the porcine gastro-intestinal microbiota. J Microbiol Meth 36:167-179.

Smidt, H., Akkermans, A. D., van der Oost, J., de Vos, W. M. (2000) . Halorespiring bacteria-molecular characterization and detection. Enzyme Microb Technol 27:812-820.

Speksnijder, A. G., Kowalchuk, G. A., de Jong, S., Kline, E., Stephen, J. R., Laanbroek, H. J. (2001) . Microvariation artifacts introduced by PCR and cloning of closely related 16S rRNA gene sequences. Appl Environ Microbiol 67:469-472.

Squillace, P. J., Moran, M. J., Lapham, W. W., Price, C. V., Clawges, R. M., Zogorski, J. S. (1999) . Volatile organic compounds in untreated ambient groundwater of the Unites States, 1985 - 1995. Environ Science Technol 33:4176-4187.


[Seite 108↓]

Stackebrandt, E., Liesack, W., Goebel, B. M. (1993) . Bacterial diversity in a soil sample from a subtropical Australian environment as determined by 16S rDNA analysis. FASEB J 7:232-236.

Stackebrandt, E. Goebel, B. M. (1994) . Taxonomic note: a place for DNA-DNA reassociation and 16S rRNA sequence analysis in the present species definition in bacteriology. Int J Syst Bacteriol 44:846-849.

Stapleton, R. D., Ripp, S., Jimenez, L., Cheol-Koh, S., Fleming, J. T., Gregory, I. R., Sayler, G. S. (1998) . Nucleic acid analytical approaches in bioremediation: site assessment and characterization. J Microbiol Meth 32:165-178.

Starnick, J. (1999) . Chlorverbindungen - Woher kommen sie? Wohin gehen sie? Eine Einschätzung des Gefährdungspotentials. In: Schriftenreihe Biologische Abwasserreinigung, Behandlung von Abwässern mit halogenorganischen Verbindungen. Berlin: Technische Universität Berlin, 13-28.

Stuart, S. L., Woods, S. L., Lemmon, T. L., Ingle Jr., J. D. (1998) . The effect of redox potential changes on reductive dechlorination of pentachlorophenol and the degradation of acetate by a mixed methanogenic culture. Biotechnol Bioeng 63:69-78.

Suzuki, M. T., Taylor, L. T., DeLong, E. F. (2000) . Quantitative analysis of small-subunit rRNA genes in mixed microbial populations via 5'-nuclease assays. Appl Environ Microbiol 66:4605-4614.

Suzuki, M. T., Giovannoni, S. J. (1996) . Bias caused by template annealing in the amplification of mixtures of 16S rRNA genes by PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:625-630.

Sykes, P. J., Neoh, S. H., Brisco, M. J., Hughes, E., Condon, J., Morley, A. A. (1992) . Quantitation of targets for PCR by use of limiting dilution. Biotechniques 13:444-449.

Tartakovsky, B., Hawari, J., Guiot, S. R. (2000) . Enhanced dechlorination of Aroclor 1242 in an anaerobic continuous bioreactor. Wat Res 34:85-92.

Torsvik, V., Salte, K., Sorheim, R., Goksoyr, J. (1990a) . Comparison of phenotypic diversity and DNA heterogeneity in a population of soil bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol 56:776-781.

Torsvik, V., Goksoyr, J., Daae, F. L. (1990b) . High diversity in DNA of soil bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol 56:782-787.

Traunecker, J., Preuss, A., Diekert, G. (1991) . Isolation and characterization of a methyl chloride utilizing, strictly anaerobic bacterium. Arch Microbiol 156:416-421.

Tsai, Y.-L., Olson, B. H. (1991) . Rapid method for direct extraction of DNA from soil and sediments. Appl Environ Microbiol 57:1070-1074.

Valentine, D. L., Reeburgh, W. S., Blanton, D. C. (2000) . A culture apparatus for maintaining H2 at sub-nanomolar concentrations. J Microbiol Methods 39:243-251.

Vallaeys, T., Topp, E., Muyzer, G., Macheret, V., Laguerre, G., Rigaud A., Soulas, G. (1997) . Evaluation of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis in the detection of 16S rDNA sequence variation in rhizobia and methanotrophs. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 24:279-285.

Vandamme, P., Pot, B., Gillis, M., De Vos, P., Kersters, K., Swings, J. (1996) . Polyphasic taxonomy, a consensus approach to bacterial systematics. Microbiol Rev 60:407-438.

Vandenbergh, P. A., Kunka, B. S. (1988) . Metabolism of volatile chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons by Pseudomonas fluorescens. Appl Environ Microbiol 54:2578-2579.

von Wintzingerode, F., Göbel, U. B., Stackebrandt, E. (1997) . Determination of microbial diversity in environmental samples: pitfalls of PCR-based rRNA analysis. FEMS Microbiol Rev 21:213-229.


[Seite 109↓]

von Wintzingerode, F., Selent, B., Hegemann, W. Göbel, U. B. (1999) . Phylogenetic analysis of an anaerobic, trichlorobenzene-transforming microbial consortium. Appl Environ Microbiol 65:283-286.

von Wintzingerode, F., Landt, O., Ehrlich, A., Göbel, U. B. (2000) . Peptide nucleic acid-mediated PCR clamping as a useful supplement in the determination of microbial diversity. Appl Environ Microbiol 66:549-557.

von Wintzingerode, F., Schlötelburg, C., Hauck, R., Hegemann, W., Göbel, U. B. (2001) . Development of primers for amplifying genes encoding CprA- and PceA-like reductive dehalogenases in anaerobic microbial consortia, dechlorinating trichlorobenzene and 1,2-dichloropropane. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 35:189-196.

Wallrabenstein, C., Gorny, N., Springer, N., Ludwig, W., Schink, B. (1995) . Pure culture of Syntrophus buswellii, definition of its phylogenitic status, and description of Syntrophus gentianae sp. nov. Syst Appl Microbiol 18:62-66.

Weber, S., Stubner, S., Conrad, R. (2001) . Bacterial populations colonizing and degrading rice straw in anoxic paddy soil. Appl Environ Microbiol 67:1318-1327.

Weidner, S., Arnold, W., Pühler, A. (1996) . Diversity of uncultured microorganisms associated with the seagrass Halophila stipulacea estimated by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA genes. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:766-771.

Weisburg, W. G., Barns, S. M., Pelletier, D. A., Lane, D. J. (1991) . 16S ribosomal DNA amplification for phylogenetic study. J Bacteriol 173:697-703.

Whitman, W. B., Bowen, T. L., Boone, D. R. (1992) . The methanogenic bacteria. In: The prokaryotes. Balows, A., Trüper, H. G., Dworkin, M., Harder, W., Schleifer, K.-H. (Edit.). New York, N. Y.:Springer-Verlag, 739-745.

Wild, A., Hermann, R., Leisinger, T. (1996) . Isolation of an anaerobic bacterium which reductively dechlorinates tetrachloroethene and trichloroethene. Biodegradation 7:507-511.

Wind, T., Stubner, S., Conrad, R. (1999 ). Sulfate-reducing bacteria in rice field soil and on rice roots. Syst Appl Microbiol 22:269-279.

Woese, C. R. (1987). Bacterial evolution. Microbiol Rev 51:221-271.

Woo, T. H. S., Patel, B. K. C., Cinco, M., Smythe, L. D., Norris, M. A., Symonds, M. L., Dohnt, M. F., Piispanen, J. (1999). Identification of Leptospira biflexa by real-time homogeneous detection of rapid cycle PCR product. J Microbiol Meth 35:23-30.

Xia, X., Bollinger, J., Ogram, A. (1995). Molecular genetic analysis of the response of three soil microbial communities to the application of 2,4-D. Mol Ecol 4:17-28.

Yu, Z., Martin, V. J. J., Mohn, W. W. (1999). Occurence of two resin acid-degrading bacteria and a gene encoding resin acid biodegradation in pulp and paper mill effluent biotreatment systems assayed by PCR. Microb Ecol 38:114-125.

Zarda, B., Hahn, D., Chatzinotas, A., Schönhuber, W., Neef, A., Amann, R. I., Zeyer, J. (1997) . Analysis of bacterial community structure in bulk soil by in situ hybridization. Arch Microbiol 168:185-192.

Zellner, G., Stackebrandt, E., Messner, P., Tindall, B. J., Conway de Macario, E., Kneifel, H., Sleytr, U. B., Winter, J. (1989). Methanocorpusculaceae fam. nov., represented by Methanocorpusculum parvum , Methanocorpusculum sinense spec. nov. and Methanocorpusculum bavaricum spec. nov. Arch Microbiol 151:381-390.

Zou, S., Anders, K. M., Ferguson, J. F. (1999). Pentachlorophenol dechlorination in fluidized-bed reactors under methanogenic conditions. Bioremediation J 3:93-104.

Zwart, G., Hiorns, W. D., Methe, B. A., van Agterveld, M. P., Huismans, R., Nold, S. C., Zehr, J. P., Laanbroek, H. J. (1998) . Nearly identical 16S rRNA sequences recovered from lakes in North America and Europe indicate the existence of clades of globally distributed freshwater bacteria. Syst Appl Microbiol 21:546-556.


© Die inhaltliche Zusammenstellung und Aufmachung dieser Publikation sowie die elektronische Verarbeitung sind urheberrechtlich geschützt. Jede Verwertung, die nicht ausdrücklich vom Urheberrechtsgesetz zugelassen ist, bedarf der vorherigen Zustimmung. Das gilt insbesondere für die Vervielfältigung, die Bearbeitung und Einspeicherung und Verarbeitung in elektronische Systeme.
DiML DTD Version 3.0Zertifizierter Dokumentenserver
der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
HTML-Version erstellt am:
20.09.2004