Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Institut für Bibliothekswissenschaft

Dissertation

Aktivitäten und Entwicklungsstrategien des chinesischen Bibliothekswesens im Hinblick auf die Öffentlichen Bibliotheken
unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Internets

Zur Erlangung der Doktorwürde

Philosophische Fakultät I

Wenhui Xu Wallace
aus China

Dekan:
Dekan der Philosophischen Fakultät I
Prof. Dr. Oswald Schwemmer

Gutachter:
1. Prof. Dr. rer.-nat. Walther Umstätter
2. Prof. Dr. rer.-pol. Robert Funk

eingereicht:28. Mai 2004

Datum der Promotion:15. Juli 2004

Widmung

Für meine Eltern und meinen Mann
Mit Liebe und Dank


[Seite III↓]

Abstract

This paper is divided into five chapters, a preface, and an introduction giving a brief historic review of the Chinese libraries. Emphasis is placed on the development and present situation of Chinese Librarianship and Information Science. Chapter 1 describes the development of the Internet in China by comparing it with Germany, and explains how it became the basis for China's current digital library. Chapter 2 discusses the digitizing of rare Chinese books as well as digital projects in P.R. China, Taiwan, and Hongkong. Later the juristic and technological problems of digitizing and related topics are discussed. Chapter 3 examines public libraries, focusing on the campaign against illiteracy and special services for disadvantaged social groups. Chapter 4 looks in to how globalization and international cooperation has become increasingly important to Chinese libraries and librarianship in the international arena. Chapter 5 is devoted to the three most important factors: library law, information sharing, and education for the further development of Chinese librarianship. The conclusion outlines a possible model for the future of Chinese libraries in the 21st century. Traditional libraries, like public libraries and digital libraries need to develop at the same time, which means that China has two tasks: building libraries up and modernizing them, so that not only the scientists and researchers have access to the invaluable Information, the general population should also have access to "Lesestoff," where people from both the city and countryside would be allowed the same number of books. Such a model, within the framework of China's developing digital network, can only be realized with an effective library law and international cooperation.

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