Schwarzer , Evelin: Malariapigment Hemozoin und die funktionelle Hemmung von Monozyten

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Kapitel 8. Referenzen

8.1 Eigenzitate

(1) Schwarzer, E., F.Turrini, D. Ulliers, G. Giribaldi, H. Ginsburg, and P. Arese. 1992. "Impairment of macrophage functions after ingestion of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes or isolated malarial pigment." J. Exp. Med. 176 : 1033-1041.

(2) Turrini, F, E. Schwarzer, and P. Arese. 1993. "The involvement of hemozoin toxicity in the depression of cellular immunity." Parasitol. Today 9 : 297- 300.

(3) Schwarzer, E., F.Turrini, G. Giribaldi, M. Cappadoro, and P. Arese. 1993. "Phagocytosis of P.falciparum malarial pigment hemozoin by human monocytes inactivates monocyte protein kinase C" . Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1181 : 51-54.

(4) Schwarzer, E., F. Turrini, and P. Arese. 1994. "A luminescence method for the quantitative determination of phagocytosis of erythrocytes, of malaria- parasitized erythrocytes and of malarial pigment." Br. J. Haematol. 88 : 740-745.

(5) Schwarzer, E., F. Turrini, G. Giribaldi, D. Ulliers, L. Sinauridse, and P. Arese. 1995. "Malarial pigment hemozoin, the secrete weapon of Plasmodium falciparum" . It. Biochem Soc Trans 6: S4-7.

(6) Schwarzer, E. and P.Arese. 1996. "Phagocytosis of malarial pigment hemozoin inhibits NADPH-oxidase activity in human monocyte-derived macrophages." Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1316: 169-175.


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(7) Schwarzer, E., O. Müller, P. Arese, W.G. Siems, and T. Grune. 1996. "Increased levels of 4-hydroxynonenal in human monocytes fed with malarial pigment hemozoin." FEBS- "Lett. " 388: 119-122.

(8) Arese, P. and E. Schwarzer. 1997. "Malarial pigment (haemozoin): a very active 'inert' substance" . Ann. Trop Med Parasitol. 91: 501-516.

(9) Schwarzer, E., M. Alessio, D. Ulliers, and P. Arese. 1998. "Phagocytosis of malarial pigment, haemozoin, impairs the expression of major histocompatibility complex class II antigen, CD54, and CD11c in human monocytes." Infect. Immun. 66: 1601-1606.

(10) Schwarzer, E., F. De Matteis , G. Giribaldi, D. Ulliers, E. Valente, and P. Arese. 1999. "Hemozoin stability and dormant induction of heme oxygenase in hemozoin-fed monocytes." Molec. Biochem. Parasitol. 100: 61-71.

(11) Schwarzer, E.,P. Ludwig, E. Valente, and P. Arese. 1999. "15(S)-hydroxyeicosateraenoic acid (15-HETE), a product of arachidonic acid peroxidation, is an active component of hemozoin toxicity to monocytes." Parassitologia. 411: 199-202.


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8.2 Fremdzitate

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Hommel M. 1997. "Modulation of host cell receptors: a mechanism for the survival of malaria parasites. " Parasitology 115Suppl: S45.

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Mordmüller, B., Turrini, F., Long, H., Kremsner, P.G., Arese, P. 1998. "Neutrophils and monocytes from subjects with Mediteranian G6PD variant: effect of Plasmodium falciparum hemozoin on G6PD activity, oxydative burst and cytokine production." Eur. Cytokine Netw. 9: 239.

Ockenhouse, C.F., Shulman, S., Shear, H.L. 1984. "Induction of crisis forms in the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum by gamma-interferon-activated monocyte-derived macrophages" . J. Immunol. 133: 1601.

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Pandey, A.V., Chauhan,V.S . 1998. "Heme polymerization by malarial parasite: A potential target for antimalarial drug development." Curr. Sc. 75: 911 .

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Sherry, B.A., Alava, G., Tracey, K.J., Martiney, J., Cerami,A., Slater, A.F.G . 1995. "Malaria-specific metabolite hemozoin mediates the release of several potent endogenous pyrogens (TNF, MIP-1alpha, and MIP-1beta) in vitro, and altered thermoregulation in vivo." J. Inflamm. 45: 85 .


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Slater, A.F.G., Swiggard, W.J., Orton, B.R., Flitter W.D., Goldberg, D.E., Cerami, A., Henderson, G.B. 1991. "An iron-carboxylate bond links the heme units of malaria pigment." Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.USA 88 :325 .

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