1980 Nomina Anatomica. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore Fifth edition

1993 Terminologia Anatomica. Thieme Stuttgart - New York 39-40

Allen RE, Hosker GL, Smith AR, Warrell DW 1990 Pelvic floor damage and childbirth: a neurophysiological study. Br.J.Obstet.Gynaecol. 97: 770-779

Anson BJ 1950 Atlas of human anatomy. W.B.Saunders, Philadelphia

Aronson MP, Bates SM, Jacoby AF, Chelmow D, Sant GR 1995 Periurethral and paravaginal anatomy: an endovaginal magnetic resonance imaging study. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 173: 1702-1708

Ayoub SF 1979 The anterior fibres of the levator ani muscle in man. J.Anat. 128: 571-580

Bader W, Kauffels W, Degenhardt F, Schneider J 1995a Postpartale Sonomorphologie des Beckenbodens. Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. 55: 716-720

Bader W, Degenhardt F, Kauffels W, Nehls K, Schneider J 1995b Sonomorphologische Parameter der weiblichen Stressharninkontinenz. Ultraschall Med. 16: 180-185

Bland JM, Altman DG 1986 Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement. Lancet 1: 307-310

Bo K, Stien R, Kulseng HS, Kristofferson M 1994 Clinical and urodynamic assessment of nulliparous young women with and without stress incontinence symptoms: a case-control study. Obstet.Gynecol. 84: 1028-1032

Bo K, Lilleas F, Talseth T, Hedland H 2001 Dynamic MRI of the pelvic floor muscles in an upright sitting position. Neurourol.Urodyn. 20: 167-174

Bredella MA, Tirman PF, Fritz RC, Wischer TK, Stork A, Genant HK 1999 Denervation syndromes of the shoulder girdle: MR imaging with electrophysiologic correlation. Skeletal Radiol. 28 : 567-572

Bump RC, Mattiasson A, Bo K, Brubaker LP, DeLancey JO, Klarskov P, Shull BL, Smith AR 1996 The standardization of terminology of female pelvic organ prolapse and pelvic floor dysfunction. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 175: 10-17

Burch JC 1968 Cooper's ligament urethrovesical suspension for stress incontinence. Nine years' experience--results, complications, technique. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 100: 764-774

Carlile A, Davies I, Rigby A, Brocklehurst JC 1988 Age changes in the human female urethra: a morphometric study. J.Urol. 139: 532-535

Christensen LL, Djurhuus JC, Lewis MT, Dev P 1992 MRI of voluntary pelvic floor contractions in healthy female volunteers. Int.Urogynecol.J.Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 6: 138-152

Courtney M 1949 The posterior subsphincteric space, its relation to posterior horsehoe fistula. Surg.Gynecol.Obstet. 89: 222-226

Curtis AH, Anson BJ, McVay CB 1939 The anatomy of the pelvic and urogenital diaphragms in relation to urethrocele and cystocele. Surg.Gynecol.Obstet. 68: 161-168

de Gregorio G, Emmerich D, Hillemanns HG, Pfleiderer A 1994 Der Pubococcygeus-Patch--eine Methode zur Korrektur der weiblichen Stressinkontinenz bei gleichzeitig bestehendem Deszensus. Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. 54: 387-389

De Smet AA 1993 Magnetic resonance findings in skeletal muscle tears. Skeletal Radiol. 22: 479-484

DeLancey JO 1988 Structural aspects of the extrinsic continence mechanism. Obstet.Gynecol. 72: 296-301

DeLancey JO 1989a Anatomy and embryology of the lower urinary tract. Obstet.Gynecol.Clin.North Am. 16: 717-731

DeLancey JO 1989b Pubovesical ligament: A separate structure from the urethral supports ("Pubo-urethral ligaments"). Neurourol.Urodyn. 8: 61

DeLancey JO 1990a Anatomy and physiology of urinary continence. Clin.Obstet.Gynecol. 33: 298-307

DeLancey JO, Starr RA 1990b Histology of the connection between the vagina and levator ani muscles. Implications for urinary tract function. J. Reprod.Med. 35: 765-771

DeLancey JO 1992 Anatomic aspects of vaginal eversion after hysterectomy. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 166: 1717-1724

DeLancey JO 1994 Structural support of the urethra as it relates to stress urinary incontinence: the hammock hypothesis [see comments]. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 170: 1713-1720

DeLancey JO 1996 Stress urinary incontinence: where are we now, where should we go? [see comments]. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 175: 311-319

Dimpfl T, Jaeger C, Mueller FW, Anthuber C, Hirsch A, Brandmaier R, Schuessler B 1998 Myogenic changes of the levator ani muscle in premenopausal women: the impact of vaginal delivery and age. Neurourol.Urodyn. 17: 197-205

Enhörning GE 1961 Simultaneous recording of intravesical and intraurethral pressure. A study on urethral closure in normal and stress incontinent women. Acta Chir.Scand. 276: 1-68

Falconer C, Blomgren B, Johansson O, Ulmsten U, Malmstrom A, Westergren TG, Ekman OG 1998 Different organization of collagen fibrils in stress-incontinent women of fertile age. Acta.Obstet.Gynecol.Scand. 77: 87-94

Fenner DE, Kriegshauser JS, Lee HH, Beart RW, Weaver A, Cornella JL 1998 Anatomic and physiologic measurements of the internal and external anal sphincters in normal females. Obstet.Gynecol. 91: 369-374

Feyereisl J, Dreher E, Haenggi W, Zikmund J, Schneider H1994 Long-term results after Burch colposuspension. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 171: 647-652

Fielding JR, Versi E, Mulkern RV, Lerner MH, Griffiths DJ, Jolesz FA 1996 MR imaging of the female pelvic floor in the supine and upright positions. J.Magn.Reson.Imaging 6: 961-963

Fielding JR, Griffiths DJ, Versi E, Mulkern RV, Lee ML, Jolesz FA 1998 MR imaging of pelvic floor continence mechanisms in the supine and sitting positions. AJR Am.J.Roentgenol. 171 : 1607-1610

Fielding JR, Dumanli H, Schreyer AG, Okuda S, Gering DT, Zou KH, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA 2000 MR-based three-dimensional modeling of the normal pelvic floor in women: quantification of muscle mass. AJR Am.J.Roentgenol. 174: 657-660

Fischer W, Pfister C, Tunn R 1992 Comparison between histological, histochemical and clinical findings from musculature of pubococcygeal repair (PCR) in urinary incontinence. Int.Urogynecol.J.Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 3: 124-128

Fischer W 1995 Diagnostisches Basisprogramm. Inspektion. in Urogynäkologie in Praxis und Klinik, Fischer,W.Kölbl,H.deGruyter Verlag 2: 204-206

Fleckenstein JL, Haller RG, Bertocci LA, Parkey RW, Peshock RM 1992 Glycogenolysis, not perfusion, is the critical mediator of exercise-induced muscle modifications on MR images [comment]. Radiology 183: 25-26

Fleckenstein JL, Watumull D, Conner KE, Ezaki M, Greenlee-RG J, Bryan WW, Chason DP, Parkey RW, Peshock RM, Purdy PD 1993 Denervated human skeletal muscle: MR imaging evaluation. Radiology 187: 213-218

Fritsch H, Frohlich B 1994 Development of the levator ani muscle in human fetuses. Early Hum.Dev. 37: 15-25

Gardner JJ 1992 Descriptive study of genital variation in healthy, nonabused premenarchal girls [see comments]. J.Pediatr. 120: 251-257

Gejo R, Kawaguchi Y, Kondoh T, Tabuchi E, Matsui H, Torii K, Ono T, Kimura T 2000 Magnetic resonance imaging and histologic evidence of postoperative back muscle injury in rats. Spine 25: 941-946

Gilpin SA, Gosling JA, Smith AR, Warrell DW 1989 The pathogenesis of genitourinary prolapse and stress incontinence of urine. A histological and histochemical study. Br.J.Obstet.Gynaecol. 96: 15-23

Goldhammer K, Beyersdorff D, Rieprich M, Tunn R 2000 Trichterbildung der Urethra bei Harninkontinenz: MRT-Pathomorphologie des Kontinenz-Kontrollsystems. Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. 60: 108

Goodrich MA, Webb MJ, King BF, Bampton AE, Campeau NG, Riederer SJ 1993 Magnetic resonance imaging of pelvic floor relaxation: dynamic analysis and evaluation of patients before and after surgical repair. Obstet.Gynecol. 82: 883-891

Gorsch RV 1955 Proctologic anatomy. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore,

Gosling JA 1985a Structure of the lower urinary tract and pelvic floor. Clin.Obstet.Gynaecol. 12: 285-294

Gosling JA 1985b The structure of the female lower urinary tract and pelvic floor. Urol.Clin.North Am. 12: 207-214

Hayat SK, Thorp-JM J, Kuller JA, Brown BD, Semelka RC 1996 Magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvic floor in the postpartum patient. Int.Urogynecol.J.Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 7: 321-324

Horbach NS, Ostergard DR 1994 Predicting intrinsic urethral sphincter dysfunction in women with stress urinary incontinence. Obstet.Gynecol. 84: 188-192

Howard D, DeLancey JO, Tunn R, Ashton-Miller JA 2000 Racial differences in the structure and function of the stress urinary continence mechanism. Obstet.Gynecol. 95: 713-717

Hricak H, Secaf E, Buckley DW, Brown JJ, Tanagho EA, McAninch JW 1991 Female urethra: MR imaging. Radiology 178: 527-535

Huddleston HT, Dunnihoo DR, Huddleston PM, Meyers-PC S 1995 Magnetic resonance imaging of defects in DeLancey's vaginal support levels I, II, and III. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 172: 1778-1782

Huisman AB 1983 Aspects on the anatomy of the female urethra with special relation to urinary continence. Contrib.Gynecol.Obstet. 10: 1-31

Hunskaar S, Arnold EP, Burgio KDAC, Herzog AR, Mallett VT 2000 Epidemiology and natural history of urinary incontinence. Int Urogynecol.J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 11: 301-319

Isherwood PJ, Rane A 2000 Comparative assessment of pelvic floor strength using a perineometer and digital examination. B.J.O.G. 107: 1007-1011

Ivanov A, Tunn R, Lüning M, Pfister C 1992 Weiblicher Beckenboden und Urethra: MRT-Normalbild und anatomische Korrelationen. Radiol.diagn. 33: 397-405

Ivanov A, Tunn R, Lüning M, Fischer W, Schwenke A 1993 Value of MRI in female stress incontinence. Radiol.diagn. 34: 434-440

Jacquetin B 2000 Utilisation du "TVT" dans la chirurgie de l'incontinence urinaire feminine. J.Gynecol.Obstet.Biol.Reprod.Paris 29: 242-247

Jonas D, Conrad B, Von Einsiedel HG, Bischoff C 2000 Correlation between quantitative EMG and muscle MRI in patients with axonal neuropathy. Muscle Nerve 23: 1265-1269

Keane DP, Sims TJ, Abrams P, Bailey AJ 1997 Analysis of collagen status in premenopausal nulliparous women with genuine stress incontinence. Br.J.Obstet.Gynaecol. 104: 994-998

Khoury NJ, el Khoury GY, Kathol MH 1997 MRI diagnosis of diabetic muscle infarction: report of two cases. Skeletal Radiol. 26: 122-127

Kim YC, Yoo WK, Chung IH, Seo JS, Tanaka S 1997 Tendinous insertion of semimembranosus muscle into the lateral meniscus. Surg.Radiol.Anat. 19: 365-369

Kinn AC 1995 Burch colposuspension for stress urinary incontinence. 5-year results in 153 women. Scand.J.Urol.Nephrol. 29: 449-455

Kirschner HR, Wein B, Niehaus S, Schaefer W, Jakse G 1993 The contribution of magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvic floor to the understanding of urinary incontinence. Br.J.Urol. 72: 715-718

Kirschner HR, Fielding JR, Versi E, Resnick NM 1997 Magnetic resonance imaging of the lower urinary tract. Curr.Opin.Obstet.Gynecol. 9: 317-319

Klutke C, Golomb J, Barbaric Z, Raz S 1990 The anatomy of stress incontinence: magnetic resonance imaging of the female bladder neck and urethra. J.Urol. 143: 563-566

Klutke C, Raz S 1991 Magnetic resonance imaging in female stress incontinence. Int.Urogynecol.J.Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2: 115-118

Klutke CG, Siegel CL 1995 Functional female pelvic anatomy. Urol.Clin.North.Am. 22: 487-498

Koelbl H, Strassegger H, Riss PA, Gruber H 1989 Morphologic and functional aspects of pelvic floor muscles in patients with pelvic relaxation and genuine stress incontinence. Obstet.Gynecol. 74: 789-795

Krantz KE 1951 The anatomy of the urethra and anterior vaginal wall. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 62: 374-379

Langreder W 1956 Die weibliche Urethra, funktionelle Anatomie, Pathologie und Therapie des Verschlußmechanismus. Zentbl.Gynäkol. 78: 561-566

Lapides J 1958 Structure and function of the internal vesical sphincter. J.Urol. 80: 341-353

Lawson JO 1974 Pelvic anatomy. I. Pelvic floor muscles. Ann.R.Coll.Surg.Engl. 54: 244-252

Lienemann A, Anthuber CJ, Baron A, Reiser M 1996 Dynamische MR-Kolpozystorektographie. Ein neues Verfahren zur Beurteilung von Deszensus und Prolaps genitalis. Aktuelle Radiol. 6: 182-186

Lienemann A, Anthuber C, Baron A, Kohz P, Reiser M 1997 Dynamic MR colpocystorectography assessing pelvic-floor descent. Eur.Radiol. 7: 1309-1317

Massey A, Abrams P 1985 Urodynamics of the lower urinary tract. Clin.Obstet.Gynaecol. 12: 319-341

Matsuno T, Tokunaka S, Koyanagi T 1984 Muscular development in the urinary tract. J.Urol. 132: 148-152

McDonald CM, Carter GT, Fritz RC, Anderson MW, Abresch RT, Kilmer DD 2000 Magnetic resonance imaging of denervated muscle: comparison to electromyography. Muscle Nerve 23: 1431-1434

Miller JM, Ashton-Miller JA, DeLancey JO 1998 Quantification of cough-related urine loss using the paper towel test. Obstet.Gynecol. 91: 705-709

Morley R, Cumming J, Weller R 1996 Morphology and neuropathology of the pelvic floor in patients with stress incontinence. Int.Urogynecol.J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 7: 3-12

Nielsen E, Lundvall F 1973 Urethrovaginal fixation to Cooper's ligament (Burch) in the treatment of incontinence. Acta Chir.Scand.Suppl. 433: 118-120

Nurenberg P, Forte TB, Zimmern PE 2000 Etude de l'anatomie uretrale et du plancher pelvien par IRM avec antenne de surface et antenne endorectale. Prog.Urol. 10: 224-230

Nyo MM 1969 Innervation of the bladder and urethra. J.Anat. 105: 210

Oelrich TM 1983 The striated urogenital sphincter muscle in the female. Anat.Rec. 205: 223-232

Papa-Petros PE, Ulmsten U 1997 Role of the pelvic floor in bladder neck opening and closure II: vagina. Int.Urogynecol.J. Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 8: 69-73

Paramore RH 1918 The statics of the female pelvic viscera. Lewis London

Perucchini D, DeLancey JO, Patane L, Kataria T, Peschers U, Ashton-Miller JA 1997 The number and diameter of striated muscle fibers in the female urethra. Neurourol.Urodyn. 16: 405-406

Peschers U, Schaer G, Anthuber C, DeLancey JO, Schuessler B 1996 Changes in vesical neck mobility following vaginal delivery. Obstet.Gynecol. 88: 1001-1006

Peschers UM, Schaer GN, DeLancey JO, Schuessler B 1997 Levator ani function before and after childbirth. Br.J.Obstet.Gynaecol. 104: 1004-1008

Peschers U, Vodusek DB, Fanger G, Schaer G, DeLancey JO, Schuessler B 2001a Pelvic muscle activity in nulliparous volunteers. Neurourol.Urodyn. 20: 269-275

Peschers U, Gingelmaier A, Jundt K, Leib B, Dimpfl T 2001b Evaluation of pelvic floor muscle strength using four different techniques. Int.Urogynecol.J.Pelvic Floor Dysfunct.12: 27-30

Petros PE, Ulmsten UI 1990 An integral theory of female urinary incontinence. Experimental and clinical considerations. Acta Obstet.Gynecol.Scand. Suppl. 153: 7-31

Petros PE, Ulmsten U 1995 Urethral pressure increase on effort originates from within the urethra, and continence from musculovaginal closure [see comments]. Neurourol.Urodyn. 14: 337-346

Power RMH 1954 A anatomical contribution to the problem of continence and incontinence in the female. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 67: 302

Rechberger T, Postawski K, Jakowicki JA, Gunja SZ, Woessner-JF J 1998 Role of fascial collagen in stress urinary incontinence. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 179: 1511-1514

Richardson AC, Lyon JB, Williams NL 1976 A new look at pelvic relaxation. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 126: 568-573

Richardson AC, Edmonds PB, Williams NL 1981 Treatment of stress urinary incontinence due to paravaginal fascial defect. Obstet.Gynecol.57: 357-362

Richter K 1966 Living anatomy of the vagina. Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. 26: 1213-1223

Richter K, Frick H 1985 Anatomy of the visceral fascia of the pelvis from the didactic viewpoint. Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. 45: 282-287

Richter K 1988 Surgical anatomy of the bladder neck sphincter and its significance for vaginal surgery of stress incontinence. Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. 48: 541-550

Rother P, Loffler S, Dorschner W, Reibiger I, Bengs T 1996 Anatomic basis of micturition and urinary continence. Muscle systems in urinary bladder neck during ageing. Surg.Radiol.Anat. 18: 173-177

Sampselle CM, Miller JM, Mims BL, DeLancey JO, Ashton-Miller JA, Antonakos CL 1998 Effect of pelvic muscle exercise on transient incontinence during pregnancy and after birth. Obstet.Gynecol. 91: 406-412

Schaer GN, Koechli OR, Schuessler B, Haller U 1995a Perineal ultrasound for evaluating the bladder neck in urinary stress incontinence. Obstet.Gynecol. 85: 220-224

Schaer GN, Koechli OR, Schuessler B, Haller U 1995b Improvement of perineal sonographic bladder neck imaging with ultrasound contrast medium. Obstet.Gynecol. 86: 950-954

Schaer GN, Koechli OR, Schuessler B, Haller U 1996a Perineal ultrasound: determination of reliable examination procedures. Ultrasound Obstet.Gynecol. 7: 347-352

Schar G, Kolbl H, Voigt R, Merz E, Anthuber C, Niemeyer R, Ralph G, Bader W, Fink D, Grischke E, Hanzal E, Kochli OR, Kohler K, Munz E, Perucchini D, Peschers U, Sam C, Schwenke A 1996b Empfehlungen der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Urogynakologie zur Sonographie des unteren Harntraktes im Rahmen der urogynakologischen Funktionsdiagnostik. Gynakol.Geburtshilfliche Rundsch. 36: 33-36

Schaer GN, Schmid T, Peschers U, DeLancey JO 1998 Intraurethral ultrasound correlated with urethral histology. Obstet.Gynecol. 91: 60-64

Schaer GN, Perucchini D, Munz E, Peschers U, Koechli OR, DeLancey JO 1999 Sonographic evaluation of the bladder neck in continent and stress-incontinent women. Obstet.Gynecol. 93: 412-416

Schedel H, Reimers CD, Vogl T, Witt TN 1995 Muscle edema in MR imaging of neuromuscular diseases. Acta Radiol. 36: 228-232

Schmeiser G, Putz R 2000 Anatomie und Funktion des Beckenbodens. Radiologe 40: 429-436

Schwenke A, Fischer W 1995 Urogenitalsonographie bei weiblicher Harninkontinenz. 2. Dranginkontinenz. gynäkol.prax. 19: 85-94

Shafik A 1975 New concept of the anatomy of the anal sphincter mechanism and the physiology of defecation. II. Anatomy of the levator ani muscle with special reference to puborectalis. Invest.Urol. 13: 175-182

Shafik A, Gamal-el-Din MA, el Bagoury EM, Hamid ZA, el Said B, Metwalli S, el Sibaei O 1990 A new concept of the anatomy of the anal sphincter mechanism and the physiology of defecation. The involuntary action of the external anal sphincter: histologic study. Acta Anat.Basel 138: 359-363

Shafik A 1999 Levator ani muscle: new physioanatomical aspects and role in the micturition mechanism. World J.Urol. 17: 266-273

Snooks SJ, Setchell M, Swash M, Henry MM 1984 Injury to innervation of pelvic floor sphincter musculature in childbirth. Lancet 2: 546-550

Strohbehn K, Quint LE, Prince MR, Wojno KJ, DeLancey JO 1996a Magnetic resonance imaging anatomy of the female urethra: a direct histologic comparison. Obstet.Gynecol. 88: 750-756

Strohbehn K, Ellis JH, Strohbehn JA, DeLancey JO 1996b Magnetic resonance imaging of the levator ani with anatomic correlation. Obstet.Gynecol. 87: 277-285

Strohbehn JA, DeLancey JO 1997 The anatomy of stress incontinence. Operative Techniques Gynecol.Surg. 2: 5-16

Sugimura K, Yoshikawa K, Okizuka H, Kaji Y, Ishida T 1991 Normal female urethra and paraurethral structure--evaluation with MR imaging. Nippon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai Zasshi 51: 901-905

Sultan AH, Kamm MA, Hudson CN 1994 Pudendal nerve damage during labour: prospective study before and after childbirth. Br.J.Obstet.Gynaecol. 101: 22-28

Sultan AH, Stanton SL 1996 Preserving the pelvic floor and perineum during childbirth--elective caesarean section? Br.J.Obstet.Gynaecol. 103: 731-734

Tan IL, Stoker J, Zwamborn AW, Entius KA, Calame JJ, Lameris JS 1998 Female pelvic floor: endovaginal MR imaging of normal anatomy. Radiology 206: 777-783

Tapp A, Cardozo L, Versi E, Montgomery J, Studd J 1988 The effect of vaginal delivery on the urethral sphincter. Br.J.Obstet.Gynaecol. 95: 142-146

Thiele J, Dorschner W, Schmidt F, Stolzenburg JU, Biesold M 1997 Kernspintomographische Untersuchungen des Diaphragma urogenitale im Vergleich mit korrespondierenden histomorphologischen Befunden (Der Streit um den Musculus transversus perinei profundus). Aktuelle Radiol. 7: 45-49

Thorp JM, Jones LH, Wells E, Ananth CV 1996 Assessment of pelvic floor function: a series of simple tests in nulliparous women. Int.Urogynecol.J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 7: 94-97

Thüroff J 1990 Anatomie, Physiologie und Pathophysiologie von Blase und Urethra. Doc.Geriatrica 1: 8-12

Tichy M 1989 The morphogenesis of human sphincter urethrae muscle. Anat.Embryol.Berl. 180: 577-582

Toews HA 1967 Intraurethral and intravesical pressures in normal and stress-incontinent women. Obstet.Gynecol. 29: 613-624

Tunn R 1992 Morphofunktionelle Untersuchungen an der Muskulatur des weiblichen Beckenbodens - ein Beitrag zur Pathogenese der Harninkontinenz. Dissertation, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 1-87

Tunn R, Paris S, Fischer W, Hamm B, Kuchinke J 1998a Static magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvic floor muscle morphology in women with stress urinary incontinence and pelvic prolapse. Neurourol.Urodyn. 17: 579-589

Tunn R, Fischer W, Paris S 1998b MR imaging study of birth-related changes in the attachment between the vagina and the pubococcygeus muscle. Urogynaecologia Int.J. 12: 57-61

Tunn R, DeLancey JO, Howard D, Ashton-Miller JA, Quint LE, Fischer W 1998c Anatomical variations in the levator ani muscle, endopelvic fascia and urethra in nulliparas evaluated by MR imaging. Neurourol.Urodyn. 17: 432-433

Tunn R, Rieprich M, Beyersdorff D, Kaufmann O, Bettin St, Fischer W 1999a Diagnostic assessment of defects of the pubocervical fascia in urinary incontinence. Neurourol.Urodyn. 18: 315-316

Tunn R, DeLancey JO, Howard D, Thorp JM, Ashton-Miller JA, Quint LE 1999b MR imaging of levator ani muscle recovery following vaginal delivery. Int.Urogynecol.J.Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 10: 300-307

Tunn R, DeLancey JO, Howard D, Ashton-Miller JA, Quint LE, Goedicke J 1999c Evaluation of the levator ani muscle structure using different MR imaging techniques. Neurourol.Urodyn. 18: 310-311

Tunn R 2000a Sonographische Diagnostik bei Blasenentleerungsstörungen, Harndrangsymptomatik und Harndranginkontinenz. gynäkol.prax. 24: 677-685

Tunn R, Paris S, Taupitz M, Hamm B, Fischer W 2000b MR imaging in posthysterectomy vaginal prolapse. Int.Urogynecol.J.Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 11: 87-92

Tunn R, Bergmann-Hensel U, Beyersdorff D, Heinrich G, Fischer W, Hamm B 2001a Diagnosis of urethral diverticula and periurethral masses. Fortschr.Röntgenstr. 173: 109-114

Tunn R, DeLancey JO, Quint LE 2001b Visibility of pelvic organ support system structures in magnetic resonance images without an endovaginal coil. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 184: 1156-1163

Tunn R 2001c Sonographie zur Diagnostik und zum Therapiemonitoring bei Stressharninkontinenz und Descensus urogenitalis. gynäkol.prax. 25: 283-294

Uetani M, Hayashi K, Matsunaga N, Imamura K, Ito N 1993 Denervated skeletal muscle: MR imaging. Work in progress. Radiology 189: 511-515

Uhlenhuth E, Nolley GW 1957 Vaginal fascia, a myth? Obstet.Gynecol. 10: 349-358

Ulmsten U 1995 Neue Aspekte zur Pathophysiologie der weiblichen Harninkontinenz. in Urogynäkologie in Praxis und Klinik, Fischer,W.Kölbl,H.deGruyter Verlag 2: 184-184

Ulmsten U 1997 Some reflections and hypotheses on the pathophysiology of female urinary incontinence. Acta Obstet.Gynecol.Scand. Suppl. 166: 3-8

Waldeyer A, Mayet A 1993 Der Beckenboden, Diaphragma pelvis. Anatomie des Menschen, Walter de Gruyter Berlin, New York 338-338

Warfield SK, Mulkern RV, Winalski CS, Jolesz FA, Kikinis R 2000 An image processing strategy for the quantification and visualization of exercise-induced muscle MRI signal enhancement. J.Magn.Reson.Imaging 11: 525-531

White GR 1909 Cystocele: a radical cure by suturing lateral sulci of vagina to white line of pelvic fascia. J.A.M.A. 53: 1707-1710

Whitehouse RW, Hutchinson CE, Laitt R, Jenkins JP, Jackson A 1997 The influence of chemical shift artifact on magnetic resonance imaging of the ligamentum flavum at 0.5 tesla. Spine 22: 200-202

Wisser J, Schar G, Kurmanavicius J, Huch R, Huch A 1999 Use of 3D ultrasound as a new approach to assess obstetrical trauma to the pelvic floor. Ultraschall Med. 20: 15-18

Zacharin RF 1980 Pulsion enterocele: review of functional anatomy of the pelvic floor. Obstet.Gynecol. 55: 135-140

Zacharin RF 1985 Pelvic floor anatomy and the surgery of pulsion enterocele. Springer Verlag Berlin New York 31-38

© Die inhaltliche Zusammenstellung und Aufmachung dieser Publikation sowie die elektronische Verarbeitung sind urheberrechtlich geschützt. Jede Verwertung, die nicht ausdrücklich vom Urheberrechtsgesetz zugelassen ist, bedarf der vorherigen Zustimmung. Das gilt insbesondere für die Vervielfältigung, die Bearbeitung und Einspeicherung und Verarbeitung in elektronische Systeme.
XDiML DTD Version 4.0Zertifizierter Dokumentenserver
der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
HTML-Version erstellt am: