2000-06-17Dissertation DOI: 10.18452/14489
Messung L-Selektin-abhängiger Adhäsionsprozesse mit Hilfe eines homotypischen Aggregationsassays
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Medizinische Fakultät - Universitätsklinikum Charité
Ischemia followed by reperfusion, as happens in myocardial infarction, or the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome, are associated with a exaggerated extravasation of leukocytes into the surrounding tissue , which may cause severe bystander damage. In animal models of these diseases, pharmacological blockage of the leukocyte adhesion molecule, L-selectin (CD62L), has been shown to be partially protective by reduction or inhibition of leukocyte-mediated secondary tissue damage. The aim of this project was the development of an in vitro assay to investigate the relative effectiveness of potential L-selectin antagonists. Ideally, the assay should require low sample volumes and allow for measurements of larger series of reagents. The assay system investigated was based on the homotypic granulocyte aggregation under shear stress, which mimicks the L-selectin-dependent adhesion of leukocytes to previously arrested neutrophils on vascular endothelium. After optimizing numerous variables of the aggregation assay, the requirement of L-selectin for the homotypic granulocyte aggregation induced was demonstrated by inhibition experiments using soluble L-selectin or monoclonal antibodies directed against the lectin domain of L-selectin. Several carbohydrate polymers with L-selectin binding properties, such as the seaweed-derived fucose polymer fucoidin, high-molecular-weight dextran sulfate or heparin, also inhibited neutrophil aggregation in a dose-dependent fashion. However, despite employing a flow cytometry-based read-out technique, the assay remained extremely labor intensive, precluding investigations of extended series. Therefore, the homotypic aggregation experiments with freshly isolated human granulocytes remains a useful tool to further evaluate specific questions of L-selectin dependent adhesion processes, but it is not apt for transfer into routine laboratories.
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