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2004-02-04Dissertation DOI: 10.18452/15009
Zusammenhang zwischen Umweltlärmbelästigung und Lärmempfindlichkeit
dc.contributor.authorStölzel, Katharina
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-18T05:48:59Z
dc.date.available2017-06-18T05:48:59Z
dc.date.created2004-02-04
dc.date.issued2004-02-04
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/15661
dc.description.abstractDie hohe Inzidenz von 300 bis 400 Herzinfarkten pro 100000 Personen der Bevölkerung in Deutschland pro Jahr zeigt die hohe gesundheitspolitische Bedeutung der Vorsorge. Die Betrachtung des Lärms als möglicher Kofaktor bei der Pathogenese des Herzinfarktes beziehungsweise des plötzlichen Herztodes bildete den Schwerpunkt der epidemiologischen Lärmstudie in Berlin. Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigte sich dabei vorwiegend mitdem Zusammenhang zwischen der Lärmempfindlichkeit und der Lärmbelästigung durch STrassenverkehrslärm. In den Analysen wurde die Korrelation zwischen beiden Variablen und die mögliche Beeinflussung dieser Korrelation durch soziodemografische Faktoren bestimmt. Im Rahmen einer Fall-Kontroll-Studie wurden für den Zeitraum von zwei Jahren die Angaben von 2235 Probanden ausgewertet. Die Datenerhebung fand im Rahmen eines circa einstündigen Interviews im Krankenhaus statt. Die Gruppe der Fälle bildeten die Patienten mit akuten Herzinfarkt. Die Kontrollgruppe setzteger
dc.description.abstractThe high incidence of heart attacks in Germany (approximately 300 to 400 cases for every 100000 people) emphasises the importance of heart attack prevention as a public health issue.Consequently, an epidemiologic study investigating chronic noise as a cofactor of the pathogenesis of the heart attack or sudden heart death is being conducted at the Charite University Hospital, Berlin. This thesis describes the relation between noise annoyance through road traffic noise and noise sensitivity as part of the aforementioned study. The correlations were determined by analysis between both variables while taking into account the possible influence of socialogical factors such as age, sex, lifestyle.To this end, data from 2235 persons were evaluated in a case-control-study within a two year period. Collection and evaluation of the data took place in the hospital and included a 1 hour 1 interview with the subjects. The subjects were taken from a pool of patients with current acute heart attacks, defined as having a acute heart attack within the period of two to ten days previous to the interview. Surgical patients without current heart complications were used as the control study group. Noise annoyance in the daytime and noise sensitivity had a little correlation of rp = 0,23. Correlation was rp = 0,19 between noise annoyance in the nighttime and noise sensitivity. 19 percent of variations of noise annoyance in the daytime were explained by noise sensitivity, sex, income and marital status in a multivariate analysis. 18 percent of variations noise annoyance in the nighttime were explained by noise sensitivity, age and education. 17 percent of variations were explained by noise annoyance and all socialogical factors in the case of dependence of noise sensitivity. There is a significant, but only little correlation between noise sensitivity and noise annoyance. An independent and separate inspection of both factors should be made in clinical studies of heart and circulation diseases, which include noise sensitivity and noise annoyance.eng
dc.language.isoger
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Medizinische Fakultät - Universitätsklinikum Charité
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectLärmempfindlichkeitger
dc.subjectLärmbelästigungger
dc.subjectsoziodemografische Faktorenger
dc.subjectHerz-Kreislauferkrankungenger
dc.subjectnoise sensitivityeng
dc.subjectnoise annoyanceeng
dc.subjectsoziologic factorseng
dc.subjectheart an circulation diseaseseng
dc.subject.ddc610 Medizin und Gesundheit
dc.titleZusammenhang zwischen Umweltlärmbelästigung und Lärmempfindlichkeit
dc.typedoctoralThesis
dc.subtitleepidemiologische Untersuchung im Rahmen der Berliner Lärmstudie
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-10021089
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-10021077
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/15009
dc.contributor.refereeMaschke, C.
dc.contributor.refereeLerchner, P.
dc.contributor.refereeWillich, S. N.
dc.subject.dnb33 Medizin
local.edoc.type-nameDissertation
local.edoc.institutionMedizinische Fakultät - Universitätsklinikum Charité

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