2016-07-01Buch DOI: 10.18452/18002
Rural Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa
The present study on rural transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa is understood as a conceptual con-tribution to the research project “Towards a Socially Inclusive and Ecologically Sustainable Rural Transformation in Africa”. Its purpose is to show rural transformation trends in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), to identify the drivers, to outline current debates on its design and to assess this against the backdrop of empirical findings. Macro-analysis of post-colonial transformation in SSA shows that despite burgeoning urbanization and the tripling of agricultural production since the 1960s – roughly in tune with population growth – only an extremely mild form of transformation has taken place so far when measured against conventional indicators (agricultural productivity growth, shifts between sectors). Almost two-thirds of all households still live foremost from the land. Heightened produc-tion was widely based on a growth in the agricultural labour force, which cultivated additional crop land with virtually unaltered methods. Urbanization, on balance, is the result of a shift in sources of income within diversified rural-urban livelihood systems from farm to off-farm income. The latter stems primarily from informal, unproductive and often precarious activities, and must be considered a supplement rather than a genuine alternative to on-farm sources of income. Lack of dynamic growth in stable off-farm income-generating activities was therefore the chief stumbling block to rapid structural change in SSA. Accelerated rural transformation in the form of intensified farm pro-duction, however, is a trend that has been observed since 2008 and was brought about by rising global demands for agricultural goods and a growing scarcity of natural resources. Shaping this transformation sustainably calls for inclusion of the overwhelming majority of poor small-scale farmers in a process of ecology-based farm intensification. Coupled with this is the need for en-hanced off-farm sources of income. A strategy that focuses on the exit of farm labour from agricul-ture, however, will lead to social exclusion unless vibrant growth in productive off-farm employment opportunities is forthcoming.
Dateien zu dieser Publikation
Anzeige der Publikationen mit ähnlichem Titel, Autor, Urheber und Thema.
2000-11-01BuchMonitoramento Qualitativo de Impacto desenvolvimento de Indicadores para a Extensão Rural no Nordeste do BrasilStruck, Gabriele; Franco, Fernando Silveira; Bartelt, Natalie; Bövers, Bianca; Kubach, Tarik M.; Mattes, Arno; Schmidt, Magnus Gabriel; Schwedes, Silke; Smida, Christian
2000-11-01BuchIncorporating HIV/AIDS Concerns into Participatory Rural Extension a Multisectoral Approach for Southern Province Zambia.Kürschner, Ekkehard; Arnold, Irene; Güllemann, Heino; Kupfer, Gesa; Manje, Beryl; Wils, Oliver
2017-05-23BuchBenin: Towards Inclusive and Sustainable Rural Transformation Country Study ; A cooperation with the Centre de Partenariat et d’Expertise pour le Développement Durable (CePED)Engel, Erik; Richter, Daniela; Schüring, JonasDespite vast research on rural development in Africa, little is known about the ongoing or futurenear structural transformation in rural areas. This paper analyses current trends and displays differentscenarios of rural ...