Show simple item record

2014-03-11Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.18452/19111
Bad guys turned nice? A critical assessment of Wolbachia mutualisms in arthropod hosts
dc.contributor.authorZug, Roman
dc.contributor.authorHammerstein, Peter
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-10T09:27:03Z
dc.date.available2018-04-10T09:27:03Z
dc.date.issued2014-03-11
dc.identifier.issn1469-185X
dc.identifier.other10.1111/brv.12098
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/19861
dc.description.abstractWolbachia are the most abundant bacterial endosymbionts among arthropods. Although maternally inherited, they do not conform to the widespread view that vertical transmission inevitably selects for beneficial symbionts. Instead, Wolbachia are notorious for their reproductive parasitism which, although lowering host fitness, ensures their spread. However, even for reproductive parasites it can pay to enhance host fitness. Indeed, there is a recent upsurge of reports on Wolbachia-associated fitness benefits. Therefore, the question arises how such instances of mutualism are related to the phenotypes of reproductive parasitism. Here, we review the evidence of Wolbachia mutualisms in arthropods, including both facultative and obligate relationships, and critically assess their biological relevance. Although many studies report anti-pathogenic effects of Wolbachia, few actually prove these effects to be relevant to field conditions. We further show that Wolbachia frequently have beneficial and detrimental effects at the same time, and that reproductive manipulations and obligate mutualisms may share common mechanisms. These findings undermine the idea of a clear-cut distinction between Wolbachia mutualism and parasitism. In general, both facultative and obligate mutualisms can have a strong, and sometimes unforeseen, impact on the ecology and evolution of Wolbachia and their arthropod hosts. Acknowledging this mutualistic potential might be the key to a better understanding of some unresolved issues in the study of Wolbachia–host interactions.eng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalger
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectWolbachiaeng
dc.subjectarthropodseng
dc.subjectmutualismeng
dc.subjectfitness benefitseng
dc.subjecthost protectioneng
dc.subjectpathogen interferenceeng
dc.subjectdependenceeng
dc.subjectcompensatory evolutioneng
dc.subjecttoleranceeng
dc.subjectreproductive parasitismeng
dc.subject.ddc570 Biologie
dc.titleBad guys turned nice? A critical assessment of Wolbachia mutualisms in arthropod hosts
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/19861-5
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/19111
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
local.edoc.container-titleBiological reviews
local.edoc.pages23
local.edoc.anmerkungNachgenutzt gemäß den CC-Bestimmungen des Lizenzgebers bzw. einer im Dokument selbst enthaltenen CC-Lizenz.
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.institutionLebenswissenschaftliche Fakultät
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-publisher-nameWiley-Blackwell
local.edoc.container-publisher-placeOxford
local.edoc.container-volume90
local.edoc.container-issue1
local.edoc.container-firstpage89
local.edoc.container-lastpage111
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed

Show simple item record