2016Teil eines Buches DOI: 10.18452/19347
Conceptualizing Distal Drivers in Land Use Competition
This introductory chapter explores the notion of ‘distal drivers’ in land use competition. Research has moved beyond proximate causes of land cover and land use change to focus on the underlying drivers of these dynamics. We discuss the framework of telecoupling within human–environment systems as a first step to come to terms with the increasingly distal nature of driving forces behind land use practices. We then expand the notion of distal as mainly a measure of Euclidian space to include temporal, social, and institutional dimensions. This understanding of distal widens our analytical scope for the analysis of land use competition as a distributed process to consider the role of knowledge and power, technology, and different temporalities within a relational or systemic analysis of practices of land use competition. We conclude by pointing toward the historical and social contingency of land use competition and by acknowledging that this contingency requires a methodological–analytical approach to dynamics that goes beyond linear cause–effect relationships. A critical component of future research will be a better understanding of different types of feedback processes reaching from biophysical feedback loops to feedback produced by individual or institutional reflexivity.
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Published first as (erstmalig folgendermaßen erschienen): Jörg Niewöhner, Jonas Ø. Nielsen, Ignacio Gasparri, Yaqing Gou, Mads Hauge, Neha Joshi, Anke Schaffartzik, Frank Sejersen, Karen C. Seto, and Chris Shughrue: “Conceptualizing Distal Drivers in Land Use Competition”. In: Land Use Competition: Ecological, Economic and Social Perspectives. Edited by Jörg Niewöhner, Antje Bruns, Patrick Hostert, Tobias Krueger, Jonas Ø. Nielsen, Helmut Haberl, Christian Lauk, Juliana Lutz, and Daniel Müller. Human-Environment Interactions 6. Springer, 2016. Chapter 2, pages 21–40. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-33628-2_2