2019-12-02Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.18452/20872
Gold‐ and Silver‐Coated Barium Titanate Nanocomposites as Probes for Two‐Photon Multimodal Microspectroscopy
Improved multiphoton‐excited imaging and microspectroscopy require nanoprobes that can give different nonlinear optical signals. Here, composite nanostructures with a barium titanate core and a plasmonic moiety at their surface are synthesized and characterized. It is found that the core provides a high second‐order nonlinear susceptibility for sensitive second harmonic generation (SHG) imaging in living cells. As a second function in the two‐photon regime, the plasmonic part yields high local fields for resonant and nonresonant surface enhanced hyper Raman scattering (SEHRS). SEHRS complements the one‐photon surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectra that are also enhanced by the plasmonic shells. Barium titanate silver core–shell (Ag@BaTiO3) composites are specifically suited for SEHRS and SHG excited at 1064 nm, while gold at barium titanate (Au@BaTiO3) nanoparticles can be useful in a combination of SHG and SERS at lower wavelengths, here at 785 nm and 850 nm. The theoretical models show that the optical properties of the BaTiO3 dielectric core depend on probing frequency, shape, size, and plasmonic properties of the surrounding gold nanoparticles so that they can be optimized for a particular type of experiment. These versatile, tunable probes give new opportunities for combined multiphoton probing of morphological structure and chemical properties of biosystems.