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2014-09-23Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.3389/fnsys.2014.00166
Self-organized criticality as a fundamental property of neural systems
dc.contributor.authorHesse, Janina
dc.contributor.authorGross, Thilo
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-04T12:21:12Z
dc.date.available2019-12-04T12:21:12Z
dc.date.issued2014-09-23none
dc.date.updated2019-10-03T16:24:54Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/21611
dc.description.abstractThe neural criticality hypothesis states that the brain may be poised in a critical state at a boundary between different types of dynamics. Theoretical and experimental studies show that critical systems often exhibit optimal computational properties, suggesting the possibility that criticality has been evolutionarily selected as a useful trait for our nervous system. Evidence for criticality has been found in cell cultures, brain slices, and anesthetized animals. Yet, inconsistent results were reported for recordings in awake animals and humans, and current results point to open questions about the exact nature and mechanism of criticality, as well as its functional role. Therefore, the criticality hypothesis has remained a controversial proposition. Here, we provide an account of the mathematical and physical foundations of criticality. In the light of this conceptual framework, we then review and discuss recent experimental studies with the aim of identifying important next steps to be taken and connections to other fields that should be explored.eng
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY 4.0) Attribution 4.0 Internationalger
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectself-organized criticalityeng
dc.subjectbraineng
dc.subjectphase transitioneng
dc.subjectdynamicseng
dc.subjectneural networkeng
dc.subject.ddc610 Medizin und Gesundheitnone
dc.titleSelf-organized criticality as a fundamental property of neural systemsnone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/21611-1
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fnsys.2014.00166none
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/20883
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.container-titleFrontiers in Systems Neurosciencenone
local.edoc.pages14none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.institutionLebenswissenschaftliche Fakultätnone
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-publisher-nameFrontiers Media S.A.none
local.edoc.container-publisher-placeLausannenone
local.edoc.container-volume8none
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
local.edoc.container-articlenumber166none
dc.identifier.eissn1662-5137

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