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2019-11-20Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.18452/20931
I know that I know nothing: Cortical thickness and functional connectivity underlying meta-ignorance ability in pre-schoolers
dc.contributor.authorFilevich, Elisa
dc.contributor.authorForlim, Caroline Garcia
dc.contributor.authorFehrman, Carmen
dc.contributor.authorForster, Carina
dc.contributor.authorPaulus, Markus
dc.contributor.authorShing, Yee Lee
dc.contributor.authorKühn, Simone
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-12T15:58:27Z
dc.date.available2019-12-12T15:58:27Z
dc.date.issued2019-11-20none
dc.identifier.other10.1016/j.dcn.2019.100738
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/21675
dc.description.abstractMetacognition plays a pivotal role in human development. The ability to realize that we do not know something, or meta-ignorance, emerges after approximately five years of age. We sought for the brain systems that underlie the developmental emergence of this ability in a preschool sample. Twenty-four children aged between five and six years answered questions under three conditions. In the critical partial knowledge condition, an experimenter first showed two toys to a child, then announced that she would place one of them in a box, out of sight from the child. The experimenter then asked the child whether she knew which toy was in the box. Children who gave consistently correct answers to this question (n = 9) showed greater cortical thickness in a cluster within left medial orbitofrontal cortex than children who did not (n = 15). Further, seed-based functional connectivity analyses of the brain during resting state revealed that this region is functionally connected to the medial orbitofrontal gyrus, posterior cingulate gyrus and precuneus, and mid- and inferior temporal gyri. This finding suggests that the default mode network, critically through its prefrontal regions, supports introspective processing. It leads to the emergence of metacognitive monitoring allowing children to explicitly report their own ignorance.eng
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationalger
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectMetacognitioneng
dc.subjectBrain structureeng
dc.subjectFunctional connectivityeng
dc.subject.ddc610 Medizin und Gesundheitnone
dc.titleI know that I know nothing: Cortical thickness and functional connectivity underlying meta-ignorance ability in pre-schoolersnone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/21675-9
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/20931
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.container-titleDevelopmental cognitive neurosciencenone
local.edoc.anmerkungThis article was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.institutionMathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultätnone
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-publisher-nameElseviernone
local.edoc.container-publisher-placeAmsterdamnone
local.edoc.container-volume41none
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
local.edoc.container-articlenumber100738
dc.identifier.eissn1878-9307

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