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2018-07-31Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01275
Antecedents of Exercise Dependence in Ultra-Endurance Sports: Reduced Basic Need Satisfaction and Avoidance-Motivated Self-Control
dc.contributor.authorSchüler, Julia
dc.contributor.authorKnechtle, Beat
dc.contributor.authorWegner, Mirko
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-18T12:06:45Z
dc.date.available2019-12-18T12:06:45Z
dc.date.issued2018-07-31none
dc.date.updated2019-10-12T08:31:57Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/21715
dc.description.abstractInitiating and maintaining sports and exercise behavior are usually discussed in terms of strategies for promoting health. In the present study, we analyzed a sample of extreme endurance sport athletes and set out to predict exercise addiction, which is a facet of a sport-related health risk. We therefore draw on self-determination theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985, 2000), according to which low basic psychological need satisfaction can lead to excessive compensatory behavior. We aim to disentangle the effects of need satisfaction in the activity itself (exercising) and outside the activity (work/leisure) on exercise addiction. Furthermore, we propose anxious self-motivation as a mediator and tested whether it links low basic need satisfaction with exercise dependence. A correlational study with 323 multi-triathlon athletes confirmed our hypothesis that need satisfaction in work/leisure (but not in sports) is negatively related to exercise addiction. Furthermore, only need for competence in both domains (sport, work/leisure) is associated with anxious self-motivation. Mediation models showed that low competence satisfaction leads to anxious self-motivation that in turn predicts exercise addiction. The results are discussed critically in terms of their practical and theoretical implications for promoting health through sport and exercise.eng
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY 4.0) Attribution 4.0 Internationalger
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectexercise dependenceeng
dc.subjectself-determination theoryeng
dc.subjectneed for competence satisfactioneng
dc.subjectself-controleng
dc.subjectendurance sportseng
dc.subject.ddc150 Psychologienone
dc.titleAntecedents of Exercise Dependence in Ultra-Endurance Sports: Reduced Basic Need Satisfaction and Avoidance-Motivated Self-Controlnone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/21715-0
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01275none
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/20963
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.container-titleFrontiers in Psychologynone
local.edoc.pages8none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.institutionKultur-, Sozial- und Bildungswissenschaftliche Fakultätnone
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-publisher-nameFrontiers Media S.A.none
local.edoc.container-publisher-placeLausannenone
local.edoc.container-volume9none
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
local.edoc.container-articlenumber1275none
dc.identifier.eissn1664-1078

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