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2014-08-22Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00923
Playing off the curve - testing quantitative predictions of skill acquisition theories in development of chess performance
dc.contributor.authorGaschler, Robert
dc.contributor.authorProgscha, Johanna
dc.contributor.authorSmallbone, Kieran
dc.contributor.authorRam, Nilam
dc.contributor.authorBilalić, Merim
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-20T09:13:14Z
dc.date.available2020-02-20T09:13:14Z
dc.date.issued2014-08-22none
dc.date.updated2019-10-24T13:32:50Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/21902
dc.description.abstractLearning curves have been proposed as an adequate description of learning processes, no matter whether the processes manifest within minutes or across years. Different mechanisms underlying skill acquisition can lead to differences in the shape of learning curves. In the current study, we analyze the tournament performance data of 1383 chess players who begin competing at young age and play tournaments for at least 10 years. We analyze the performance development with the goal to test the adequacy of learning curves, and the skill acquisition theories they are based on, for describing and predicting expertise acquisition. On the one hand, we show that the skill acquisition theories implying a negative exponential learning curve do a better job in both describing early performance gains and predicting later trajectories of chess performance than those theories implying a power function learning curve. On the other hand, the learning curves of a large proportion of players show systematic qualitative deviations from the predictions of either type of skill acquisition theory. While skill acquisition theories predict larger performance gains in early years and smaller gains in later years, a substantial number of players begin to show substantial improvements with a delay of several years (and no improvement in the first years), deviations not fully accounted for by quantity of practice. The current work adds to the debate on how learning processes on a small time scale combine to large-scale changes.eng
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY 3.0) Attribution 3.0 Unportedger
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
dc.subjectlearning curveseng
dc.subjectskill acquisitioneng
dc.subjectexpertiseeng
dc.subjectchesseng
dc.subjectdevelopmenteng
dc.subject.ddc150 Psychologienone
dc.titlePlaying off the curve - testing quantitative predictions of skill acquisition theories in development of chess performancenone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/21902-1
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00923none
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/21170
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.container-titleFrontiers in psychologynone
local.edoc.pages11none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-publisher-nameFrontiers Media S.A.none
local.edoc.container-publisher-placeLausannenone
local.edoc.container-volume5none
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
local.edoc.container-articlenumber923
dc.identifier.eissn1664-1078
local.edoc.affiliationGaschler, Robert; Universität Koblenz-Landau, Landau, Germany and Interdisciplinary Research Laboratory Image, Knowledge, Gestaltung at Humboldt-Universität Berlin, Germanynone
local.edoc.affiliationProgscha, Johanna; Department of Psychology, Humboldt-Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germanynone
local.edoc.affiliationSmallbone, Kieran; School of Computer Science, University of Manchester Manchester, UKnone
local.edoc.affiliationRam, Nilam; College of Health and Human Development, Human Development and Family Studies, Pennsylvania State University University Park, PA, USAnone
local.edoc.affiliationBilalić, Merim; Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, Institut für Psychologie, Abteilung für Allgemeine Psychologie und Kognitionsforschung Klagenfurt, Austrianone

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