2020-02-28Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.18452/21329
Evaluating the Solvent Stark Effect from Temperature-Dependent Solvatochromic Shifts of Anthracene
The solvent Stark effect on the spectral shifts of anthracene is studied with temperature‐dependent solvatochromic measurements. The Stark contribution ΔvStark to the absorption shift Δvp in polar solvents is measured to be ΔvStark=(53±35) cm−1, in reasonable agreement with dielectric continuum theory estimate of 28 cm−1, whereas the major shift Δvp∼300 cm−1 presumably originates from the solute quadrupole. We pay attention to the accurate correction of Δvp for the nonpolar contribution that is crucial when the shifts are modest in magnitude.