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2006-06Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.18452/21769
From the organism of a body to the body of an organism: occurrence and meaning of the word ‘organism’ from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries
dc.contributor.authorCheung, Tobias
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-24T09:44:57Z
dc.date.available2020-08-24T09:44:57Z
dc.date.issued2006-06none
dc.identifier.other10.1017/s0007087406007953
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/22477
dc.description.abstractThis paper retraces the occurrence of the word ‘organism’ in writings of different authors from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries. It seeks to clarify chronological and conceptual shifts in the usage and meaning of the word. After earlier uses of the word in medieval sources, the Latin word organismus appeared in 1684 in Stahl's medico-physiological writings. Around 1700 it can be found in French (organisme), English (organism), Italian (organismo) and later also in German (Organismus). During the eighteenth century the word ‘organism’ generally referred to a specific principle or form of order that could be applied to plants, animals or the entire world. At the end of the eighteenth century the term became a generic name for individual living entities. From around 1830 the word ‘organism’ replaced the expressions ‘organic’ or ‘organized body’ as a recurrent technical term in the emerging biological disciplines.eng
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectHistory and Philosophy of Scienceeng
dc.subjectHistoryeng
dc.subject.ddc001 Wissennone
dc.titleFrom the organism of a body to the body of an organism: occurrence and meaning of the word ‘organism’ from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuriesnone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/22477-5
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/21769
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.container-titleThe British journal for the history of science : BJHSnone
local.edoc.pages21none
local.edoc.anmerkungThis publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.institutionKultur-, Sozial- und Bildungswissenschaftliche Fakultätnone
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-publisher-nameCambridge Univ. Pressnone
local.edoc.container-publisher-placeCambridgenone
local.edoc.container-volume39none
local.edoc.container-issue3none
local.edoc.container-year2006none
local.edoc.container-firstpage319none
local.edoc.container-lastpage339none
dc.identifier.eissn1474-001X

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