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2020-11-27Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.18452/22272
Distance to the Neutral Face Predicts Arousal Ratings of Dynamic Facial Expressions in Individuals With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, Jan N.
dc.contributor.authorBrick, Timothy R.
dc.contributor.authorDziobek, Isabel
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-29T10:37:02Z
dc.date.available2020-12-29T10:37:02Z
dc.date.issued2020-11-27none
dc.identifier.other10.3389/fpsyg.2020.577494
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/22903
dc.description.abstractArousal is one of the dimensions of core affect and frequently used to describe experienced or observed emotional states. While arousal ratings of facial expressions are collected in many studies it is not well understood how arousal is displayed in or interpreted from facial expressions. In the context of socioemotional disorders such as Autism Spectrum Disorder, this poses the question of a differential use of facial information for arousal perception. In this study, we demonstrate how automated face-tracking tools can be used to extract predictors of arousal judgments. We find moderate to strong correlations among all measures of static information on one hand and all measures of dynamic information on the other. Based on these results, we tested two measures, average distance to the neutral face and average facial movement speed, within and between neurotypical individuals (N = 401) and individuals with autism (N = 19). Distance to the neutral face was predictive of arousal in both groups. Lower mean arousal ratings were found for the autistic group, but no difference in correlation of the measures and arousal ratings could be found between groups. Results were replicated in an high autistic traits group. The findings suggest a qualitatively similar perception of arousal for individuals with and without autism. No correlations between valence ratings and any of the measures could be found, emphasizing the specificity of our tested measures. Distance and speed predictors share variability and thus speed should not be discarded as a predictor of arousal ratings.eng
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY 4.0) Attribution 4.0 Internationalger
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectarousaleng
dc.subjectface trackingeng
dc.subjectfacial expressioneng
dc.subjectautismeng
dc.subjectperceptioneng
dc.subjectperception differenceseng
dc.subjectmeasure developmenteng
dc.subject.ddc150 Psychologienone
dc.titleDistance to the Neutral Face Predicts Arousal Ratings of Dynamic Facial Expressions in Individuals With and Without Autism Spectrum Disordernone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/22903-3
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/22272
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.container-titleFrontiers in psychologynone
local.edoc.pages15none
local.edoc.anmerkungThis article was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.institutionMathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultätnone
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-publisher-nameFrontiers Research Foundationnone
local.edoc.container-publisher-placeLausannenone
local.edoc.container-volume11none
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
local.edoc.container-articlenumber577494none
dc.identifier.eissn1664-1078

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