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2020-03-06Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00081
Systematic Review of Meta-Analyses: Exercise Effects on Depression in Children and Adolescents
dc.contributor.authorWegner, Mirko
dc.contributor.authorAmatriain-Fernández, Sandra
dc.contributor.authorKaulitzky, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorMurillo-Rodriguez, Eric
dc.contributor.authorMachado, Sergio
dc.contributor.authorBudde, Henning
dc.date.accessioned2021-01-08T07:43:34Z
dc.date.available2021-01-08T07:43:34Z
dc.date.issued2020-03-06none
dc.date.updated2020-03-06T09:21:38Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/22945
dc.description.abstractBackground Depression is a common threat to children and adolescents in terms of affecting psychosocial development and increasing their risk of suicide. Apart from conventional treatments for depression, physical exercise has become a promising alternative. This paper aims to systematically review the existing meta-analyses that focus on the impact of physical exercise on clinical and nonclinical depression in children and adolescents. Methods A systematic literature search was conducted using PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, MedLine, PubMed, and hand searching. Risk of bias analysis, effect sizes calculations, and evaluation of the methodological characteristics (AMSTAR 2) were carried out. Results Four meta-analyses met the inclusion criteria. After analysing the overlap, the total sample contained 30 single studies (mostly including gender mixed samples) and 2,110 participants (age range 5–20 years). The medium duration of the interventions was 11.5 weeks. The sessions had a medium length of 41 min, and the frequency of implementation was three sessions per week. The most implemented intervention type was aerobic exercise, while control groups mainly continued with their regular routine, among other related options. The overall mean effect of physical exercise on depression was medium (d = −0.50). The additional analysis in clinically depressed samples documented a small to medium mean effect (d = −0.48) in favor of the intervention. Conclusion The small to medium but consistently positive effects that were found in the present study place physical exercise as a promising and helpful alternative for children and adolescents with clinical and nonclinical depression. The limited literature focused on children and adolescents in comparison with adult samples points to the need for further research.eng
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY 4.0) Attribution 4.0 Internationalger
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectdepressioneng
dc.subjectphysical exerciseeng
dc.subjectinterventioneng
dc.subjectchildreneng
dc.subjectadolescentseng
dc.subject.ddc610 Medizin und Gesundheitnone
dc.titleSystematic Review of Meta-Analyses: Exercise Effects on Depression in Children and Adolescentsnone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/22945-8
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00081none
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/22318
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.container-titleFrontiers in Psychiatrynone
local.edoc.pages12none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.institutionKultur-, Sozial- und Bildungswissenschaftliche Fakultätnone
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-publisher-nameFrontiers Media S.A.none
local.edoc.container-publisher-placeLausannenone
local.edoc.container-volume11none
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
local.edoc.container-articlenumber81none
dc.identifier.eissn1664-0640
local.edoc.affiliationWegner, Mirko; Institute of Sport Science, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germanynone
local.edoc.affiliationAmatriain-Fernández, Sandra; Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of A Coruña, A Coruña, Spainnone
local.edoc.affiliationKaulitzky, Andrea; Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Pedagogy, Medical School Hamburg, Hamburg, Germanynone
local.edoc.affiliationMurillo-Rodriguez, Eric; School of Medicine, Anahuac Mayab University, Mérida, Yucatán, Mexiconone
local.edoc.affiliationMachado, Sergio; Laboratory of Physical Activity Neuroscience, Physical Activity Sciences Postgraduate Program, Salgado de Oliveira University, Niterói, Brazilnone
local.edoc.affiliationBudde, Henning; Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Pedagogy, Medical School Hamburg, Hamburg, Germanynone

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