2021-01-29Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.3390/biom11020186
Protein Export via the Type III Secretion System of the Bacterial Flagellum
The bacterial flagellum and the related virulence-associated injectisome system of pathogenic bacteria utilize a type III secretion system (T3SS) to export substrate proteins across the inner membrane in a proton motive force-dependent manner. The T3SS is composed of an export gate (FliPQR/FlhA/FlhB) located in the flagellar basal body and an associated soluble ATPase complex in the cytoplasm (FliHIJ). Here, we summarise recent insights into the structure, assembly and protein secretion mechanisms of the T3SS with a focus on energy transduction and protein transport across the cytoplasmic membrane.
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