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2021-02-11Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.3389/fenrg.2020.553400
The BECCS Implementation Gap–A Swedish Case Study
dc.contributor.authorFuss, Sabine
dc.contributor.authorJohnsson, Filip
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-28T08:33:23Z
dc.date.available2021-05-28T08:33:23Z
dc.date.issued2021-02-11none
dc.date.updated2021-02-25T09:07:22Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/23594
dc.description.abstractThe IPCC has assessed a variety of pathways that could still lead to achievement of the ambitious climate targets set in the Paris Agreement. However, the longer time that climate action is delayed, the more the achievement of this goal will depend on Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) technologies and practices. In the models behind these pathways, the main CDR technology is Bioenergy combined with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS). We review the role that BECCS could play in reaching net-zero targets based on the existing 1.5°C scenarios. Such scenarios presented in the literature typically have BECCS at a GtCO2 per year scale. We also assess the potentials and obstacles for BECCS implementation at the national level, applying Sweden as a case study. Given that BECCS deployment has scarcely started and, thus, is far from capturing 1 GtCO2 per year, with lead times on the scale of multiple years, we conclude that there will be a large implementation gap unless BECCS development is immediately intensified, emissions are reduced at a much faster pace or removals realized through other CDR measures. In the national case study, we show that Sweden has favorable conditions for BECCS in that it has large point sources of biogenic emissions, and that BECCS has been identified as one potential “supplementary measure” for reaching the Swedish target of net-zero emissions in 2045. Yet, work on planning for BECCS implementation has started only recently and would need to be accelerated to close the implementation gap between the present advancement and the targets for BECCS proposed in a recent public inquiry on the roles of supplementary measures. An assessment of two ramp-up scenarios for BECCS demonstrates that it should in principle be possible to reach the currently envisaged deployment scales, but this will require prompt introduction of political and economic incentives. The main barriers are thus not due to technological immaturity, but are rather of a socio-economic, political and institutional nature.eng
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY 4.0) Attribution 4.0 Internationalger
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectcarbon capture and storageeng
dc.subjectbioenergyeng
dc.subjectparis climate targetseng
dc.subjectswedeneng
dc.subjectnet-zeroeng
dc.subject.ddc333.7 Natürliche Resourcen, Energie und Umweltnone
dc.titleThe BECCS Implementation Gap–A Swedish Case Studynone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/23594-3
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fenrg.2020.553400none
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/22921
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.container-titleFrontiers in energy researchnone
local.edoc.pages18none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.institutionMathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultätnone
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-publisher-nameFrontiers Medianone
local.edoc.container-publisher-placeLausannenone
local.edoc.container-volume8none
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
local.edoc.container-articlenumber553400none
dc.identifier.eissn2296-598X
local.edoc.affiliationFuss, Sabine: Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change, Berlin, Germany; Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden; Geographisches Institut, Humboldt-Universität Zu Berlin, Berlin, Germanynone
local.edoc.affiliationJohnsson, Filip: Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Swedennone

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