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2021-09-03Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.3390/educsci11090495
Modeling as Scientific Reasoning—The Role of Abductive Reasoning for Modeling Competence
dc.contributor.authorUpmeier zu Belzen, Annette
dc.contributor.authorEngelschalt, Paul
dc.contributor.authorKrüger, Dirk
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-14T09:50:01Z
dc.date.available2021-10-14T09:50:01Z
dc.date.issued2021-09-03none
dc.date.updated2021-10-01T12:21:48Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/24202
dc.description.abstractWhile the hypothetico-deductive approach, which includes inductive and deductive reasoning, is largely recognized in scientific reasoning, there is not much focus on abductive reasoning. Abductive reasoning describes the theory-based attempt of explaining a phenomenon by a cause. By integrating abductive reasoning into a framework for modeling competence, we strengthen the idea of modeling being a key practice of science. The framework for modeling competence theoretically describes competence levels structuring the modeling process into model construction and model application. The aim of this theoretical paper is to extend the framework for modeling competence by including abductive reasoning, with impact on the whole modeling process. Abductive reasoning can be understood as knowledge expanding in the process of model construction. In combination with deductive reasoning in model application, such inferences might enrich modeling processes. Abductive reasoning to explain a phenomenon from the best fitting guess is important for model construction and may foster the deduction of hypotheses from the model and further testing them empirically. Recent studies and examples of learners’ performance in modeling processes support abductive reasoning being a part of modeling competence within scientific reasoning. The extended framework can be used for teaching and learning to foster scientific reasoning competences within modeling processes.eng
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY 4.0) Attribution 4.0 Internationalger
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectscientific reasoningeng
dc.subjectabductive reasoningeng
dc.subjectmodelseng
dc.subjectmodelingeng
dc.subjectmodel constructioneng
dc.subjectmodel applicationeng
dc.subjectmodeling competenceeng
dc.subject.ddc370 Bildung und Erziehungnone
dc.titleModeling as Scientific Reasoning—The Role of Abductive Reasoning for Modeling Competencenone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/24202-5
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/educsci11090495none
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/23544
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.container-titleEducation Sciencesnone
local.edoc.pages11none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.institutionLebenswissenschaftliche Fakultätnone
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-publisher-nameMDPInone
local.edoc.container-publisher-placeBaselnone
local.edoc.container-volume11none
local.edoc.container-issue9none
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
local.edoc.container-articlenumber495none
dc.identifier.eissn2227-7102
local.edoc.affiliationUpmeier zu Belzen, Annette; 1Biology Education, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 10099 Berlin, Germany; paul.engelschalt@hu-berlin.denone
local.edoc.affiliationEngelschalt, Paul; 1Biology Education, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 10099 Berlin, Germany; paul.engelschalt@hu-berlin.denone
local.edoc.affiliationKrüger, Dirk; 2Biology Education, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany; dirk.krueger@fu-berlin.denone

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