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2020-08-17Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.18452/23732
Perturbation-based exercise for prevention of low-back pain in adolescent athletes
dc.contributor.authorArampatzis, Adamantios
dc.contributor.authorLaube, Gunnar
dc.contributor.authorSchroll, Arno
dc.contributor.authorFrank, Johannes
dc.contributor.authorBohm, Sebastian
dc.contributor.authorMersmann, Falk
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-29T08:35:30Z
dc.date.available2021-11-29T08:35:30Z
dc.date.issued2020-08-17none
dc.identifier.other10.1002/tsm2.191
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/24381
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a perturbation-based exercise intervention on the prevention of chronic non-specific low-back pain in adolescent athletes over 1 year. In a 2-year prospective research design, thirty-seven adolescent athletes (13-18 years) were recruited. In the first year (control), the athletes performed their usual training program, while in the second year (intervention), a perturbation-based trunk exercise intervention was implemented (two times per week for 25 minutes). Low-back pain incidence, trunk muscle strength, lumbo-pelvic alignment, and kinematics were measured four times per year. The 3 months prevalence of low-back pain reduced by 49% in the intervention compared to the control year. Further, low-back pain intensity decreased (P = .019, d = 0.524) and muscle strength of the trunk extensors (P = .040, d = 0.585) and trunk flexors (P = .002, d = 0.515) increased in the intervention year. Finally, a reduction (P < .001, d = 1.401) of strength imbalances between the flexor and extensor muscles was observed. Lumbo-pelvic alignment and kinematics during forward bending did not alter (P > .05) due to the intervention. The findings evidence beneficial effects of a perturbation-based exercise intervention on the prevention of low-back pain. This underlines the need for the implementation of specific interventions of trunk muscles in the training process.eng
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY 4.0) Attribution 4.0 Internationalger
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectKINGS projecteng
dc.subjectlow-back pain intensityeng
dc.subjectlow-back pain prevalenceeng
dc.subjectlumbo-pelvic ratioeng
dc.subjectspine alignmenteng
dc.subjecttrunk strength imbalanceseng
dc.subject.ddc610 Medizin, Gesundheitnone
dc.titlePerturbation-based exercise for prevention of low-back pain in adolescent athletesnone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/24381-1
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/23732
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.container-titleTranslational sports medicine : TSMnone
local.edoc.pages10none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.institutionKultur-, Sozial- und Bildungswissenschaftliche Fakultätnone
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-publisher-nameWileynone
local.edoc.container-publisher-placeMedford, MAnone
local.edoc.container-volume4none
local.edoc.container-issue1none
local.edoc.container-firstpage128none
local.edoc.container-lastpage137none
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
dc.identifier.eissn2573-8488

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