2011Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.18452/23668
Psychosocial working conditions and well-being among immigrant and German low-wage workers
Despite a steady increase of immigrant workers in Germany in the past decades, occupational health research has only peripherally addressed psychosocial working conditions and immigrant worker well-being. This study has two aims: (1) to investigate differences in psychosocial stressors and resources between immigrant and German low-wage workers, and (2) to examine group differences in their association with well-being using a structural equation modeling multiple group analysis approach. Eighty-nine immigrant and 146 German postmen of a German mail service company were surveyed. Results reveal more stressors in the social work environment for the immigrant workers than for their German coworkers but similar levels of task-related stressors in both groups. Stressors are more strongly associated with psychological distress among the German workers. In terms of resources, job control serves as a resource only among German workers, whereas supervisor and coworker support are more important for immigrant workers. These differences suggest that cultural factors, previous work experiences, and expectations influence the worker's experience of psychosocial working conditions and have a direct impact on worker health.
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Final version published as: Annekatrin Hoppe: Psychosocial working conditions and well-being among immigrant and German low-wage workers. In: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology 16(2), 2011, pages 187–201. DOI: 10.1037/a0021728