2021-10-12Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.3390/biology10101030
Genomic Features and Molecular Function of a Novel Stress-Tolerant Bacillus halotolerans Strain Isolated from an Extreme Environment
Simple Summary: The Qinghai–Tibet Plateau is known as the “third pole of the world”. Due to the extreme geographical location, Qinghai–Tibet Plateau has unique ecosystems characterized by oxygen deficiency, low temperature, high salinity and alkalinity. We carried out the current study to explore the excellent extremophilic Bacillus strains via potential stress resistance as well as biocontrol properties in the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau. We found a Bacillus halotolerans strain with a promising ability to withstand harsh environments and which also exhibits an optimistic biocontrol activity against plant pathogens. We revealed the whole genome sequencing and its taxonomic position and elucidated its molecular functions that were responsible for enhancing stress tolerance as well as suppressing plant pathogens at the genetic level. Lastly, we identified this strain harbored the specific genes associated with stresses resistance, biocontrol function, and can be used as a biological agent in the agriculture field.Due to its topographical position and climatic conditions, the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau possesses abundant microorganism resources. The extremophilic strain KKD1 isolated from Hoh Xil possesses strong stress tolerance, enabling it to propagate under high salinity (13%) and alkalinity (pH 10.0) conditions. In addition, KKD1 exhibits promising biocontrol activity against plant pathogens. To further explore these traits at the genomic level, we performed whole-genome sequencing and analysis. The taxonomic identification according to the average nucleotide identity based on BLAST revealed that KKD1 belongs to Bacillus halotolerans. Genetic screening of KKD1 revealed that its stress resistance mechanism depends on osmotic equilibrium, membrane transportation, and the regulation of ion balance under salt and alkaline stress. The expression of genes involved in these pathways was analyzed using real-time quantitative PCR. The presence of different gene clusters encoding antimicrobial secondary metabolites indicated the various pathways by which KKD1 suppresses phytopathogenic growth. Moreover, the lipopeptides surfactin and fengycin were identified as being significant antifungal components of KKD1. Through comparative genomics analysis, we noticed that KKD1 harbored specific genes involved in stress resistance and biocontrol, thus providing a new perspective on the genomic features of the extremophilic Bacillus species.
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