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2015-04-15Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/4/044011
Three centuries of dual pressure from land use and climate change on the biosphere
dc.contributor.authorOstberg, Sebastian
dc.contributor.authorSchaphoff, Sibyll
dc.contributor.authorLucht, Wolfgang
dc.contributor.authorGerten, Dieter
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-10T13:40:26Z
dc.date.available2022-03-10T13:40:26Z
dc.date.issued2015-04-15none
dc.date.updated2022-01-28T13:11:45Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/24926
dc.description.abstractHuman land use and anthropogenic climate change (CC) are placing mounting pressure on natural ecosystems worldwide, with impacts on biodiversity, water resources, nutrient and carbon cycles. Here, we present a quantitative macro-scale comparative analysis of the separate and joint dual impacts of land use and land cover change (LULCC) and CC on the terrestrial biosphere during the last ca. 300 years, based on simulations with a dynamic global vegetation model and an aggregated metric of simultaneous biogeochemical, hydrological and vegetation-structural shifts. We find that by the beginning of the 21st century LULCC and CC have jointly caused major shifts on more than 90% of all areas now cultivated, corresponding to 26% of the land area. CC has exposed another 26% of natural ecosystems to moderate or major shifts. Within three centuries, the impact of LULCC on landscapes has increased 13-fold. Within just one century, CC effects have caught up with LULCC effects.eng
dc.description.sponsorshipBundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung:
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY 3.0) Attribution 3.0 Unportedger
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
dc.subjectland use changeeng
dc.subjectclimate changeeng
dc.subjectimpactseng
dc.subjectbiogeochemistryeng
dc.subjectbiosphereeng
dc.subject.ddc910 Geografie und Reisennone
dc.titleThree centuries of dual pressure from land use and climate change on the biospherenone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/24926-4
dc.identifier.doi10.1088/1748-9326/10/4/044011none
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/24271
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.container-titleEnvironmental research letters : ERLnone
local.edoc.pages11none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.institutionMathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultätnone
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-publisher-nameIOP Publ.none
local.edoc.container-publisher-placeBristolnone
local.edoc.container-volume10none
local.edoc.container-issue4none
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
local.edoc.container-articlenumber044011none
dc.identifier.eissn1748-9326

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