2018-12-21Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/aaf310
Electronic properties of hybrid organic/inorganic semiconductor pn-junctions
Hybrid inorganic/organic semiconductor heterojunctions are candidates to expand the scope of purely organic or inorganic junctions in electronic and optoelectronic devices. Comprehensive understanding of bulk and interface doping on the junction’s electronic properties is therefore desirable. In this work, we elucidate the energy level alignment and its mechanisms at a prototypical hybrid pn-junction comprising ZnO (n-type) and p-doped N,N′-di(1-naphthyl)-N,N′-diphenyl-(1,1′-biphenyl)-4,4′-diamine (α-NPD) as semiconductors, using photoelectron spectroscopy. The level alignment can be quantitatively described by the interplay of contact-induced band and energy level bending in the inorganic and organic component away from the interface, and an interface dipole due to the push-back effect. By adjusting the dopant concentration in α-NPD, the position of the frontier energy levels of ZnO can be varied by over 0.5 eV and that of α-NPD by over 1 eV. The tunability of this pn-junction’s energy levels evidences the substantial potential of the hybrid approach for enhancing device functionality.