Now showing items 1-10 of 588
A network-based approach for semi-quantitative knowledge mining and its application to yield variability
Variability of crop yields is detrimental for food security. Under climate change its amplitude is likely to increase, thus it is essential to understand the underlying causes and mechanisms. Crop models are the primary ...
Terrestrial vegetation redistribution and carbon balance under climate change Carbon Balance and Management
Background: Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs) compute the terrestrial carbon balance as well as the transient spatial distribution of vegetation. We study two scenarios of moderate and strong climate change (2.9 K ...
Stochastic market modeling with Gaussian Quadratures: Do rotations of Stroud's octahedron matter?
Recently, stochastic applications of large-scale applied simulation models of agricultural markets have become more frequent. However, stochastic modeling with large market models comes with high computational and management ...
Consistent negative response of US crops to high temperatures in observations and crop models
High temperatures are detrimental to crop yields and could lead to global warming-driven reductions in agricultural productivity. To assess future threats, the majority of studies used process-based crop models, but their ...
Analysis of the Intestinal Microbiome of a Recovered Clostridium difficile Patient after Fecal Transplantation
Background: Clostridium difficile infections upon antibiotic disruption of the gut microbiota are potentially lethal. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a promising treatment option for recurrent C. difficile-associated ...
Correlates and Moderators of Change in Subjective Memory and Memory Performance
Findings from the Health and Retirement Study
Aging researchers have long been interested in understanding individuals' subjective perceptions of their own memory functioning. Previous research has shown that subjective memory ratings are partly based on memory ...
Biobehavioral Pathways Underlying Spousal Health Dynamics: Its Nature, Correlates, and Consequences
Marriage is a very special relationship that has a high potential to influence physical and mental health throughout the adult lifespan and into old age. In this viewpoint, we propose a model that outlines plausible ...
Exercise-Induced Fitness Changes Correlate with Changes in Neural Specificity in Older Adults
Neural specificity refers to the degree to which neural representations of different stimuli can be distinguished. Evidence suggests that neural specificity, operationally defined as stimulus-related differences in ...
Strong seduction: impulsivity and the impact of contextual cues on instrumental behavior in alcohol dependence
Alcohol-related cues acquire incentive salience through Pavlovian conditioning and then can markedly affect instrumental behavior of alcohol-dependent patients to promote relapse. However, it is unclear whether similar ...