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Exercise-Induced Fitness Changes Correlate with Changes in Neural Specificity in Older Adults
Neural specificity refers to the degree to which neural representations of different stimuli can be distinguished. Evidence suggests that neural specificity, operationally defined as stimulus-related differences in ...
Beyond one work day? A daily diary study on causal and reverse effects between experienced workplace incivility and behaving rude towards others
In this diary study with N = 348 employees, we examine whether the contagion effect of workplace incivility transfers beyond one work day that is whether the experience of workplace incivility is related to showing rude ...
Challenging Cognitive Control by Mirrored Stimuli in Working Memory Matching
Cognitive conflict has often been investigated by placing automatic processing originating from learned associations in competition with instructed task demands. Here we explore whether mirror generalization as a congenital ...
On the importance of Task 1 and error performance measures in PRP dual-task studies
The psychological refractory period (PRP) paradigm is a dominant research tool in the literature on dual-task performance. In this paradigm a first and second component task (i.e., Task 1 and Task 2) are presented with ...
ADHD Traits in German School-Aged Children: Validation of the German Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHS Symptoms and Normal Behavior (SWAN-DE) Scale
Objective: The Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHS–Symptoms and Normal Behavior (SWAN) Scale has been developed to support the dimensional assessment of ADHD symptoms by capturing variance on both poles of the ADHD continuum. ...
Stigma of Mental Illness in Germans and Turkish Immigrants in Germany
The Effect of Causal Beliefs
Background: Stigma poses an additional burden for people suffering from mental illness, one that often impairs their social participation and can prevent them from seeking adequate help. It is therefore crucial to understand ...
The time course of emotion effects in first and second language processing
A cross cultural ERP study with German–Spanish bilinguals
To investigate whether second language processing is characterized by the same sensitivity to the emotional content of language – as compared to native language processing – we conducted an EEG study manipulating word ...
What I say is what I get: stronger effects of self-generated vs. cue-induced expectations in event-related potentials
Expectations regarding future events enable preparatory processes and allow for faster responses to expected stimuli compared to unexpected stimuli. Expectations can have internal sources or follow external cues. While ...