Now showing items 141-150 of 174
Impaired Antisaccades in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Evidence From Meta-Analysis and a Large Empirical Study
Increasing evidence indicates that patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) exhibit alterations in fronto-striatal circuitry. Performance deficits in the antisaccade task would support this model, but results from ...
How to Study Chronic Diseases—Implications of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities for Research Designs
Background The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) has been received considerable attention internationally. Methods The Convention’s main arguments are conceptually analyzed. Implications ...
Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Neural Processing of Agoraphobia-Specific Stimuli in Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia
Background: Patients suffering from panic disorder and agoraphobia are significantly impaired in daily life due to anxiety about getting into a situation due to apprehension about experiencing a panic attack, especially ...
Towards the automatic detection of social biomarkers in autism spectrum disorder: introducing the simulated interaction task (SIT)
Social interaction deficits are evident in many psychiatric conditions and specifically in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but hard to assess objectively. We present a digital tool to automatically quantify biomarkers of ...
Intra-saccadic motion streaks as cues to linking object locations across saccades
When visual objects shift rapidly across the retina, they produce motion blur. Intra-saccadic visual signals, caused incessantly by our own saccades, are thought to be eliminated at early stages of visual processing. Here ...
EEG based assessment of stress in horses
a pilot study
As has been hypothesized more than 20 years ago, data derived from Electroencephalography (EEG) measurements can be used to distinguish between behavioral states associated with animal welfare. In our current study we found ...
Spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity: sequence method at rest does not quantify causal interactions but rather determines the heart rate to blood pressure variability ratio
Objective: In order to quantify spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) many groups use the sequence method (SME). In this paper we test the hypothesis that SME is quantifying causal interactions of pontaneous BRS at rest ...
Volunteer First Responders for Optimizing Management of Mass Casualty Incidents
Objective: Rapid response to a trauma incident is vital for saving lives. However, in a mass casualty incident (MCI), there may not be enough resources (first responders and equipment) to adequately triage, prepare, and ...
Amygdala–prefrontal connectivity during appraisal of symptom-related stimuli in obsessive–compulsive disorder
Background: Cognitive models of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) posit dysfunctional appraisal of disorder-relevant stimuli in patients, suggesting disturbances in the processes relying on amygdala–prefrontal connectivity. ...