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2019-10-01Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.18452/24673
Causal attribution for mental illness in Cuba: A thematic analysis
dc.contributor.authorNohr, Laura
dc.contributor.authorSteinhäuser, Theresa
dc.contributor.authorLorenzo Ruiz, Alexis
dc.contributor.authorFerrer, Juan Emilio Sandoval
dc.contributor.authorLersner, Ulrike von
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-18T09:58:22Z
dc.date.available2022-05-18T09:58:22Z
dc.date.issued2019-10-01none
dc.date.updated2020-07-05T19:36:48Z
dc.identifier.issn1363-4615
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/25341
dc.descriptionThis publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.none
dc.description.abstractExplanatory models (EMs) for illness are highly relevant for patients, and they are also important for clinical diagnoses and treatment. EMs serve to capture patients' personal illness narratives and can help reveal how culture influences these narratives. While much research has aimed to understand EMs in the Western hemisphere, less research has been done on other cultures. Therefore, we investigated local causal attributions for mental illness in Cuba because of its particular history and political system. Although Cuban culture shares many values with Latin American cultures because of Spanish colonization, it is unique because of its socialist political and economic context, which might influence causal attributions. Thus, we developed a qualitative interview outline based on the Clinical Ethnographic Interview and administered interviews to 14 psychiatric patients in Havana. We conducted a thematic analysis to identify repeated patterns of meaning. Six patterns of causal attribution for mental illness were identified: (1) Personal shortcomings, (2) Family influences, (3) Excessive demands, (4) Cultural, economic, and political environment in Cuba, (5) Physical causes, and (6) Symptom-related explanations. In our sample, we found general and Cuba-specific patterns of causal attributions, whereby the Cuba-specific themes mainly locate the causes of mental illness outside the individual. These findings might be related to Cubans' socio-centric personal orientation, the cultural value of familismo and common daily experiences within socialist Cuban society. We discuss how the findings may be related to social stigma and help-seeking behavior.eng
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectexplanatory modeleng
dc.subjectcausal attributioneng
dc.subjectmental illnesseng
dc.subjectCubaeng
dc.subjectqualitative studyeng
dc.subjectthematic analysiseng
dc.subject.ddc300 Sozialwissenschaftennone
dc.subject.ddc610 Medizin und Gesundheitnone
dc.titleCausal attribution for mental illness in Cuba: A thematic analysisnone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/25341-3
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/24673
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.pages26none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
dc.identifier.eissn1461-7471
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.doi10.1177/1363461519853649none
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.journaltitleTranscultural Psychiatrynone
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.volume56none
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.issue5none
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublishernameSAGE Publicationsnone
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublisherplaceLondon, Englandnone
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.pagestart947none
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.pageend972none
bua.departmentLebenswissenschaftliche Fakultätnone

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