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2018-02-01Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa9e3b
Large-scale bioenergy production: how to resolve sustainability trade-offs?
dc.contributor.authorHumpenöder, Florian
dc.contributor.authorPopp, Alexander
dc.contributor.authorBodirsky, Benjamin Leon
dc.contributor.authorWeindl, Isabelle
dc.contributor.authorBiewald, Anne
dc.contributor.authorLotze-Campen, Hermann
dc.contributor.authorDietrich, Jan Philipp
dc.contributor.authorKlein, David
dc.contributor.authorKreidenweis, Ulrich
dc.contributor.authorMüller, Christoph
dc.contributor.authorRolinski, Susanne
dc.contributor.authorStevanovic, Miodrag
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-17T12:09:37Z
dc.date.available2022-08-17T12:09:37Z
dc.date.issued2018-02-01none
dc.date.updated2022-01-28T20:30:29Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/25851
dc.description.abstractLarge-scale 2nd generation bioenergy deployment is a key element of 1.5 °C and 2 °C transformation pathways. However, large-scale bioenergy production might have negative sustainability implications and thus may conflict with the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) agenda. Here, we carry out a multi-criteria sustainability assessment of large-scale bioenergy crop production throughout the 21st century (300 EJ in 2100) using a global land-use model. Our analysis indicates that large-scale bioenergy production without complementary measures results in negative effects on the following sustainability indicators: deforestation, CO2 emissions from land-use change, nitrogen losses, unsustainable water withdrawals and food prices. One of our main findings is that single-sector environmental protection measures next to large-scale bioenergy production are prone to involve trade-offs among these sustainability indicators—at least in the absence of more efficient land or water resource use. For instance, if bioenergy production is accompanied by forest protection, deforestation and associated emissions (SDGs 13 and 15) decline substantially whereas food prices (SDG 2) increase. However, our study also shows that this trade-off strongly depends on the development of future food demand. In contrast to environmental protection measures, we find that agricultural intensification lowers some side-effects of bioenergy production substantially (SDGs 13 and 15) without generating new trade-offs—at least among the sustainability indicators considered here. Moreover, our results indicate that a combination of forest and water protection schemes, improved fertilization efficiency, and agricultural intensification would reduce the side-effects of bioenergy production most comprehensively. However, although our study includes more sustainability indicators than previous studies on bioenergy side-effects, our study represents only a small subset of all indicators relevant for the SDG agenda. Based on this, we argue that the development of policies for regulating externalities of large-scale bioenergy production should rely on broad sustainability assessments to discover potential trade-offs with the SDG agenda before implementation.eng
dc.description.sponsorshipUmweltbundesamt
dc.description.sponsorshipEU Horizon 2020
dc.description.sponsorshipEU Seventh Framework Programme
dc.description.sponsorshipLeibniz Association
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY 3.0) Attribution 3.0 Unportedger
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
dc.subjectlarge-scale bioenergyeng
dc.subjecttrade-offeng
dc.subjectsustainable development goal (SDG)eng
dc.subjectland-use changeeng
dc.subjectenvironmental protectioneng
dc.subjectland-sparing measureeng
dc.subjectglobal land-use modelingeng
dc.subject.ddc690 Bau von Gebäudennone
dc.titleLarge-scale bioenergy production: how to resolve sustainability trade-offs?none
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/25851-7
dc.identifier.doi10.1088/1748-9326/aa9e3bnone
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/25159
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.container-titleEnvironmental Research Lettersnone
local.edoc.pages15none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.institutionLebenswissenschaftliche Fakultätnone
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
local.edoc.container-publisher-nameIOP Publishingnone
local.edoc.container-publisher-placeBristolnone
local.edoc.container-volume13none
local.edoc.container-issue2none
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
local.edoc.container-articlenumber024011none
dc.identifier.eissn1748-9326

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