Now showing items 1-10 of 421
A network-based approach for semi-quantitative knowledge mining and its application to yield variability
Variability of crop yields is detrimental for food security. Under climate change its amplitude is likely to increase, thus it is essential to understand the underlying causes and mechanisms. Crop models are the primary ...
Strong seduction: impulsivity and the impact of contextual cues on instrumental behavior in alcohol dependence
Alcohol-related cues acquire incentive salience through Pavlovian conditioning and then can markedly affect instrumental behavior of alcohol-dependent patients to promote relapse. However, it is unclear whether similar ...
Consistent negative response of US crops to high temperatures in observations and crop models
High temperatures are detrimental to crop yields and could lead to global warming-driven reductions in agricultural productivity. To assess future threats, the majority of studies used process-based crop models, but their ...
Exercise-Induced Fitness Changes Correlate with Changes in Neural Specificity in Older Adults
Neural specificity refers to the degree to which neural representations of different stimuli can be distinguished. Evidence suggests that neural specificity, operationally defined as stimulus-related differences in ...
Water savings potentials of irrigation systems global simulations of processes and linkages
Global agricultural production is heavily sustained by irrigation, but irrigation system efficiencies are often surprisingly low. However, our knowledge of irrigation efficiencies is mostly confined to rough indicative ...
Terrestrial vegetation redistribution and carbon balance under climate change Carbon Balance and Management
Background: Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs) compute the terrestrial carbon balance as well as the transient spatial distribution of vegetation. We study two scenarios of moderate and strong climate change (2.9 K ...
Regulation of Flagellum Biosynthesis in Response to Cell Envelope Stress in Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium
Flagellum-driven motility of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium facilitates host colonization. However, the large extracellular flagellum is also a prime target for the immune system. As consequence, expression of ...
The Maximum Lyapunov Exponent During Walking and Running: Reliability Assessment of Different Marker-Sets
The maximum Lyapunov exponent (MLE) has often been suggested as the prominent measure for evaluation of dynamic stability of locomotion in pathological and healthy population. Although the popularity of the MLE has increased ...
Semantic Interference and Facilitation
Understanding the Integration of Spatial Distance and Conceptual Similarity During Sentence Reading
Existing evidence has shown a processing advantage (or facilitation) when representations derived from a non-linguistic context (spatial proximity depicted by gambling cards moving together) match the semantic content of ...