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Exercise-Induced Fitness Changes Correlate with Changes in Neural Specificity in Older Adults
Neural specificity refers to the degree to which neural representations of different stimuli can be distinguished. Evidence suggests that neural specificity, operationally defined as stimulus-related differences in ...
Semantic Interference and Facilitation
Understanding the Integration of Spatial Distance and Conceptual Similarity During Sentence Reading
Existing evidence has shown a processing advantage (or facilitation) when representations derived from a non-linguistic context (spatial proximity depicted by gambling cards moving together) match the semantic content of ...
Temporal voice areas exist in autism spectrum disorder but are dysfunctional for voice identity recognition
The ability to recognise the identity of others is a key requirement for successful communication. Brain regions that respond selectively to voices exist in humans from early infancy on. Currently, it is unclear whether ...
Group-Level EEG-Processing Pipeline for Flexible Single Trial-Based Analyses Including Linear Mixed Models
Here we present an application of an EEG processing pipeline customizing EEGLAB and FieldTrip functions, specifically optimized to flexibly analyze EEG data based on single trial information. The key component of our ...
How Specific Abilities Might Throw ‘g’ a Curve: An Idea on How to Capitalize on the Predictive Validity of Specific Cognitive Abilities
School grades are still used by universities and employers for selection purposes. Thus, identifying determinants of school grades is important. Broadly, two predictor categories can be differentiated from an individual ...
The Relation of Personality and Intelligence—What Can the Brunswik Symmetry Principle Tell Us?
Abstract Personality and intelligence are defined as hierarchical constructs, ranging from broad g-factors to (domain-)specific constructs. The present study investigated whether different combinations of hierarchical ...
Acoustic processing of temporally modulated sounds in infants: evidence from a combined near-infrared spectroscopy and EEG study
Speech perception requires rapid extraction of the linguistic content from the acoustic signal. The ability to efficiently process rapid changes in auditory information is important for decoding speech and thereby crucial ...
The Role of Time in the Quest for Understanding Psychological Mechanisms
The lead-lag structure of multivariate time-ordered observations and the possibility to disentangle between-person (BP) from within-person (WP) sources of variance are major assets of longitudinal (panel) data. Hence, ...