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2022-10-11Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.18452/25918
ArcticBeach v1.0: A physics-based parameterization of pan-Arctic coastline erosion
dc.contributor.authorRolph, Rebecca
dc.contributor.authorOverduin, Pier
dc.contributor.authorRavens, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorLantuit, Hugues
dc.contributor.authorLanger, Moritz
dc.date.accessioned2023-01-23T13:55:48Z
dc.date.available2023-01-23T13:55:48Z
dc.date.issued2022-10-11none
dc.date.updated2022-12-15T18:07:29Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/26602
dc.description.abstractIn the Arctic, air temperatures are increasing and sea ice is declining, resulting in larger waves and a longer open water season, all of which intensify the thaw and erosion of ice-rich coasts. Climate change has been shown to increase the rate of Arctic coastal erosion, causing problems for Arctic cultural heritage, existing industrial, military, and civil infrastructure, as well as changes in nearshore biogeochemistry. Numerical models that reproduce historical and project future Arctic erosion rates are necessary to understand how further climate change will affect these problems, and no such model yet exists to simulate the physics of erosion on a pan-Arctic scale. We have coupled a bathystrophic storm surge model to a simplified physical erosion model of a permafrost coastline. This Arctic erosion model, called ArcticBeach v1.0, is a first step toward a physical parameterization of Arctic shoreline erosion for larger-scale models. It is forced by wind speed and direction, wave period and height, sea surface temperature, all of which are masked during times of sea ice cover near the coastline. Model tuning requires observed historical retreat rates (at least one value), as well as rough nearshore bathymetry. These parameters are already available on a pan-Arctic scale. The model is validated at three study sites at 1) Drew Point (DP), Alaska, 2) Mamontovy Khayata (MK), Siberia, and 3) Veslebogen Cliffs, Svalbard. Simulated cumulative retreat rates for DP and MK respectively (169 and 170 m) over the time periods studied at each site (2007–2016, and 1995–2018) are found to the same order of magnitude as observed cumulative retreat (172 and 120 m). The rocky Veslebogen cliffs have small observed cumulative retreat rates (0.05 m over 2014–2016), and our model was also able to reproduce this same order of magnitude of retreat (0.08 m). Given the large differences in geomorphology between the study sites, this study provides a proof-of-concept that ArcticBeach v1.0 can be applied on very different permafrost coastlines. ArcticBeach v1.0 provides a promising starting point to project retreat of Arctic shorelines, or to evaluate historical retreat in places that have had few observations.eng
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY 4.0) Attribution 4.0 Internationalger
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectpermafrosteng
dc.subjecterosioneng
dc.subjectmodellingeng
dc.subjectarcticeng
dc.subjectclimate changeeng
dc.subject.ddc550 Geowissenschaftennone
dc.titleArcticBeach v1.0: A physics-based parameterization of pan-Arctic coastline erosionnone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/26602-8
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/25918
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.pages19none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
dc.identifier.eissn2296-6463
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.doi10.3389/feart.2022.962208none
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.journaltitleFrontiers in Earth Sciencenone
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.volume10none
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.articlenumber962208none
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublishernameFrontiers Medianone
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublisherplaceLausannenone
bua.departmentMathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultätnone

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