2021-06-02Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.18452/26116
Benchmarking Electrolyte-Gated Monolayer MoS2 Field-Effect Transistors in Aqueous Environments
Most electrical sensor and biosensor elements require reliable transducing elements to convert small potential changes into easy to read out current signals. Offering inherent signal magnification and being operable in many relevant environments field-effect transistors (FETs) are the element of choice in many cases. In particular, using electrolyte gating, numerous sensors and biosensors have been realized in aqueous environments. Over the past years, electrolyte-gated FETs have been fabricated using a variety of semiconducting materials, including graphene, ZnO, as well as conjugated molecules and polymers. Above all, using conducting polymers top-performing devices have been achieved. Herein, an approach to use a transition metal dichalcogenide (TMDC)-based monolayer device as a transducing element is presented. Using MoS2 monolayers, it is shown that such electrolyte-gated devices may be regarded as very promising transducing elements for sensor and biosensor applications, enabled by their high sensitivity for environmental changes and the possibility of using the naturally occurring sulfur vacancies as grafting points of biorecognition layers. Furthermore, the behavior of such a device under prolonged operation in a dilute biologically relevant electrolyte such as phosphate buffered saline solution (PBS) is reported.
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