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2022-09-24Zeitschriftenartikel DOI: 10.18452/26269
Resource pulses and human–wildlife conflicts
dc.contributor.authorBautista, Carlos
dc.contributor.authorOeser, Julian
dc.contributor.authorKuemmerle, Tobias
dc.contributor.authorSelva, Nuria
dc.date.accessioned2023-03-21T10:51:42Z
dc.date.available2023-03-21T10:51:42Z
dc.date.issued2022-09-24none
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/26942
dc.descriptionThe article processing charge was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) – 491192747 and the Open Access Publication Fund of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.none
dc.description.abstractPulsed resources have prominent effects on community and ecosystem dynamics; however, there is little research on how resource pulses affect human–wildlife interactions. Tree masting is a common type of pulsed resource that represents a crucial food for many species and has important bottom-up effects in food webs. In anthropogenic landscapes, years of food shortage after mast years can have negative outcomes for both people and wildlife, for instance when an increased use of anthropogenic foods by animals exacerbates human–wildlife conflicts. Here, we used novel remote sensing indicators of forest productivity and phenology, together with weather cues and ground measures of mast production, to assess whether years of masting and crop failures lead to changes in human–wildlife conflict occurrence. We used a unique 14-year dataset including the production of European beech Fagus sylvatica seeds and brown bear Ursus arctos damage in the northeastern Carpathians as our model system. Linking these data in a panel regression framework, we found that temporal fluctuations in damage occurrence were sensitive to the year-to-year variation in beechnut production. Specifically, the number of damages during bear hyperphagia (i.e., September to December, when bears need to accumulate fat reserves prior to hibernation) was significantly higher in years with low beechnut production than in normal or mast years. Furthermore, we provide evidence that beech masting and failure can be predicted through a combination of remote-sensing, weather, and field indicators of forest productivity and phenology. We demonstrate how pulsed resources, such as tree masting, can percolate through food webs to amplify human–wildlife conflict in human-dominated landscapes. Given the recent range expansion of large carnivores and herbivores in many regions, including Europe, predicting years of natural food shortage can provide a pathway to proactive damage prevention, and thus to foster coexistence between wildlife and people.eng
dc.language.isoengnone
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin
dc.rights(CC BY-NC 4.0) Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 Internationalger
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.subject.ddc577 Ökologienone
dc.titleResource pulses and human–wildlife conflictsnone
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-110-18452/26942-3
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/26269
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionnone
local.edoc.pages14none
local.edoc.type-nameZeitschriftenartikel
local.edoc.container-typeperiodical
local.edoc.container-type-nameZeitschrift
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewednone
dc.identifier.eissn2056-3485
dc.title.subtitlelinking satellite indicators and ground data on forest productivity to predict brown bear damagesnone
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.doi10.1002/rse2.302
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.journaltitleRemote sensing in ecology and conservationnone
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.volume9none
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.issue1none
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublishernameWileynone
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.originalpublisherplaceChichesternone
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.pagestart90none
dcterms.bibliographicCitation.pageend103none
bua.departmentMathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultätnone

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