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2007-09-26Buch DOI: 10.18452/4080
Total Work, Gender and Social Norms
dc.contributor.authorBurda, Michael
dc.contributor.authorHamermesh, Daniel S.
dc.contributor.authorWeil, Philippe
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-15T23:33:03Z
dc.date.available2017-06-15T23:33:03Z
dc.date.created2007-12-12
dc.date.issued2007-09-26
dc.identifier.issn1860-5664
dc.identifier.urihttp://edoc.hu-berlin.de/18452/4732
dc.description.abstractUsing time-diary data from 25 countries, we demonstrate that there is a negative relationship between real GDP per capita and the female-male difference in total work time per day—the sum of work for pay and work at home. In rich northern countries on four continents there is no difference—men and women do the same amount of total work. This latter fact has been presented before by several sociologists for a few rich countries; but our survey results show that labor economists, macroeconomists, the general public and sociologists are unaware of it and instead believe that women perform more total work. The facts do not arise from gender differences in the price of time (as measured by market wages), as women’s total work is further below men’s where their relative wages are lower. Additional tests using U.S. and German data show that they do not arise from differences in marital bargaining, as gender equality is not associated with marital status; nor do they stem from family norms, since most of the variance in the gender total work difference is due to within-couple differences. We offer a theory of social norms to explain the facts. The social-norm explanation is better able to account for withineducation group and within-region gender differences in total work being smaller than inter-group differences. It is consistent with evidence using the World Values Surveys that female total work is relatively greater than men’s where both men and women believe that scarce jobs should be offered to men first.eng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherHumboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectgender differenceseng
dc.subjecttime useeng
dc.subjecthousehold productioneng
dc.subjectpaid workeng
dc.subject.ddc330 Wirtschaft
dc.titleTotal Work, Gender and Social Norms
dc.typebook
dc.identifier.urnurn:nbn:de:kobv:11-10082350
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.18452/4080
local.edoc.container-titleSonderforschungsbereich 649: Ökonomisches Risiko
local.edoc.pages48
local.edoc.type-nameBuch
local.edoc.container-typeseries
local.edoc.container-type-nameSchriftenreihe
local.edoc.container-volume2007
local.edoc.container-issue58
local.edoc.container-year2007
local.edoc.container-erstkatid2195055-6

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