2014-04-16Buch DOI: 10.18452/8440
Mitigating Uncertainty via Compromise Decisions in Two-stage Stochastic Linear Programming
Stochastic Programming (SP) has long been considered as a well-justified yet computationally challenging paradigm for practical applications. Computational studies in the literature often involve approximating a large number of scenarios by using a small number of scenarios to be processed via deterministic solvers, or running Sample Average Approximation on some genre of high performance machines so that statistically acceptable bounds can be obtained. In this paper we show that for a class of stochastic linear programming problems, an alternative approach known as Stochastic Decomposition (SD) can provide solutions of similar quality, in far less computational time using ordinary desktop or laptop machines of today. In addition to these compelling computational results, we also provide a stronger convergence result for SD, and introduce a new solution concept which we refer to as the compromise decision. This new concept is attractive for algorithms which call for multiple replications in sampling-based convex optimization algorithms. For such replicated optimization, we show that the difference between an average solution and a compromise decision provides a natural stopping rule. Finally our computational results cover a variety of instances from the literature, including a detailed study of SSN, a network planning instance which is known to be more challenging than other test instances in the literature.
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